2018 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share 2016-2017*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 876.17 907.60 2,314 2.1%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 603.81 615.64 1,501 0.5%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 580.08 538.25 1,712 -8.5%
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 427.14 472.05 1,183 8.9%
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 438.52 420.80 1,268 -5.4%
6 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 384.78 409.64 1,205 4.9%
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.85 408.03 1,216 -13.9%
8 Peking University (PKU), China 386.66 394.97 1,325 0.7%
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 355.01 385.07 959 6.9%
10 Tsinghua University, China 316.02 354.98 1,109 10.7%
11 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 321.42 336.04 886 3.0%
12 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 331.42 329.17 895 -2.1%
13 Nanjing University (NJU), China 319.47 328.84 796 1.5%
14 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 327.95 323.98 943 -2.6%
15 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 313.30 311.83 933 -1.9%
16 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 307.03 310.22 950 -0.4%
17 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 275.75 308.83 823 10.4%
18 Kyoto University, Japan 264.41 307.24 697 14.5%
19 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 349.15 302.83 823 -14.5%
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 284.01 296.61 778 2.9%
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 289.13 283.34 733 -3.4%
22 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 260.64 279.55 719 5.7%
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 267.88 271.78 864 0.0%
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 288.86 268.60 650 -8.4%
25 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 159.16 261.17 1,407 61.7%
26 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 257.81 261.13 813 -0.2%
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 259.89 257.24 693 -2.4%
28 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 228.83 250.98 672 8.1%
29 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 220.35 243.85 592 9.1%
30 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 244.10 243.70 812 -1.6%
31 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 234.59 242.52 572 1.9%
32 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 210.23 231.04 591 8.3%
33 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 251.22 224.86 603 -11.8%
34 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.40 224.79 705 6.3%
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 216.15 209.48 841 -4.5%
36 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 193.70 209.23 467 6.5%
37 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.26 208.06 577 -12.5%
38 Fudan University, China 184.73 206.36 496 10.1%
39 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 233.72 203.01 587 -14.4%
40 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 188.13 200.74 572 5.2%
41 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 203.43 200.17 518 -3.0%
42 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 182.33 197.44 474 6.7%
43 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 203.03 189.86 748 -7.8%
44 Osaka University, Japan 196.71 188.74 493 -5.4%
45 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 176.35 187.28 684 4.7%
46 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 201.29 185.58 540 -9.1%
47 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 210.00 182.07 589 -14.5%
48 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.42 181.14 622 -1.6%
49 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 169.17 177.86 654 3.6%
50 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 181.09 175.48 424 -4.5%
51 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 135.74 171.62 497 24.6%
52 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 167.13 170.97 519 0.8%
53 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 128.21 170.93 555 31.4%
54 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.50 166.14 468 -0.5%
55 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.60 164.94 551 3.8%
56 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.97 164.43 462 -2.4%
57 Soochow University, China 150.07 161.36 307 6.0%
58 Wuhan University (WHU), China 122.07 161.32 358 30.2%
59 Nankai University (NKU), China 152.97 156.65 439 0.9%
60 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 136.19 156.18 629 13.0%
61 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.03 154.01 483 27.5%
62 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 128.10 153.65 297 18.2%
63 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 157.77 152.95 317 -4.4%
64 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 117.52 152.26 392 27.7%
65 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 145.03 151.15 517 2.7%
66 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 144.89 149.82 469 1.9%
67 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 145.62 148.92 408 0.8%
68 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 145.87 148.58 426 0.4%
69 McGill University, Canada 174.11 148.03 525 -16.2%
70 Xiamen University (XMU), China 124.40 146.20 271 15.8%
71 Tohoku University, Japan 175.48 142.81 398 -19.8%
72 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.21 140.82 560 -8.2%
73 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 109.49 137.06 333 23.4%
74 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 145.71 135.60 505 -8.3%
75 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.31 132.31 477 -10.3%
76 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.72 131.25 630 6.3%
77 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 138.53 130.47 353 -7.2%
78 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 144.15 129.89 595 -11.2%
79 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 156.65 129.59 415 -18.5%
80 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.00 127.44 548 -0.3%
81 Sichuan University (SCU), China 101.98 126.91 243 22.7%
82 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 130.27 122.79 412 -7.1%
83 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116.00 121.74 406 3.4%
84 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 134.66 121.60 318 -11.0%
85 Nagoya University, Japan 132.62 121.18 373 -9.9%
86 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.13 120.31 335 3.0%
87 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 134.44 120.30 391 -11.8%
88 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 113.67 119.48 489 3.6%
89 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 119.08 119.23 387 -1.3%
90 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 100.59 118.88 316 16.5%
91 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 121.21 116.94 288 -4.9%
92 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 106.07 116.51 398 8.3%
93 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.32 116.17 275 -3.2%
94 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 91.91 115.78 289 24.2%
95 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.36 112.55 275 8.4%
96 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 112.12 372 5.9%
97 Monash University, Australia 132.42 112.09 412 -16.6%
98 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 111.41 396 -6.1%
99 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.33 110.70 232 1.7%
100 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 101.19 110.48 324 7.6%
101 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 101.21 108.77 200 5.9%
102 Sorbonne University, France 106.13 108.40 1,081 0.7%
103 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 101.84 106.87 319 3.4%
104 University of Göttingen, Germany 97.99 105.17 321 5.8%
105 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.09 104.19 294 3.6%
106 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.46 102.88 326 -17.2%
107 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 95.65 102.77 336 5.9%
108 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.69 102.05 367 -12.3%
109 Jilin University (JLU), China 89.93 101.49 233 11.2%
110 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 106.05 101.06 290 -6.1%
111 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 95.40 100.88 278 4.2%
112 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 101.10 100.37 270 -2.1%
113 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.95 97.53 439 1.2%
114 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 77.86 97.39 187 23.3%
115 Kyushu University, Japan 113.98 97.34 317 -15.8%
116 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 111.01 95.73 514 -15.0%
117 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.76 95.47 320 25.9%
118 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 86.95 93.85 473 6.4%
119 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 91.71 93.58 409 0.6%
120 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.15 93.56 366 -2.0%
121 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72.87 93.55 359 26.5%
122 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.91 92.34 350 -2.0%
123 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 78.67 91.67 176 14.8%
124 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.95 91.12 299 -4.4%
125 TU Dresden, Germany 84.68 90.93 407 5.8%
126 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 75.80 90.77 307 18.0%
127 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 99.97 90.48 489 -10.8%
128 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.14 89.24 350 -1.3%
129 Hunan University (HNU), China 82.74 89.20 164 6.3%
130 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 73.28 88.60 209 19.2%
131 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 84.14 88.22 256 3.3%
132 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.20 257 5.1%
133 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 76.18 87.77 254 13.6%
134 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 100.36 87.29 211 -14.3%
135 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 86.52 279 6.3%
136 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 76.76 86.29 185 10.8%
137 Leiden University, Netherlands 81.25 85.96 335 4.3%
138 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 106.64 85.33 261 -21.1%
139 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 102.73 85.28 304 -18.2%
140 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 86.77 84.53 170 -4.0%
141 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 80.64 84.43 272 3.2%
142 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.93 83.96 324 -13.7%
143 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 91.86 82.67 320 -11.3%
144 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 86.90 82.42 177 -6.5%
145 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 81.14 82.19 341 -0.2%
146 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.43 82.16 502 4.6%
147 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 70.73 81.92 361 14.2%
148 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.63 81.78 227 -13.0%
149 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 73.98 81.75 361 8.9%
150 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.10 80.98 255 -16.1%
151 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.73 80.46 339 -10.6%
152 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 76.15 80.21 394 3.8%
153 Tianjin University (TJU), China 69.54 79.07 396 12.1%
154 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 90.76 78.90 340 -14.3%
155 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 72.03 78.71 296 7.7%
156 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.86 78.13 257 -10.3%
157 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 76.87 77.86 536 -0.2%
158 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 63.00 77.62 164 21.4%
159 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.50 477 -20.0%
160 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.45 77.05 418 6.3%
161 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.64 323 -6.8%
162 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.86 76.44 361 2.0%
163 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.04 76.42 256 0.4%
164 Tongji University, China 59.76 76.32 247 25.9%
165 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.93 76.22 226 27.5%
166 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.43 75.90 281 4.7%
167 Southeast University (SEU), China 66.07 75.87 140 13.2%
168 University of Paris, France 68.73 74.73 789 7.2%
169 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.80 74.70 233 -5.4%
170 Yonsei University, South Korea 91.10 74.24 207 -19.7%
171 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.33 74.18 207 -17.2%
172 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 76.67 73.01 270 -6.1%
173 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 58.75 72.52 189 21.7%
174 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 46.24 71.88 175 53.2%
175 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 81.86 71.68 357 -13.7%
176 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.73 71.54 749 -1.7%
177 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.16 71.15 346 -1.4%
178 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 57.31 70.28 300 20.9%
179 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 71.35 69.50 480 -4.0%
180 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 64.95 69.13 301 4.9%
181 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 57.66 68.73 210 17.5%
182 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 77.92 68.65 263 -13.2%
183 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.34 68.63 332 -14.7%
184 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.51 68.53 160 -5.5%
185 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 82.86 68.30 186 -18.8%
186 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.64 68.23 204 119.5%
187 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.34 68.04 235 -8.6%
188 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 68.12 67.98 217 -1.6%
189 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.56 67.96 347 10.6%
190 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.33 67.78 173 -15.8%
191 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 60.92 67.40 245 9.0%
192 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.33 67.17 160 4.5%
193 University of Vienna, Austria 61.46 67.04 222 7.5%
194 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.20 66.96 136 -1.8%
195 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 65.54 66.30 256 -0.3%
196 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 66.08 282 -4.7%
197 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 45.60 65.58 126 41.7%
198 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.87 64.51 290 -7.7%
199 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 72.62 64.16 275 -12.9%
200 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 66.98 64.11 315 -5.7%
201 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 64.44 63.75 166 -2.5%
202 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.91 152 -18.0%
203 Southwest University (SWU), China 43.01 62.75 93 43.8%
204 Keio University, Japan 68.69 62.11 132 -10.9%
205 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 60.79 62.11 237 0.7%
206 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 63.16 62.01 314 -3.2%
207 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 70.99 61.73 210 -14.3%
208 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 58.62 61.45 231 3.3%
209 Université PSL, France 58.35 60.82 635 2.7%
210 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.70 60.82 338 15.9%
211 University of Lyon, France 63.62 60.74 446 -5.9%
212 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.74 177 -10.4%
213 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 69.72 60.22 312 -14.9%
214 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 65.06 59.47 249 -9.9%
215 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 57.95 58.71 594 -0.1%
216 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 58.15 211 5.5%
217 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 68.83 58.02 259 -16.9%
218 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.71 57.83 149 43.6%
219 University of Strasbourg, France 64.72 57.49 432 -12.4%
220 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.50 57.10 169 -2.1%
221 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.22 56.92 267 11.7%
222 Korea University, South Korea 62.43 56.43 237 -10.9%
223 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.62 56.39 158 9.8%
224 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.38 56.11 187 -0.1%
225 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.35 55.89 354 -27.9%
226 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 55.34 199 8.1%
227 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 70.04 55.07 215 -22.5%
228 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.77 54.97 444 6.7%
229 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 56.09 54.73 216 -3.8%
230 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.04 197 9.0%
231 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.88 317 7.0%
232 Beihang University (BUAA), China 50.01 53.84 241 6.1%
233 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 69.22 53.66 336 -23.6%
234 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 61.25 53.54 181 -13.8%
235 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 56.16 53.50 189 -6.1%
236 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.07 53.49 156 -0.6%
237 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 48.08 53.13 106 8.9%
238 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.09 53.04 139 -3.4%
239 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.94 197 19.6%
240 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 34.39 52.39 79 50.2%
241 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 53.84 52.15 112 -4.5%
242 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 44.85 51.92 224 14.1%
243 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.89 51.88 165 55.5%
244 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 42.45 50.75 139 17.8%
245 University of Toulouse, France 50.73 50.51 393 -1.9%
246 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 47.22 49.99 125 4.4%
247 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93 151 4.0%
248 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 44.42 48.81 193 8.3%
249 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 48.19 384 11.4%
250 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 56.70 47.83 138 -16.9%
251 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.66 47.78 149 -1.2%
252 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 49.23 47.75 246 -4.4%
253 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.97 47.65 453 0.0%
254 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 47.45 140 -15.8%
255 Western University (UWO), Canada 44.20 47.27 121 5.4%
256 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.94 47.24 109 -8.6%
257 McMaster University, Canada 49.30 47.24 113 -5.6%
258 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 41.00 47.21 221 13.5%
259 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 42.48 47.15 136 9.4%
260 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.06 130 0.0%
261 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 65.01 45.93 154 -30.4%
262 Central South University (CSU), China 25.56 45.86 121 76.9%
263 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 56.56 45.81 221 -20.2%
264 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 52.14 45.65 188 -13.7%
265 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 43.50 45.58 157 3.3%
266 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.48 44.92 286 -10.5%
267 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 56.09 44.79 123 -21.3%
268 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.42 250 -1.8%
269 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.65 43.85 156 -1.0%
270 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.80 43.84 146 -7.7%
271 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81 101 -21.5%
272 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 34.26 43.22 135 24.4%
273 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.15 43.02 133 20.6%
274 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 28.62 42.97 82 48.0%
275 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 38.45 42.90 121 10.0%
276 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 34.26 42.73 248 22.9%
277 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.13 42.70 137 -4.6%
278 University of Montpellier, France 43.08 42.54 347 -2.7%
279 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.96 216 40.4%
280 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 56.65 41.95 380 -27.0%
281 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.70 212 -9.7%
282 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 40.21 41.70 277 2.2%
283 Shanghai University (SHU), China 32.68 41.50 100 25.2%
284 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 34.36 41.38 87 18.7%
285 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 41.27 169 -16.0%
286 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.45 41.20 89 -17.9%
287 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.91 41.19 101 10.0%
288 Aalto University, Finland 45.73 41.05 213 -11.5%
289 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.40 40.87 304 4.9%
290 University of Stuttgart, Germany 47.00 40.76 120 -14.5%
291 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 44.44 40.53 118 -10.1%
292 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 25.82 40.37 110 54.1%
293 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.21 390 6.0%
294 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 25.50 40.12 66 55.1%
295 University of Tsukuba, Japan 61.92 40.09 220 -36.2%
296 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 34.17 40.05 127 15.5%
297 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 39.33 40.02 219 0.3%
298 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 31.79 39.75 166 23.2%
299 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.64 39.34 173 -2.2%
300 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.19 38.92 92 3.2%
301 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.21 38.47 158 -12.2%
302 Chongqing University (CQU), China 30.66 38.38 99 23.4%
303 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.02 38.37 160 -3.1%
304 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.15 38.33 116 -5.9%
305 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 34.12 38.09 226 10.0%
306 University of Bordeaux, France 31.99 38.05 249 17.2%
307 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.75 37.98 200 -5.8%
308 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.10 37.72 105 23.5%
309 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 34.99 37.48 85 5.6%
310 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 35.42 37.36 101 4.0%
311 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 38.88 36.73 69 -6.9%
312 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 43.54 36.39 94 -17.6%
313 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 26.22 36.29 141 36.4%
314 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.58 36.17 168 16.6%
315 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 49.21 35.96 192 -28.0%
316 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.50 111 27.5%
317 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 39.80 35.35 121 -12.5%
318 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.46 35.23 281 42.0%
319 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 37.81 34.85 133 -9.2%
320 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 23.93 34.78 226 43.3%
321 Northwest University (NWU), China 28.02 34.63 56 21.8%
322 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.58 192 1.4%
323 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 36.69 34.57 159 -7.1%
324 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 20.72 34.38 66 63.5%
325 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 39.59 34.35 202 -14.5%
326 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.23 34.30 85 -1.2%
327 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 25.51 34.05 73 31.6%
328 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.20 33.96 109 83.9%
329 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 17.12 33.63 137 93.6%
330 Ulm University, Germany 37.68 33.59 135 -12.1%
331 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.62 33.29 169 -12.8%
332 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.05 33.29 159 -0.7%
333 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.12 33.25 214 20.8%
334 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 28.02 33.07 55 16.3%
335 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 30.08 32.96 117 8.0%
336 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.90 107 21.6%
337 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.82 103 -10.0%
338 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.66 32.72 166 30.8%
339 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 29.76 32.72 117 8.4%
340 Waseda University, Japan 26.51 32.47 145 20.7%
341 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.43 32.19 159 -5.1%
342 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 23.26 31.99 67 35.6%
343 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.84 31.94 97 32.0%
344 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.81 124 -8.2%
345 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.78 31.54 113 -2.2%
346 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.76 31.44 160 20.3%
347 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 25.67 31.37 138 20.4%
348 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 26.53 31.35 81 16.5%
349 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 21.05 31.25 46 46.3%
350 Jinan University (JNU), China 18.47 30.81 102 64.4%
351 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.91 30.70 126 -24.2%
352 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.54 106 10.2%
353 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45 115 -25.3%
354 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 40.44 30.30 113 -26.2%
355 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.81 30.19 286 3.3%
356 Curtin University, Australia 37.35 30.17 133 -20.4%
357 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 32.82 29.66 83 -10.9%
358 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.54 29.51 309 -4.8%
359 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 30.51 29.50 52 -4.7%
360 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.11 29.43 72 -9.7%
361 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 20.41 29.37 99 41.9%
362 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.63 29.21 108 16.9%
363 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 29.12 118 12.5%
364 Okayama University, Japan 25.76 28.97 144 10.9%
365 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 31.10 28.91 108 -8.4%
366 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.55 28.64 76 10.5%
367 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.21 74 15.2%
368 Kobe University, Japan 30.21 28.13 138 -8.2%
369 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.08 28.00 321 -14.0%
370 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 20.73 27.49 182 30.7%
371 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 28.96 27.42 70 -6.6%
372 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.89 27.14 40 79.6%
373 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 20.96 27.11 96 27.5%
374 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.08 99 13.2%
375 Shanxi University (SXU), China 18.59 27.00 79 43.2%
376 Laval University (UL), Canada 23.65 26.97 109 12.4%
377 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 21.27 26.70 75 23.7%
378 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.20 26.70 105 -3.3%
379 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 36.87 26.69 64 -28.6%
380 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 28.60 26.67 95 -8.1%
381 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.19 26.41 86 7.6%
382 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 25.44 26.27 69 1.7%
383 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 26.24 99 -17.6%
384 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.48 26.22 179 -9.2%
385 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 36.33 25.97 155 -29.6%
386 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.99 25.88 82 6.3%
387 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.73 222 5.4%
388 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 20.93 25.59 167 20.5%
389 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 29.44 25.53 41 -14.5%
390 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.37 25.51 83 23.5%
391 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 21.25 25.45 78 18.1%
392 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 21.77 25.44 94 15.1%
393 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 29.46 25.36 58 -15.2%
394 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.70 25.35 85 -2.8%
395 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.08 25.31 246 -7.9%
396 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 31.42 25.18 77 -21.0%
397 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.23 25.02 66 1.7%
398 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 24.91 64 -21.2%
399 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87 54 49.2%
400 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 13.37 24.85 44 83.2%
401 Queen's University, Canada 29.22 24.78 70 -16.4%
402 Macquarie University, Australia 21.08 24.61 106 15.0%
403 Griffith University, Australia 21.72 24.60 98 11.7%
404 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.51 87 0.9%
405 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.21 24.05 210 30.2%
406 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.96 97 31.2%
407 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.17 23.72 152 15.9%
408 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 14.77 23.59 49 57.5%
409 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 25.00 23.52 61 -7.3%
410 ShanghaiTech University, China 10.09 23.40 131 128.6%
411 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 10.55 23.19 50 116.6%
412 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.98 23.04 157 -5.3%
413 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 31.58 23.00 96 -28.2%
414 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 18.36 22.87 66 22.8%
415 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 17.69 22.79 55 27.0%
416 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 25.07 22.76 72 -10.5%
417 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.51 22.72 276 -12.2%
418 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 27.40 22.48 142 -19.1%
419 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 14.60 22.34 96 50.8%
420 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 24.37 22.31 141 -9.8%
421 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 17.82 22.15 86 22.5%
422 University of Potsdam, Germany 34.96 21.94 107 -38.2%
423 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.40 21.86 103 5.6%
424 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 18.87 21.54 65 12.5%
425 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 19.68 21.20 66 6.2%
426 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 17.47 21.17 45 19.5%
427 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 15.16 21.10 61 37.2%
428 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 25.86 20.86 66 -20.5%
429 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 12.82 20.72 46 59.3%
430 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 21.85 20.68 206 -6.7%
431 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 13.88 20.58 48 46.1%
432 University of Manitoba, Canada 16.96 20.58 62 19.6%
433 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 11.51 20.55 57 76.0%
434 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 23.86 20.45 84 -15.5%
435 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 28.24 20.42 126 -28.7%
436 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 23.39 20.40 58 -14.0%
437 Chiba University, Japan 37.65 20.38 75 -46.7%
438 University of Guelph, Canada 20.14 20.31 73 -0.6%
439 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 14.73 20.26 56 35.6%
440 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 13.79 20.24 55 44.7%
441 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 17.44 20.17 33 14.0%
442 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 12.55 19.99 65 57.0%
443 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 14.79 19.94 85 32.8%
444 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 17.40 19.83 152 12.3%
445 University of Siegen, Germany 21.05 19.72 105 -7.6%
446 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 18.92 19.66 60 2.4%
447 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.03 19.65 162 1.8%
448 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 21.10 19.58 83 -8.5%
449 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 20.85 19.58 70 -7.5%
450 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 17.16 19.51 48 12.0%
451 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 16.43 19.49 72 16.9%
452 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 23.42 19.43 142 -18.2%
453 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 20.09 19.37 181 -5.0%
454 University of Jinan (UJN), China 16.89 19.35 31 12.9%
455 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.24 19.20 177 84.9%
456 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 12.15 19.12 91 55.1%
457 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 16.39 18.96 60 14.0%
458 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.00 18.90 49 -6.9%
459 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 24.40 18.84 104 -23.9%
460 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 18.56 18.74 314 -0.5%
461 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 16.29 18.67 75 13.0%
462 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 18.46 18.66 56 -0.3%
463 Henan Normal University, China 20.18 18.51 39 -9.6%
464 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.68 18.45 67 -26.3%
465 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 26.78 18.43 44 -32.2%
466 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 25.62 18.39 95 -29.2%
467 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 9.83 18.34 48 83.8%
468 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 15.53 18.17 28 15.3%
469 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 8.55 18.05 31 108.0%
470 Kumamoto University, Japan 13.03 18.03 52 36.4%
471 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 19.93 18.02 43 -10.9%
472 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 18.10 17.96 112 -2.2%
473 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 20.92 17.86 104 -15.9%
474 Victoria University of Wellington (Victoria), New Zealand 15.67 17.84 81 12.2%
475 Henan University (HENU), China 10.83 17.65 36 60.5%
476 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 16.11 17.57 141 7.5%
477 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 16.60 17.55 82 4.2%
478 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 15.95 17.47 124 8.0%
479 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.71 17.39 58 -35.8%
480 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 15.70 17.33 104 8.8%
481 Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), Japan 17.01 17.28 46 0.1%
482 University of Rennes 1, France 13.82 17.22 144 22.7%
483 Nanchang University (NCU), China 10.84 17.22 57 56.6%
484 Ajou University (AJOU), South Korea 12.77 17.17 44 32.6%
485 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.97 16.99 77 52.7%
486 University of Chile, Chile 14.35 16.94 90 16.4%
487 Army Medical University, China 17.26 16.93 85 -3.3%
488 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.90 16.92 41 40.1%
489 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 21.69 16.87 82 -23.3%
490 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 16.97 16.86 74 -2.0%
491 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 22.67 16.71 47 -27.3%
492 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 14.46 16.58 64 13.0%
493 National Central University (NCU), Taiwan 16.49 16.52 137 -1.3%
494 Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Japan 20.02 16.51 24 -18.7%
495 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 15.99 16.38 82 1.0%
496 Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 17.40 16.26 39 -7.9%
497 University of North Texas (UNT), United States of America (USA) 8.70 16.25 43 84.2%
498 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 22.46 16.23 110 -28.8%
499 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 20.32 16.22 37 -21.3%
500 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 21.06 16.18 69 -24.3%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.