Volume 5

  • No. 9 September 2022

    A history of sustainable intensification

    Intensive crop–livestock systems are productive traditions with deep histories. The archaeological study by Yang and colleagues demonstrates intensification of a pig-and-millet system in North China, similar to the one pictured, where piles of livestock manure dot terraced fields before spring sowing.

    See Yang et al.

  • No. 8 August 2022

    Tracing urban gross polluting cars

    Although air pollution from private cars is substantial, estimates usually focus on only a few vehicles and miss the impact of the full driving cycle. Using GPS traces, Böhm and colleagues model emissions from thousands of private cars in three European cities and identify those responsible for the greatest quantity of emissions, as well as grossly polluted roads.

    See Böhm et al.

  • No. 7 July 2022

    Tuna trash

    Nearly half of the debris from the tuna fishing industry in the Indian and Atlantic Oceans ends up being abandoned, lost or discarded at sea. By taking into account regional currents, Imzilen and colleagues find that a substantial portion of this pollution passes near major ports that can be staging grounds for coastal debris recovery.

    See Imzilen et al.

  • No. 6 June 2022

    Ultrafast desalination

    Finding more efficient membranes for water desalination can increase the availability of clean water with reduced environmental impacts. Jiang and colleagues show that a membrane design based on a covalent organic framework can address the problem of low permeation flux and achieve ultrafast desalination.

    See Wang et al.

  • No. 5 May 2022

    Tropical forest carbon loss

    Tropical forests store huge reserves of carbon but are under growing assault. Using satellite data, Zeng and colleagues show that annual carbon loss in tropical forests more than doubled between 2001 and 2019. Agricultural activities are driving most of this loss.

    See Feng et al.

  • No. 4 April 2022

    Aluminium demand of green power

    Decarbonizing electricity production will require a dramatic scaling up of solar photovoltaic capacity. Lennon and colleagues detail what effect this ramp up of solar-powered electricity will have on global aluminium demand and the associated environmental risks.

    See Lennon et al.

  • No. 3 March 2022

    Greening batteries

    The rapid proliferation of batteries in a wide range of applications has put problems with their sustainability under greater public scrutiny. In this issue we highlight research on emerging cell chemistry and cathode materials that addresses the worrying reliance on lithium and cobalt, as well as a Review Article on sensing techniques to monitor the health of batteries for extended lifespan.

    See Editorial

  • No. 2 February 2022

    Western Indian Ocean coral reefs’ vulnerability assessed

    Ecosystems worldwide are increasingly under threat. Obura and colleagues used a standardized method to assess the risk of collapse of coral reef ecosystems in the Western Indian Ocean (pictured).

    See Obura et al.

  • No. 1 January 2022

    Costs and benefits of the Great Green Wall

    The Great Green Wall programme aims to restore 100 million hectares of degraded ecosystems across various countries in the Sahel region (pictured). Mirzabaev and colleagues evaluated the economic costs and benefits of future land restoration projects under this programme.

    See Mirzabaev et al.