Volume 3 Issue 10, October 2020

Volume 3 Issue 10

Dust and infant mortality

Air pollution impacts health globally, but studying this effect is challenging because economic development worsens pollution while bettering health. Burke and colleagues focus on the health effects of distant Saharan dust, unlinked from economic activity, and find that it leads to a large rise in infant mortality.

See Heft-Neal et al.

Image: George Steinmetz. Cover design: Valentina Monaco.

Editorial

Correspondence

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    Hand hygiene is critical for reducing transmission of communicable diseases, as we are so acutely aware during the COVID-19 pandemic. UNICEF has identified behaviour change and knowledge promotion as top strategies for increasing handwashing during this crisis, while acknowledging that millions of people lack the water necessary for handwashing.

    • David M. Hannah
    • , Iseult Lynch
    • , Feng Mao
    • , Joshua D. Miller
    • , Sera L. Young
    •  & Stefan Krause

Reviews

Research

  • Brief Communication |

    Comparing relevant indicators of the Sustainable Development Goals with other indicators of biodiversity trends shows little relation between the two, because the former more strongly reflect socioeconomic indicators.

    • Yiwen Zeng
    • , Sean Maxwell
    • , Rebecca K. Runting
    • , Oscar Venter
    • , James E. M. Watson
    •  & L. Roman Carrasco
  • Article | | Open Access

    To promote sustainable agriculture, small-scale producers must be included in the transformation of food systems. This scoping review finds that non-contract interactions provide producers with services such as credit, information and logistics.

    • Lenis Saweda O. Liverpool-Tasie
    • , Ayala Wineman
    • , Sarah Young
    • , Justice Tambo
    • , Carolina Vargas
    • , Thomas Reardon
    • , Guigonan Serge Adjognon
    • , Jaron Porciello
    • , Nasra Gathoni
    • , Livia Bizikova
    • , Alessandra Galiè
    •  & Ashley Celestin
  • Article | | Open Access

    A more sustainable agriculture is needed to address global food security and environmental degradation. This scoping review surveys the incentives for farmers to adopt sustainable practices benefiting their farms, the environment or both.

    • Valeria Piñeiro
    • , Joaquín Arias
    • , Jochen Dürr
    • , Pablo Elverdin
    • , Ana María Ibáñez
    • , Alison Kinengyere
    • , Cristian Morales Opazo
    • , Nkechi Owoo
    • , Jessica R. Page
    • , Steven D. Prager
    •  & Maximo Torero
  • Article | | Open Access

    Reducing postharvest crop losses is vital to sustainably increase agricultural productivity. This analysis reveals a need for systematic assessment of postharvest loss reduction interventions across the value chain, targeting stakeholders beyond farmers, and for a more diverse range of food crops, to shape future policy decisions.

    • Tanya Stathers
    • , Deirdre Holcroft
    • , Lisa Kitinoja
    • , Brighton M. Mvumi
    • , Alicia English
    • , Oluwatoba Omotilewa
    • , Megan Kocher
    • , Jessica Ault
    •  & Maximo Torero
  • Article | | Open Access

    A geospatial estimate of water scarcity in middle- to low-income countries finds that less than 37% of small-scale farms have irrigation. However, there exist considerable gaps in evidence for most commonly proposed, on-farm interventions.

    • Vincent Ricciardi
    • , Abdrahmane Wane
    • , Balsher Singh Sidhu
    • , Cecile Godde
    • , Divya Solomon
    • , Ellen McCullough
    • , Florian Diekmann
    • , Jaron Porciello
    • , Meha Jain
    • , Nicola Randall
    •  & Zia Mehrabi
  • Article |

    Air pollution harms health but rises with economic activity, which aids health. This study uses long-range Saharan dust to isolate impacts, finding a significant rise in Sub-Saharan infant mortality from particulate pollution.

    • Sam Heft-Neal
    • , Jennifer Burney
    • , Eran Bendavid
    • , Kara K. Voss
    •  & Marshall Burke
  • Article |

    Moral concerns matter for decisions in markets where activities generate negative externalities such as pollution emissions. With controlled experiments in which trading creates pollution, this study shows that a large portion of producers refrain from polluting even at the cost of forgoing profits.

    • Axel Ockenfels
    • , Peter Werner
    •  & Ottmar Edenhofer
  • Analysis |

    Little is known about how human factors influence the patterns of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the intertidal zone, a transitional boundary between terrestrial and marine environments. This study shows that human activities affect both the distribution and the deposition of PAHs.

    • Min Lv
    • , Xiaolin Luan
    • , Chunyang Liao
    • , Dongqi Wang
    • , Dongyan Liu
    • , Gan Zhang
    • , Guibin Jiang
    •  & Lingxin Chen

Amendments & Corrections

Search