Review Articles

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  • The textile industry is energy intensive and releases huge amounts of pollutants to the environment. Here the authors take a life cycle approach to examine the technological progress made to improve the sustainability of each stage and propose the future directions.

    • Lisha Zhang
    • Man Yui Leung
    • Xiaoming Tao
    Review Article
  • Renewable electricity-powered CO2 electroreduction offers a sustainable route to transform the chemical industry. Here the authors overview four CO2 electrolysis pathways that could be immune from carbonate formation, a major technological barrier.

    • Adnan Ozden
    • F. Pelayo García de Arquer
    • David Sinton
    Review Article
  • This article reviews the past decade of literature reporting the application of resilience science in sustainable development practice. Although innovative complexity-oriented practices have emerged, the article shows that dominant applications diverge substantially from the science.

    • Belinda Reyers
    • Michele-Lee Moore
    • Maja Schlüter
    Review Article
  • Today’s energy systems rely on rechargeable batteries but the growing demand raises environmental concerns. As more data become available, sensing can play a key role in advancing utilization strategies for new and used lithium-ion devices. This Review discusses how optical sensors can help to improve the sustainability of batteries.

    • Jiaqiang Huang
    • Steven T. Boles
    • Jean-Marie Tarascon
    Review Article
  • Emergency frames in sustainability debates can stimulate collective action on issues for which it is lacking but can have consequences. This Review examines the political effects of emergency frames in sustainability and develops a typology of different effects to build a shared vocabulary for analysis and decision-making.

    • James Patterson
    • Carina Wyborn
    • Dhanasree Jayaram
    Review Article
  • The transfer of public funds between governments within a country based on ecological indicators is an emerging tool in environmental policy. A review of extant and proposed schemes identifies challenges and opportunities to expand the use of this instrument.

    • Jonah Busch
    • Irene Ring
    • Kecen Zhou
    Review Article
  • Photoreforming is a sunlight-driven technology that can simultaneously reclaim the value in waste and contribute to renewable hydrogen production. This Review examines the advantages and challenges and identifies ways forward.

    • Taylor Uekert
    • Christian M. Pichler
    • Erwin Reisner
    Review Article
  • Biodeterioration of stone monuments and buildings can lead to a loss of world cultural heritage. This Review discusses the role of microbes in the deterioration processes, the biochemical mechanisms involved and possible strategies for sustainable conservation of stone monuments and buildings.

    • Xiaobo Liu
    • Robert J. Koestler
    • Ji-Dong Gu
    Review Article
  • Fungi-derived material can substitute for leather. This Review synthesizes information on this process and its environmental and ethical benefits.

    • Mitchell Jones
    • Antoni Gandia
    • Alexander Bismarck
    Review Article
  • Converging evidence indicates that SARS-CoVs are present in wastewater for several days with potential health risks. This Review analyses knowledge about such risks as well as the potential spread of SARS-CoVs in waterborne, waterborne–aerosolized and waterborne–foodborne pathways during a pandemic.

    • Anne Bogler
    • Aaron Packman
    • Edo Bar-Zeev
    Review Article
  • Culture influences low-carbon energy transitions and as a result should be considered in the design of relevant policies. Focusing on a selection of low-carbon technologies and behavioural practices, this Review highlights the role of culture with respect to different dimensions of sustainability.

    • Benjamin K. Sovacool
    • Steve Griffiths
    Review Article
  • The ocean genome is the genetic material present in marine biodiversity. While technological advances are enabling exploration, conservation and innovation of this resource, the associated capacities are inequitably distributed among countries.

    • R. Blasiak
    • R. Wynberg
    • C. C. C. Wabnitz
    Review Article
  • A review of marine spatial planning literature identifies links with climate change and gaps in the practical integration of both concepts.

    • Catarina Frazão Santos
    • Tundi Agardy
    • Rui Rosa
    Review Article
  • A literature review on transboundary freshwater cooperation and conflict finds the former prevails, followed by non-violent conflict. Despite greater understanding of drivers, analysis of recent events and better datasets are needed.

    • Thomas Bernauer
    • Tobias Böhmelt
    Review Article
  • The world is urbanizing. This Review assesses impacts of urban growth on habitat and biodiversity, finding direct impacts more in high-income countries while indirect impacts affect more land but are lesser studied.

    • Robert I. McDonald
    • Andressa V. Mansur
    • Carly Ziter
    Review Article
  • Sustainability is a function of environmental, economic and social integration. This Review synthesizes knowledge on the many ways biodiversity can support sustainable development.

    • Malgorzata Blicharska
    • Richard J. Smithers
    • William J. Sutherland
    Review Article
  • A review of studies on exposure to elevated CO2 concentrations in air suggests that health damages, such as inflammation or reductions in cognitive abilities, can occur at levels as low as 1,000 ppm.

    • Tyler A. Jacobson
    • Jasdeep S. Kler
    • William E. Funk
    Review Article