Brief Communications

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  • Brief Communication |

    Climate change is driving fishery stocks out of their historic ranges. This study finds that the risk of such fishery exits is greatest in the tropics and that policy frameworks are poorly equipped to grapple with this challenge.

    • Kimberly L. Oremus
    • , Jennifer Bone
    • , Christopher Costello
    • , Jorge García Molinos
    • , Alice Lee
    • , Tracey Mangin
    •  & James Salzman
  • Brief Communication |

    Adoption of air conditioning is increasing globally, leading to peaks in electricity consumption and related environmental concerns. Compiling recent data on population and temperature, this study ranks 219 countries and 1,692 cities based on a measure of cooling demand to improve our understanding of future trends.

    • Léopold T. Biardeau
    • , Lucas W. Davis
    • , Paul Gertler
    •  & Catherine Wolfram
  • Brief Communication |

    Recently, ecologists have begun discussing an idea for setting aside half of the Earth for conservation purposes. This study provides some of the first analysis of the impacts of doing so on society, based on assumptions about ecoregions and human footprint.

    • Judith Schleicher
    • , Julie G. Zaehringer
    • , Constance Fastré
    • , Bhaskar Vira
    • , Piero Visconti
    •  & Chris Sandbrook
  • Brief Communication |

    Reducing agriculture’s impacts while increasing outputs is challenging. This study, of an Indian smallholder system, shows that microsatellite data can detect yield gains from a low-cost fertilizer intervention.

    • Meha Jain
    • , Balwinder-Singh
    • , Preeti Rao
    • , Amit K. Srivastava
    • , Shishpal Poonia
    • , Jennifer Blesh
    • , George Azzari
    • , Andrew J. McDonald
    •  & David B. Lobell
  • Brief Communication |

    Updated forest inventories are critical for policymaking. This study presents an approach to map coordinated top-down European forest management strategies that spatially weighs the multifunctionality of European forests. Such an approach should help identify pathways to manage forests sustainably.

    • Gert-Jan Nabuurs
    • , Peter Verweij
    • , Michiel Van Eupen
    • , Marta Pérez-Soba
    • , Helga Pülzl
    •  & Kees Hendriks
  • Brief Communication |

    Waste plastic can be converted into a potential fuel source using a new nano-scale catalyst. This catalyst has well-defined and uniform surface openings, so it needs only one step to convert low-density polyethylene into a gasoline-type product.

    • Zheng Zhang
    • , Kinga Gora-Marek
    • , Jonathan S. Watson
    • , Jinsen Tian
    • , Matthew R. Ryder
    • , Karolina A. Tarach
    • , Lidia López-Pérez
    • , Joaquin Martínez-Triguero
    •  & Ignacio Melián-Cabrera
  • Brief Communication |

    The Sustainable Development Goals agenda is proposed as an interconnected framework that requires policy coherence for implementation. This study shows that the connections across goals are uneven and that gender equality, peace and governance concerns are not adequately integrated.

    • Philip J. K. McGowan
    • , Gavin B. Stewart
    • , Graham Long
    •  & Matthew J. Grainger
  • Brief Communication |

    US coastlines that are exposed to hurricanes are subject to a myriad of regulations regarding building and rebuilding of structures, yet satellite imagery shows that the footprint of residential buildings increases after hurricane events for both new and renovated structures. Such an effect poses a challenge for vulnerable coastlines to build resilience in the face of growing hazards and houses.

    • Eli D. Lazarus
    • , Patrick W. Limber
    • , Evan B. Goldstein
    • , Rosie Dodd
    •  & Scott B. Armstrong
  • Brief Communication |

    In response to continuing habitat and biodiversity loss, leading conservationists have proposed setting aside half the earth for nature. This study evaluates the trade-offs with food production and finds losses in croplands, pasture and calories that vary with the conservation strategy.

    • Zia Mehrabi
    • , Erle C. Ellis
    •  & Navin Ramankutty
  • Brief Communication |

    The implementation of technologic solutions to complex problems can have unintended effects. This study questions the water sustainability of using shade balls in the Los Angeles reservoir to reduce evaporation during the recent drought in California, by assessing the shade balls’ water footprint.

    • Erfan Haghighi
    • , Kaveh Madani
    •  & Arjen Y. Hoekstra
  • Brief Communication |

    A two-wave survey focused on 21 actions shows that the anticipation of a ‘feel-good’ effect is positively associated with proenvironmental behaviours over a four-week period. This association is found to be stronger for low-cost green choices.

    • Sander van der Linden
  • Brief Communication |

    Choosing products like recycled water, artificial meat and insect-based food is hindered by the disgust they elicit. This study finds that using a foreign language to describe such products can increase both their intended and actual consumption.

    • Janet Geipel
    • , Constantinos Hadjichristidis
    •  & Anne-Kathrin Klesse
  • Brief Communication |

    A balanced diet is vital for human health, and the Sustainable Development Goals codify this aim. This study finds that trade helps ensure the equitable distribution of food nutrients globally, with implications for international trade policies.

    • Stephen A. Wood
    • , Matthew R. Smith
    • , Jessica Fanzo
    • , Roseline Remans
    •  & Ruth S. DeFries