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  • Decarbonizing the aviation sector is difficult given travel patterns and technical and economic constraints. Through nine holistic scenarios towards net-zero emissions from aviation by 2050, this study can inform investments and priorities for innovation to achieve a more sustainable aviation sector.

    • Candelaria Bergero
    • Greer Gosnell
    • Steven J. Davis
  • Nature-based solutions for climate adaptation are not comprehensively addressing the climate–biodiversity–society nexus, limiting their capacity to promote urban transformation. However, notable transformative examples of urban nature-based solutions do exist, especially in the Global South.

    • Sean Goodwin
    • Marta Olazabal
    • Unai Pascual
  • A varied repertoire of responses helps manage fluctuations, as in markets. This Perspective argues that society needs to strengthen the diversity of options for responding to disruptions, exploring how this response diversity is expressed, how it can be built and lost, and what we can do to promote it.

    • Brian Walker
    • Anne-Sophie Crépin
    • Jeffrey R. Vincent
  • Owing to the underlying chemical nature of many environmental injustices, green chemistry can play a role in advancing environmental justice towards a more equitable future.

    • Mary Kate M. Lane
    • Holly E. Rudel
    • Julie B. Zimmerman
  • A durable, two-layer coating has been developed for nylon fabrics. The coating’s low coefficient of friction reduces the amount of microplastic fibres released from nylon fabrics during laundering by up to 93%. The coating’s efficacy, and other fabric properties, are maintained after at least nine laundering cycles.

    Research Briefing
  • Seaweed farming is gaining attention as a potential climate change mitigation solution, but how to achieve such potential is uncertain given current knowledge and practice. A study now explores how expanding seaweed farming for wider human use could reduce carbon emissions from agriculture.

    • Heidi K. Alleway
    News & Views
  • Regulating the temperature inside buildings takes a huge amount of energy, but this cost can be reduced with a smart, durable building envelope that can adapt to different temperatures for heat loss control.

    • Meiying Leng
    • Yi Long
    News & Views
  • An aqueous electrochromic device has been developed that enables reversible tuning of its thermal emissivity with minimal electrical power input. The device allows for all-season radiative thermoregulation, leading towards year-round energy savings for buildings.

    Research Briefing
  • Electrochromism provides a means to control transmittance of light for increased energy efficiency of buildings. Here the aqueous electrochromic design features tunable emissivity and allows for all-season radiative thermoregulation.

    • Chenxi Sui
    • Jiankun Pu
    • Po-Chun Hsu
  • The washing processes of synthetic textiles have become one of the main sources of microplastic pollution in the oceans. Here the authors show the rational design of polydimethylsiloxane-coated nylon that releases substantially less microplastic fibres in both dry and wet conditions.

    • Sudip Kumar Lahiri
    • Zahra Azimi Dijvejin
    • Kevin Golovin
  • Diversified renewable energy sources can enable the sustainable operation of multisector resource systems. An artificial intelligence-assisted multi-objective design framework, applied in Ghana, explores optimized management and investment strategies balancing hydropower, bioenergy, solar and wind energies, and their impacts.

    • Jose M. Gonzalez
    • James E. Tomlinson
    • Julien J. Harou
    Article Open Access
  • Philosophers in the Western tradition of virtue ethics have long considered practical wisdom a central virtue. This Perspective suggests that virtue ethics and practical wisdom can enrich the work of sustainability researchers, helping them to navigate the challenges of co-producing knowledge and effecting transformative change.

    • Guido Caniglia
    • R. Freeth
    • C. Vogel
  • Seaweed farming could reduce agriculture’s environmental footprint, but its potential is not well-explored yet. This study shows how globally extended aquaculture can reduce terrestrial crops demand and greenhouse gas emissions while providing a substitute or supplement for food, animal feeds and fuel.

    • Scott Spillias
    • Hugo Valin
    • Eve McDonald-Madden
  • The global economy delivers benefits but affects the environment. A study finds that over the period 1995–2019 the environmental pressures and impacts of EU consumption of goods and services were outsourced to non-EU countries, while the benefits stayed within the EU but were not evenly distributed.

    • Benedikt Bruckner
    • Yuli Shan
    • Klaus Hubacek
  • Nature Sustainability is five. We reflect on what we have achieved so far and our ambitions going forward.

  • The impacts of air pollution on mental health have been previously documented but rarely using nationwide large-scale data. This study investigates the short-term and long-term impacts of air pollution on urbanites’ mental health by leveraging national real-time internet search data in China.

    • Zhi Cao
    • Jingbo Zhou
    • Dejing Dou
    Analysis Open Access
  • The effects of expanding electric vehicle charging stations on housing values are unknown. This study fills the gap with data for California and finds that properties near charging stations show a higher price, while traffic slightly increases and particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions decrease.

    • Jing Liang
    • Yueming (Lucy) Qiu
    • Denise L. Mauzerall
  • Understanding global forces impacting forests is increasingly vital. This study finds that human factors follow climate as the most important factors affecting forest structure globally and are the dominant factor regionally, even in many protected areas and so-called intact forest landscapes.

    • Wang Li
    • Wen-Yong Guo
    • Jens-Christian Svenning
  • Managing landscapes sustainably is challenging given the competing interests of different stakeholder groups. By combining broad ecological data with information on the ecosystem service priorities of multiple stakeholder groups, this study provides a tool to quantify the social impact of land-use changes.

    • Margot Neyret
    • Sophie Peter
    • Peter Manning