Justin Rizzari

Read our August issue

Nature Sustainability publishes significant original research from a broad range of natural, social and engineering fields about sustainability, its policy dimensions and possible solutions.

Latest Research

  • Article |

    Most nutrients in human excreta, if recovered, could offset substantial quantities of synthetic fertilizer use globally and advance food security goals by enhancing circular economies. This study analyses co-location of urban nutrients with nearby agricultural needs in 56 of the world’s largest cities and finds that in locations with high cropland density, nutrient-intensive crops and compact urban area, it would be possible and convenient to reuse human-derived nutrients in agriculture.

    • John T. Trimmer
    •  & Jeremy S. Guest
  • Article |

    Poaching undermines the effectiveness of marine protected areas, where enforcement capacity is limited. In this study, fishers adjacent to MPAs were surveyed, and it was found that about half had observed poaching, but that most do not react so as to avoid conflict, or because they feel that this is either not their responsibility or that poaching is a survival strategy.

    • Brock J. Bergseth
    • , Georgina G. Gurney
    • , Michele L. Barnes
    • , Adrian Arias
    •  & Joshua E. Cinner
  • Perspective |

    The decades-long movement for sustainable seafood is centred on a ‘theory of change’ that emphasizes third-party initiatives for certification and consumer signalling. The evolution of that theory, and its potential futures, shows the challenges of management and co-ordination with multiple actors.

    • C. A. Roheim
    • , S. R. Bush
    • , F. Asche
    • , J. N. Sanchirico
    •  & H. Uchida
  • Review Article |

    Climate change and intensive agricultural management will interact to increase nitrogen (N) losses from agriculture. This Review analyses the processes underlying potential agricultural N responses to climate change, proposes a set of principles to help decrease N losses in the future and describes the economic factors that could affect their implementation.

    • Timothy M. Bowles
    • , Shady S. Atallah
    • , Eleanor E. Campbell
    • , Amélie C. M. Gaudin
    • , William R. Wieder
    •  & A. Stuart Grandy
  • Brief Communication |

    In response to continuing habitat and biodiversity loss, leading conservationists have proposed setting aside half the earth for nature. This study evaluates the trade-offs with food production and finds losses in croplands, pasture and calories that vary with the conservation strategy.

    • Zia Mehrabi
    • , Erle C. Ellis
    •  & Navin Ramankutty

News & Comment

  • Editorial |

    The latest United Nations review leaves no doubt, countries need to step up efforts and act fast if they want to achieve the Global Goals by 2030.

  • News & Views |

    A grand plan to devote half the planet to nature could create conflicts with farming. A global analysis locates the countries and ecoregions where scaling up habitat protection will be most difficult.

    • Benjamin T. Phalan
  • Comment |

    The paired watershed approach is the most popular tool for quantifying the effects of forest watershed management on water sustainability. But this approach does not often address the critical factor of water stored in the landscape. Future work needs to quantify storage in paired watershed studies to inform sustainable water management.

    • J. J. McDonnell
    • , J. Evaristo
    • , K. D. Bladon
    • , J. Buttle
    • , I. F. Creed
    • , S. F. Dymond
    • , G. Grant
    • , A. Iroume
    • , C. R. Jackson
    • , J. A. Jones
    • , T. Maness
    • , K. J. McGuire
    • , D. F. Scott
    • , C. Segura
    • , R. C. Sidle
    •  & C. Tague
  • News & Views |

    Renewable energies are on the rise worldwide, but they have to compete against established fossil energies. Lifting import tariffs on selected inputs for renewables can foster the transition to these energies.

    • Sebastian Strunz