image by Juan Carlos Villaseñor-Derbez

Read our March issue

Nature Sustainability publishes significant original research from a broad range of natural, social and engineering fields about sustainability, its policy dimensions and possible solutions.

Latest Research

  • Article |

    Cleaner hydrogen production can help energy sustainability. The use of yeast biomass-derived materials to develop efficient, eco-friendly and economical catalysts—compared with industrially adopted catalysts—is shown to improve hydrogen production as a strategy towards a sustainable energy system.

    • Jitendra N. Tiwari
    • , Ngoc Kim Dang
    • , Siraj Sultan
    • , Pandiarajan Thangavel
    • , Hu Young Jeong
    •  & Kwang S. Kim
  • Analysis |

    The sustainability of wild fisheries is limited by the capture of non-target species. This study estimates that such ‘bycatch’ from US fisheries totalled 1.93 million tonnes in 2010–2015, with a 10.5% discard rate. Despite considerable improvements, certain longline, trawl and gillnet fisheries have persistent bycatch issues.

    • Matthew S. Savoca
    • , Stephanie Brodie
    • , Heather Welch
    • , Aimee Hoover
    • , Lee R. Benaka
    • , Steven J. Bograd
    •  & Elliott L. Hazen
  • Article |

    Carbon use often tracks economic development. This study finds the top 5% of Chinese households by income have 17% of the nation’s carbon ‘footprint’ in 2012 but that such inequality declined with China’s economic growth.

    • Zhifu Mi
    • , Jiali Zheng
    • , Jing Meng
    • , Jiamin Ou
    • , Klaus Hubacek
    • , Zhu Liu
    • , D’Maris Coffman
    • , Nicholas Stern
    • , Sai Liang
    •  & Yi-Ming Wei
  • Article |

    Natural disaster risk assessments neglect impacts on households’ well-being. A model to quantify disaster impacts more equitably shows that, in a hypothetical earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area, poorer households suffer 19% of the asset losses but 41% of the well-being losses.

    • Maryia Markhvida
    • , Brian Walsh
    • , Stephane Hallegatte
    •  & Jack Baker
  • Article |

    Synthetic detergents are environmentally damaging and eco-friendly alternatives would help reduce environmental impacts. This study shows a more sustainable detergent, based on cellulose nanospheres obtained from agricultural waste corncob, with strong cleaning performance and low toxicity.

    • Bin Liu
    • , Tao Li
    • , Wenya Wang
    • , Leonard M. C. Sagis
    • , Qipeng Yuan
    • , Xingen Lei
    • , Martien A. Cohen Stuart
    • , Dan Li
    • , Cheng Bao
    • , Jie Bai
    • , Zhengquan Yu
    • , Fazheng Ren
    •  & Yuan Li

News & Comment

  • News & Views |

    Large hydropower infrastructure is being built along environmentally sensitive tropical rivers. An analysis in Amazonia shows that climate change and forest cover must be considered when planning hydropower infrastructure.

    • Marcos Heil Costa
  • News & Views |

    Can economic growth be made greener, or must we look beyond growth to achieve sustainability? An important new study shows that the pursuit of ‘green growth’ would increase inequality and unemployment unless accompanied by radical social policies.

    • Daniel W. O’Neill
  • News & Views |

    Increasing pressure for communities to conserve wildlife in mixtures with livestock faces scepticism about whether such management is sustainable. The study by Sitters et al. shows that wildlife–livestock coexistence may be sustainable, but only if megaherbivores are included.

    • Mark E. Ritchie
  • Editorial |

    Measuring the full set of society’s assets is critical to the design of policies for a sustainable future.

  • Editorial |

    Engineering approaches to wastewater treatment must aim for more than improved efficiency.