Review Articles

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  • Entropy is central to statistical physics, but it has multiple meanings. This Review clarifies the strengths of each use and the connections between them, seeking to bolster crosstalk between researchers and to emphasize the power of inference for non-equilibrium physics.

    • Jonathan Asher Pachter
    • Ying-Jen Yang
    • Ken A. Dill
    Review Article
  • Dipolar many-body systems provide a promising platform to study quantum phases and exotic phenomena such as dipolar liquids, dipolar solids and superfluids. This Review discusses dipolar many-body complexes and their interactions in 2D stacked transition metal dichalcogenide heterobilayers and offers insights into the unique properties of various exciton species.

    • Xueqian Sun
    • Ermin Malic
    • Yuerui Lu
    Review Article
  • This Review covers the intriguing physics behind orbital angular momentum lasers, summarizing the exciting prospects at the interface between structured light and structured matter.

    • Andrew Forbes
    • Light Mkhumbuza
    • Liang Feng
    Review Article
  • Non-fullerene acceptors have boosted the development of organic photovoltaics. This Review highlights the photophysics and device physics of non-fullerene organic photovoltaics, including exciton generation, diffusion, transport, separation and charge recombination.

    • Jiayu Wang
    • Yuan Xie
    • Xiaowei Zhan
    Review Article
  • Developing photodetectors that work across the electromagnetic spectrum remains a challenge, and there are many trade-offs to be considered, including speed, efficiency, noise, spectral detection range and cost. This Review discusses the photophysical attributes of the active materials that define the interrelated aspects of response amplitude and temporal dynamics in photodetectors.

    • Amin Morteza Najarian
    • Maral Vafaie
    • Edward H. Sargent
    Review Article
  • Similar to acoustic and electromagnetic waves, water waves are classical waves that can be controlled by artificial structures such as water wave crystals and metamaterials. This Review surveys the development of water wave manipulation using artificial structures and describes its potential applications.

    • Shan Zhu
    • Xinyu Zhao
    • Huanyang Chen
    Review Article
  • Structure and function of biological tissues are closely intertwined. This Review surveys the challenges in uncovering critical physical elements involved in the mechanical regulation of curved tissues across different length scales and examines how changes in curvature influence cell functions.

    • Marine Luciano
    • Caterina Tomba
    • Sylvain Gabriele
    Review Article
  • Quantum nanophotonics examines the interaction between emitters and light confined at the nanoscale. This Review highlights the experimental progress in the field, explains new light–matter interaction regimes and emphasizes their potential applications in quantum technologies.

    • Alejandro González-Tudela
    • Andreas Reiserer
    • Francisco J. García-Vidal
    Review Article
  • Complex biological, social and engineering systems operate through intricate connectivity patterns. Understanding their robustness and resilience against disturbances is crucial for applications. This Review addresses systemic breakdown, cascading failures and potential interventions, highlighting the importance of research at the crossroad of statistical physics and machine learning.

    • Oriol Artime
    • Marco Grassia
    • Filippo Radicchi
    Review Article
  • This Review categorizes the physics of many different light-based 3D printing modalities and expounds on the light–matter interactions required for the creation of (multi-)material 3D structures. An outlook is provided regarding key printing performance parameters and future directions.

    • Paul Somers
    • Alexander Münchinger
    • Martin Wegener
    Review Article
  • Advances in superheavy element studies providing insight into the nuclear and atomic structure and the chemical behaviour of these exotic short-lived systems will help push to the limit of the periodic table of elements and revise the concept of the island of stability.

    • Odile R. Smits
    • Christoph E. Düllmann
    • Peter Schwerdtfeger
    Review Article
  • Beyond in vivo models, stem cell-based in vitro models and theoretical models of morphogenesis have been constructed to recapitulate morphogenetic events during embryo development with heightened quantitative specificity. This Review discusses the accomplishments, challenges and opportunities of these models in promoting knowledge of mammalian development, including human development.

    • Yue Liu
    • Xufeng Xue
    • Jianping Fu
    Review Article
  • Non-Hermitian acoustic resonances in open systems provide a versatile platform to manipulate sound–matter interaction. This Review article surveys the fundamental physics of various acoustic resonances and their uses in realizing different acoustic wave-based applications.

    • Lujun Huang
    • Sibo Huang
    • Andrey E. Miroshnichenko
    Review Article
  • Photonic systems provide a versatile platform to explore and use bound states in the continuum. This Review discusses the potential of these states for enhancing light–matter interactions in various applications and investigating the physics of emerging photonic systems.

    • Meng Kang
    • Tao Liu
    • Meng Xiao
    Review Article
  • Energy-recovery linacs are far more efficient than traditional linacs because they directly return the energy of an unused particle beam into RF power that can be used for acceleration. This Review surveys the opportunities and challenges for bringing energy-recovery linacs into the mainstream.

    • Andrew Hutton
    Review Article
  • Kagome materials provide great opportunities for investigating diverse quantum phenomena based on the interplay of topology, electron correlation and magnetism. This Review describes the fundamental physics and properties of contemporary kagome materials and their open questions and future research directions.

    • Yaojia Wang
    • Heng Wu
    • Mazhar N. Ali
    Review Article
  • The superconducting diode effect, in which a nonreciprocal supercurrent is generated, enables new superconducting circuit functionalities. In this Review, we present the recent experimental results in the context of theoretical work and provide an analysis of the intertwining parameters that contribute to this effect.

    • Muhammad Nadeem
    • Michael S. Fuhrer
    • Xiaolin Wang
    Review Article
  • Spin caloritronics explores the interplay among spin, heat and charges in condensed matter towards new thermoelectric functionalities and applications. This Review provides an analysis of the role of spin in enhancing charge-based thermoelectricity, magneto-thermoelectricity and thermospin effects.

    • Guangsai Yang
    • Lina Sang
    • Xiaolin Wang
    Review Article