Image: Brant Robertson, UC Santa Cruz/Institute for Advanced Study. Design: Carl Conway

In the July issue

This month we publish our first Roadmap. Read the editorial to find out more about this article type.

Latest Reviews

  • Review Article |

    The geometric phase is a deep and influential concept in modern physics and related sciences. This Review briefly discusses its origin, mathematical formulation and various forms, some of which are topological; then elaborates on contemporary optical and condensed-matter applications.

    • Eliahu Cohen
    • , Hugo Larocque
    • , Frédéric Bouchard
    • , Farshad Nejadsattari
    • , Yuval Gefen
    •  & Ebrahim Karimi
  • Technical Review |

    This Review describes how acoustic cavitation can be used to improve the delivery of drugs for the treatment of diseases such as cancer and stroke. Methods for seeding cavitation, treatment monitoring, and current and future clinical applications are described.

    • Eleanor Stride
    •  & Constantin Coussios
  • Roadmap |

    The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), an upcoming astronomical survey, will deeply observe the entire southern sky in a broad range of colours. We present the LSST science opportunities and technical challenges in the field of galaxy formation and evolution.

    • Brant E. Robertson
    • , Manda Banerji
    • , Sarah Brough
    • , Roger L. Davies
    • , Henry C. Ferguson
    • , Ryan Hausen
    • , Sugata Kaviraj
    • , Jeffrey A. Newman
    • , Samuel J. Schmidt
    • , J. Anthony Tyson
    •  & Risa H. Wechsler
  • Perspective |

    Although the differential equations that describe the physical climate system are deterministic, there are reasons, both theoretical and practical, why computational representations of these equations should be stochastic. This Perspective surveys the benefits of stochastic modelling of weather and climate.

    • T. N. Palmer
  • Review Article |

    Buckling is the familiar response of thin objects to compression. Less familiar is that small-scale buckles can act as a buffer, enabling objects to access new modes of deformation. This Review illustrates examples of this phenomenon and discusses the physical conditions that make it possible.

    • Dominic Vella
  • Technical Review |

    Quantum aspects of transport through single molecules are observable at room temperature. In this Technical Review, we discuss the different processes and energy scales involved in charge transport through single-molecule junctions, the resulting electronic functionalities and the new possibilities for controlling these functionalities for the realization of nanoscale devices.

    • Pascal Gehring
    • , Jos M. Thijssen
    •  & Herre S. J. van der Zant

News & Comment

  • Research Highlight |

    Quantum information and string theory researchers met at the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics in Kyoto, Japan for a 5-weeks long workshop to discuss the fascinating interface between their fields.

    • Iulia Georgescu
  • Editorial |

    This month we publish our first Roadmap. Here is what readers, authors and referees need to know about this article type.

  • Research Highlight |

    Three publications in Geophysical Research Letters describe details of the Martian climate, including global dust storms and polar ice caps.

    • Laura Zinke
  • Research Highlight |

    NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory mercury ion clock, the Deep-Space Atomic Clock, was launched on June 24 and will spend a year in orbit for stability testing.

    • Iulia Georgescu
  • Comment |

    In positron emission tomography, up to 40% of positron annihilation occurs through the production of positronium atoms in the patient’s body, whose decay could provide information about disease progression. New research is needed to take full advantage of this information.

    • Paweł Moskal
    • , Bożena Jasińska
    • , Ewa Ł. Stępień
    •  & Steven D. Bass
  • Research Highlight |

    New approach based on catalysed crystal growth allowed synthesizing twisted nanowires of van der Waals materials and fine tuning of their topology.

    • Anastasiia Novikova