Volume 5 Issue 9, September 2020

Volume 5 Issue 9

The porous hierarchical structure of wood make it a strong candidate for the design of materials with various functions, including load bearing, multiscale mass transport, and optical and thermal management. In this Review, the composition, structure, characterization methods, modification strategies, properties and applications of natural and modified wood are discussed. See Chen et al.

Cover design: Charlotte Gurr

Comment

  • Comment |

    3D printing enables on-demand solutions for a wide spectrum of needs ranging from personal protection equipment to medical devices and isolation wards. This versatile technology is suited to address supply–demand imbalances caused by socio-economic trends and disruptions in supply chains.

    • Yu Ying Clarrisa Choong
    • , Hong Wei Tan
    • , Deven C. Patel
    • , Wan Ting Natalie Choong
    • , Chun-Hsien Chen
    • , Hong Yee Low
    • , Ming Jen Tan
    • , Chandrakant D. Patel
    •  & Chee Kai Chua

    Collection:

Research Highlights

  • Research Highlight |

    An article in Nature Communications reports a 2D halide perovskite scintillator for the detection of β-rays and nuclear leakage.

    • Claire Ashworth
  • Research Highlight |

    An article in Science reports a modelling approach to estimate the effectiveness of different intervention scenarios aimed at reducing plastic pollution.

    • Christine Horejs

Reviews

  • Review Article |

    The porous hierarchical structure and anisotropy of wood make it a strong candidate for the design of materials with various functions, including load bearing, multiscale mass transport, and optical and thermal management. In this Review, the composition, structure, characterization methods, modification strategies, properties and applications of natural and modified wood are discussed.

    • Chaoji Chen
    • , Yudi Kuang
    • , Shuze Zhu
    • , Ingo Burgert
    • , Tobias Keplinger
    • , Amy Gong
    • , Teng Li
    • , Lars Berglund
    • , Stephen J. Eichhorn
    •  & Liangbing Hu
  • Review Article |

    Nonreciprocal acoustic and elastic wave propagation may enable the creation of devices such as acoustic one-way mirrors, isolators and topological insulators. This Review presents advances in the creation of materials that break reciprocity and realize robust, unidirectional acoustic and elastic wave steering.

    • Hussein Nassar
    • , Behrooz Yousefzadeh
    • , Romain Fleury
    • , Massimo Ruzzene
    • , Andrea Alù
    • , Chiara Daraio
    • , Andrew N. Norris
    • , Guoliang Huang
    •  & Michael R. Haberman
  • Review Article |

    In situ tissue regeneration harnesses the body’s regenerative potential for tissue repair using engineered biomaterials. In this Review, we outline various biomaterials approaches to control the body’s regenerative capacity for tissue-specific regeneration by modulating the extracellular microenvironment or driving cellular reprogramming.

    • Akhilesh K. Gaharwar
    • , Irtisha Singh
    •  & Ali Khademhosseini
  • Review Article |

    Gradient nanostructured metals and alloys are an emerging class of materials that exhibit a combination of excellent mechanical properties that are not possessed by their homogeneous counterparts. This Review assesses the fabrication, characterization and deformation behaviour of these materials, as well as the challenges and future directions of the field.

    • Xiaoyan Li
    • , Lei Lu
    • , Jianguo Li
    • , Xuan Zhang
    •  & Huajian Gao

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