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  • The urban heat island effect poses increasing morbidity and mortality challenges in a warming world. This Review discusses how urban vegetation — specifically, green parks, green roofs and green walls — can be used as a strategy to mitigate heat.

    • Nyuk Hien Wong
    • Chun Liang Tan
    • Hideki Takebayashi
    Review Article
  • An article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences describes how glacier–rock interactions could fuel chemosynthetic primary production in Icelandic sediments.

    • Kyle R. Frischkorn
    Research Highlight
  • An article in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta reports a Nd-isotope record of terrestrial dust from northern Tibetan Plateau sediments since 52 Ma, revealing insight into regional uplift and climate changes from inland Asia.

    • Erin Scott
    Research Highlight
  • Improvements in earth observation are enabling new approaches to assess agricultural losses, such as those resulting from adverse weather. This Review examines advances in the application of remotely sensed data and crop modelling in index-based insurance as well as opportunities to enhance the quality of index insurance programmes.

    • Elinor Benami
    • Zhenong Jin
    • David B. Lobell
    Review Article
  • An article in Nature Climate Change outlines how the connection between the North Atlantic Oscillation and Arctic Oscillation might break down under a warming climate.

    • Graham Simpkins
    Research Highlight
  • An article in Geomorphology examines the role of plants in coastal sand dune formation through wind tunnel experiments and field observations.

    • Laura Zinke
    Research Highlight
  • Short-duration rainfall extremes are determined by complex processes that are affected by the warming climate. This Review assesses the evidence for the intensification of short-duration rainfall extremes, the associated drivers and the implications for flood risks.

    • Hayley J. Fowler
    • Geert Lenderink
    • Xuebin Zhang
    Review Article
  • Join us in celebrating the first anniversary of Nature Reviews Earth & Environment.

    Editorial
  • To celebrate the first anniversary of Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, we asked five researchers investigating solid Earth processes to outline notable developments within their discipline and provide thoughts on important work yet to be done.

    • Shuichi Kodaira
    • Maria Seton
    • Helen M. Williams
    Viewpoint
  • To celebrate the first anniversary of Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, we asked six researchers investigating Earth surface processes to outline notable developments within their discipline and provide thoughts on important work yet to be done.

    • Irasema Alcántara-Ayala
    • Asmeret Asefaw Berhe
    • Min Sub Sim
    Viewpoint
  • To celebrate the first anniversary of Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, we asked six researchers investigating weather and climate to outline notable developments within their discipline and provide thoughts on important work yet to be done.

    • Wenjia Cai
    • Christa Clapp
    • Jessica E. Tierney
    Viewpoint
  • Life on Earth has evolved and impacted Earth’s biogeochemistry for more than 3.5 billion years. This Review examines evidence of major events in the composition and structure of Earth’s biosphere, updates existing viewpoints on the impact of these events and argues for new lines of biogeochemical work to be explored.

    • Noah J. Planavsky
    • Sean A. Crowe
    • Kurt O. Konhauser
    Review Article
  • An article in Geophysical Research Letters reports that pCO2 levels at the surface of Taal Volcano crater lake can be used to continuously monitor volcanic CO2 flux, which could help provide important insights for eruption monitoring.

    • Erin Scott
    Research Highlight
  • An article in Global Change Biology characterizes the diversity and abundance of biogenic volatile organic compounds from two coral species.

    • Graham Simpkins
    Research Highlight
  • An article in Chemical Geology reports the use of magnesium and lithium isotopes to track olivine weathering in soils.

    • Laura Zinke
    Research Highlight
  • Measuring coastal subsidence is essential to evaluating hazards associated with sea-level rise. This Review discusses the processes driving coastal subsidence, space-borne and land-based measurement techniques, as well as models for simulating observed subsidence and predicting future trends.

    • Manoochehr Shirzaei
    • Jeffrey Freymueller
    • Philip S. J. Minderhoud
    Review Article
  • An article in the Journal of Hydrology reports the impact of coal mining on groundwater resources and vegetation greenness in Inner Mongolia, China.

    • Laura Zinke
    Research Highlight
  • As the first year of Nature Reviews Earth & Environment draws to an end, we celebrate the successes and reflect on the areas of improvement needed for volume two and beyond. Thank you to all our authors, peer reviewers and readers.

    Editorial