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  • To explore career opportunities outside of academia, Nature Reviews Earth & Environment interviewed Allen Pope about their career path from research scientist to programme director at the U.S. National Science Foundation.

    • Graham Simpkins
    • Allen Pope
  • Treated wastewater (TW) reuse for irrigation could alleviate water imbalances and boost food production in water-scarce regions, thus promoting global food and water security. This Review discusses the potential and challenges of widespread TW reuse for agriculture in a circular economy framework.

    • Anastasis Christou
    • Vasiliki G. Beretsou
    • Despo Fatta-Kassinos
    Review Article
  • Climate change and human activities are increasing the exposure of deltaic communities to natural hazards. This Review discusses lessons that the Asian mega-deltas can share to develop long-term resilience strategies.

    • Faith Ka Shun Chan
    • Amelie Paszkowski
    • Yong-Guan Zhu
    Review Article
  • A loss and damage (L&D) fund has been established to support particularly vulnerable developing countries. L&D funding needs, entitlements and necessary contributions can be quantified using climate economics coupled with historical responsibility principles; for the year 2025, total L&D funding needs are estimated to be US $395 [128–937] billion.

    • Massimo Tavoni
    • Pietro Andreoni
    • Leonie Wenz
  • Fire can increase the rates of geomorphic processes leading to rapid landscape change and sediment-related hazards. This Review outlines the factors and processes that influence the magnitude, temporal persistence and extent of fire-induced geomorphic changes.

    • Luke A. McGuire
    • Brian A. Ebel
    • Petter Nyman
    Review Article
  • To explore career opportunities outside of academia, Nature Reviews Earth & Environment interviewed Eleni Wood about their career path from PhD student to a researcher at BBC Studios.

    • Erin Scott
    • Eleni Wood
  • Increasing light emissions threaten human and ecological health. This Review outlines existing measurements and projections of light pollution trends and impacts, as well as developments in ground-based and remote sensing techniques that are needed to improve them.

    • Hector Linares Arroyo
    • Angela Abascal
    • Christopher C. M. Kyba
    Review Article
  • Warmer temperatures enhance formation of glacial lakes that can suddenly and catastrophically release as a glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF), threatening downstream lives and infrastructure. This Review outlines observed and projected changes in glacial lakes and GLOFs, reporting that both will increase with ongoing deglaciation.

    • Guoqing Zhang
    • Jonathan L. Carrivick
    • Natalie Lützow
    Review Article
  • Wildfires are important ecosystem regulators and can benefit many fire-prone ecosystems, but extreme fires can leave soils vulnerable to nutrient loss and contaminant transformations. This Review discusses fire-induced impacts on soil chemistry and post-fire soil, air and water recovery.

    • Alandra Marie Lopez
    • Claudia Christine E. Avila
    • Thomas Borch
    Review Article
  • Human modifications to the environment can amplify the secondary impacts of earthquakes, such as landslides, liquefaction and tsunamis. This Perspective explores the relationships between environmental modification and earthquake-triggered hazards to identify potential solutions for hazard mitigation.

    • Emma M. Hill
    • Jamie W. McCaughey
    • Sharadha Sathiakumar
  • To explore career opportunities outside of academia, Nature Reviews Earth & Environment interviewed Nina Ridder about their career path from a postdoctoral scholar to a Senior Climate Advisor at Suncorp Group Limited.

    • Graham Simpkins
    • Nina Ridder
  • Avalanche conditions and related risks are influenced by ongoing changes in temperature and precipitation. This Review synthesizes existing data, approaches and results to highlight dominant patterns of change and how they are linked to climate change and other socio-environmental factors.

    • Nicolas Eckert
    • Christophe Corona
    • Markus Stoffel
    Review Article
  • Warming temperatures driven by climate change are causing species geographic ranges to shift, but factors such as habitat characteristics and species interactions impact these changes. This Review examines range shift documentation, how shifts differ from temperature-based expectations, and the effects of range shifts on natural and human systems.

    • Jake A. Lawlor
    • Lise Comte
    • Jennifer Sunday
    Review Article
  • Tectonic processes can lead to the formation of semi-enclosed seas and the deposition of extensive salt deposits. This Review explores the drivers and impacts of the Mediterranean Messinian salinity crisis, including previously underconsidered impacts on the global carbon cycle.

    • Wout Krijgsman
    • Eelco J. Rohling
    • Giovanni Aloisi
    Review Article
  • The Southern Ocean represents a substantial carbon sink and heavily influences global carbon fluxes. This Review describes how an expanding suite of observations are providing increasing insight into the contribution of biota and plankton to the carbon cycle in the Southern Ocean.

    • Philip W. Boyd
    • Kevin R. Arrigo
    • Sandy J. Thomalla
    Review Article
  • Rainfall events are becoming less frequent but more intense with anthropogenic warming. This Review explores the consequences of these changes on plants and investigates how and why plant responses appear to broadly differ between dry and wet ecosystems.

    • Andrew F. Feldman
    • Xue Feng
    • Benjamin Poulter
    Review Article