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A ‘reversible’ catalyst allows a reaction to proceed rapidly even at small departures from equilibrium. These fast and energy-efficient transformations are part of a relatively smooth potential energy landscape that can feature in synthetic and biological systems alike. See Fourmond, Plumeré & Léger.
A diversity-oriented synthesis approach to prepare libraries of porous materials has enabled the identification of polymers with specific and tunable lithium-ion transport properties that may be applied in the production of more efficient batteries and fuel cells.
Developments in synthetic chemistry are increasingly driven by attempts to improve both selectivity and sustainability. This Review highlights the versatility of bifunctional reagents in generating chemical complexity with enhanced atom-economy-leveraging radical reactions, C–H functionalizations, cross-couplings, organocatalysed processes and cyclizations.
Photocatalysis is widely used in numerous fields, including chemistry and biology. This Review highlights the impact of photosensitization and photoredox photocatalysis within therapeutic development, bioconjugation and for probing complex cellular environments.
Understanding the relationship between reaction rate and thermodynamic driving force is central to developing efficient catalysts. This Perspective describes this relationship and the conditions that can give rise to reversible catalysis, which is relevant to energy conversions of fuels and motor proteins alike.