Review Articles

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  • The counterfeiting of goods has economic implications and is a threat to health and security. One promising solution for product authentication is the incorporation of physical unclonable functions. This Review delineates how stochastic chemical processes can afford unique anti-counterfeiting tags that cannot be reproduced.

    • Riikka Arppe
    • Thomas Just Sørensen
    Review Article
  • The relative inertness of dinitrogen can be overcome by coordination to suitable organometallics. This Review explores the influence of coordination mode on the likelihood of functionalization and the nature of the products, which take the form of nitrogen-containing complexes and organics, as well as species such as NH3 and N2H4.

    • Richard J. Burford
    • Michael D. Fryzuk
    Review Article
  • Electrodes colonized by microbial electrocatalysts can serve as useful components in the electrosynthesis of valuable chemical products. This Review outlines the mechanisms by which electrons are transferred between microorganisms and electrodes, and describes the challenges involved in designing robust and efficient systems.

    • Amit Kumar
    • Leo Huan-Hsuan Hsu
    • Dónal Leech
    Review Article
  • Elaborate molecules can be assembled in a relatively mild manner through organic cross-coupling reactions, with those mediated by group 10 metal complexes being particularly useful. This Review covers the development of nickel and palladium precatalysts, comparing state-of-the-art systems and offering design principles for future technologies.

    • Nilay Hazari
    • Patrick R. Melvin
    • Megan Mohadjer Beromi
    Review Article
  • Gold surfaces decorated with organosulfur ligands are of nanotechnological importance. Despite this, gold-sulfur interactions — to which van der Waals forces contribute significantly — have only recently been studied in depth. This Review covers these and other soft-soft interactions in which van der Waals forces determine bonding outcomes.

    • Jeffrey R. Reimers
    • Michael J. Ford
    • Noel S. Hush
    Review Article
  • The primary goal of a process chemist is to develop a commercially viable synthetic route to a known drug candidate. The approaches to a synthetic challenge are consequently very different to those used in medicinal chemistry. This Review uses case studies to highlight important considerations, and the tactics used during the design and selection of an efficient drug synthesis.

    • Martin D. Eastgate
    • Michael A. Schmidt
    • Keith R. Fandrick
    Review Article
  • This Review covers recent progress and current challenges in the synthesis and stabilization of elemental 2D materials — topical species with peculiar properties. The further development of preparative methodologies will help to expand the 2D materials library well beyond naturally occurring layered materials, and afford products with unique structures and functions.

    • Andrew J. Mannix
    • Brian Kiraly
    • Nathan P. Guisinger
    Review Article
  • Splitting water is an attractive means by which energy — either electrical and/or light — is stored and consumed on demand. Active and efficient catalysts for anodic and cathodic reactions often require precious metals. This Review covers base-metal catalysts that can afford high performance in a more sustainable and available manner.

    • Isolda Roger
    • Michael A. Shipman
    • Mark D. Symes
    Review Article
  • Atomic force microscopy (AFM) enables the imaging and manipulation of individual molecules at atomic resolution. This Review addresses experimental considerations, including operating modes and choices for tips and substrates. Examples are presented in which AFM is used to image molecules and induce bond formation or dissociation.

    • Niko Pavliček
    • Leo Gross
    Review Article
  • The unique reactivity of actinide metal complexes may offer opportunities to convert carbon oxygenates into value-added chemicals. This Review describes progress towards using these complexes as catalysts in such transformations with the ultimate aim of reducing our reliance on non-renewable resources.

    • Polly L. Arnold
    • Zoë R. Turner
    Review Article
  • Despite its relative weakness, the London dispersion force can strongly influence physical and chemical properties of molecules. This Review highlights how structure and reactivity of organometallic and inorganic molecules are greatly affected by the cumulative effect of this force.

    • David J. Liptrot
    • Philip P. Power
    Review Article