Reviews & Analysis

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  • In early childhood, many children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder experience challenges in adaptive behavior that are needed to meet the demands of daily life. Mandelli et al. propose the use of a data-driven prediction model to identify unique subgroups of autistic preschoolers based on a ‘snapshot’ of adaptive skills.

    • Benjamin E. Yerys
    News & Views
  • This study used the DSM-5-recommended diagnostic standard to conduct a nationwide multi-center survey of the non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behavior of patients with psychiatric conditions. We investigated the prevalence of NSSI in 3,407 patients of various ages and with various psychiatric diagnoses from 15 hospitals in China.

    Research Briefing
  • Occhipinti and co-authors argue in this Perspective that by contrast to gross domestic product, the Mental Wealth metric provides an improved indicator for assessing economic and social production, including brain capital, measuring mental health and capital and emotional health and well-being.

    • Jo-An Occhipinti
    • John Buchanan
    • Ian B. Hickie
  • Unipolar depression is a common mental disorder that is increasingly treated with neuroimaging-guided therapeutics. Cash et al. use brain connectomics in 57 heterogeneous neuroimaging studies to report meta-analytic brain networks linked to aberrant emotional and cognitive processing in individuals with unipolar depression.

    • Debby C. W. Klooster
    • Shan H. Siddiqi
    News & Views
  • Will connectome-based predictive modeling change how we care for people at risk of late-life suicide? A novel two-step modeling approach used by Gao et al. in their study sheds light on the road ahead.

    • Jennifer Barredo
    • Nauder Namaky
    News & Views
  • People with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are at increased risk of suicide and face a shortage of efficient treatments options. A new study shows that brain stimulation by magnetic seizure therapy, combined with dialectical behavioral therapy, reduces suicidality, depressive symptoms and interpersonal symptoms in people with BPD.

    • Jacopo Lisoni
    • Antonio Vita
    News & Views
  • Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that involves white matter lesions throughout the brain, and depression is a common comorbidity. In this paper, Siddiqi, Kletenik et al. propose the use of a recently developed technique known as lesion network mapping to identify a common depression network that may represent a treatment target for neuromodulatory approaches to treating depression.

    • Victoria M. Leavitt
    News & Views