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Robotic devices can be made more compact and lightweight by using origami techniques. In this issue, Stefano Mintchev et al. present an origami device that can be used as a portable haptic interface that can sense and initiate motion in three dimensions. Named Foldaway, the device folds flat and can be used as an intuitive haptic 3D joystick in different virtual-reality or augmented-reality applications.
The reach of artificial intelligence technologies across all parts of society is steadily growing, but so is the awareness of how they can negatively impact human rights. As 2019 draws to a close, the trajectory of technological progress defined by big technology companies is meeting resistance.
Photonic computing devices are a compelling alternative to conventional computing setups for machine learning applications, as they are nonlinear, fast and easy to parallelize. Recent work demonstrates the potential of these optical systems to process and classify human motion from video.
Loss-of-function mutations in metal-binding proteins are heavily implicated with numerous diseases, and identifying such ‘cracks’ will be valuable to biologists and medical doctors in the study and treatment of disease. A deep learning approach has been developed to tackle this challenging task.
Current national cybersecurity and defence strategies of several governments mention explicitly the use of AI. However, it will be important to develop standards and certification procedures, which involves continuous monitoring and assessment of threats. The focus should be on the reliability of AI-based systems, rather than on eliciting users’ trust in AI.
Metals can bind to proteins to fulfil important biological functions. Predicting the features of mutated binding sites can thus help us understand the connection between specific mutations and their role in diseases.
Drug combinations are often an effective means of managing complex diseases, but understanding the synergies of drug combinations requires extensive resources. The authors developed an efficient machine learning model that requires only a limited set of pairwise dose–response measurements for the accurate prediction of synergistic and antagonistic drug combinations.
Identifying abnormalities in medical images across different viewing angles and body parts is a time-consuming task. Deep learning techniques hold great promise for supporting radiologists and improving patient triage decisions. A new study tests the viability of such approaches in resource-limited settings, exploring the effect of pretraining, dataset size and choice of deep learning model in the task of abnormality detection in lower-limb radiographs.
Haptic interfaces are important for the development of immersive human–machine interactions. To create a compact design with rich touch-sensitive functions, a robotic device called Foldaway, which folds flat, has been designed that can render three-degrees-of-freedom force feedback.
Number processing is linked to bodily systems, especially finger movements. The authors apply convolutional neural network models in the context of cognitive developmental robotics. They show that proprioceptive information in the child-like robot iCub improves accuracy and recognition of spoken digits.
To better extract meaning from natural language, some less informative words can be removed before a model is trained, which is usually done by using manually curated lists of stopwords. A new information theoretic approach can identify uninformative words automatically and more accurately.