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  • Despite the promise of medical artificial intelligence applications, their acceptance in real-world clinical settings is low, with lack of transparency and trust being barriers that need to be overcome. We discuss the importance of the collaborative process in medical artificial intelligence, whereby experts from various fields work together and tackle transparency issues and build trust over time.

    • Annamaria Carusi
    • Peter D. Winter
    • Andy Swift
  • The organizers of the EvalRS recommender systems competition argue that accuracy should not be the only goal and explain how they took robustness and fairness into account.

    • Jacopo Tagliabue
    • Federico Bianchi
    • Patrick John Chia
    Challenge Accepted
  • To fully leverage big data, they need to be shared across institutions in a manner compliant with privacy considerations and the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Federated machine learning is a promising option.

    • Alissa Brauneck
    • Louisa Schmalhorst
    • Gabriele Buchholtz
  • Guidelines are urgently needed for the use of generative AI tools like ChatGPT in scientific writing.

  • 2022 has seen eye-catching developments in AI applications. Work is needed to ensure that ethical reflection and responsible publication practices are keeping pace.

  • The notion of ‘interpretability’ of artificial neural networks (ANNs) is of growing importance in neuroscience and artificial intelligence (AI). But interpretability means different things to neuroscientists as opposed to AI researchers. In this article, we discuss the potential synergies and tensions between these two communities in interpreting ANNs.

    • Kohitij Kar
    • Simon Kornblith
    • Evelina Fedorenko
  • The implementation of ethics review processes is an important first step for anticipating and mitigating the potential harms of AI research. Its long-term success, however, requires a coordinated community effort, to support experimentation with different ethics review processes, to study their effect, and to provide opportunities for diverse voices from the community to share insights and foster norms.

    • Madhulika Srikumar
    • Rebecca Finlay
    • Joelle Pineau
  • Artificial intelligence systems are used for an increasing range of intellectual tasks, but can they invent, or will they be able to do so soon? A recent series of patent applications for two inventions that are claimed to have been made by an artificial intelligence program are bringing these questions to the fore.

    • Alexandra George
    • Toby Walsh
  • AI promises to bring many benefits to healthcare and research, but mistrust has built up owing to many instances of harm to under-represented communities. To amend this, participatory approaches can directly involve communities in AI research that will impact them. An important element of such approaches is ensuring that communities can take control over their own data and how they are shared.

  • The use of decision-support systems based on artificial intelligence approaches in antimicrobial prescribing raises important moral questions. Adopting ethical frameworks alongside such systems can aid the consideration of infection-specific complexities and support moral decision-making to tackle antimicrobial resistance.

    • William J. Bolton
    • Cosmin Badea
    • Timothy M. Rawson
  • Indigenous peoples are under-represented in genomic datasets, which can lead to limited accuracy and utility of machine learning models in precision health. While open data sharing undermines rights of Indigenous communities to govern data decisions, federated learning may facilitate secure and community-consented data sharing.

    • Nima Boscarino
    • Reed A. Cartwright
    • Krystal S. Tsosie
  • We introduced reusability reports, an article type to highlight code reusability, almost two years ago. On the basis of the results and positive feedback from authors and referees, we remain enthusiastic about the format.

  • To deliver value in healthcare, artificial intelligence and machine learning models must be integrated not only into technology platforms but also into local human and organizational ecosystems and workflows. To realize the promised benefits of applying these models at scale, a roadmap of the challenges and potential solutions to sociotechnical transferability is needed.

    • Batia Mishan Wiesenfeld
    • Yin Aphinyanaphongs
    • Oded Nov
  • There is a tendency among AI researchers to use the concepts of democracy and democratization in ways that are only loosely connected to their political and historical meanings. We argue that it is important to take the concept more seriously in AI research by engaging with political philosophy.

    • Henrik Skaug Sætra
    • Harald Borgebund
    • Mark Coeckelbergh
  • The public release of ‘Stable Diffusion’, a high-quality image generation tool, sets new standards in open-source AI development and raises new questions.