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Volume 3 Issue 5, May 2019

Volume 3 Issue 5

The genetics of smoking in the Japanese

Smoking is a risk factor for several diseases, but what we know about the genetic architecture of smoking behaviours comes primarily from individuals of European ancestry. Matoba et al. examine genetic components of smoking behaviours in the Japanese population, identifying seven loci not previously identified in European samples and 11 diseases that share genetic bases with smoking behaviours in the Japanese.

See Matoba et al.

Cover image: Toshiro Shimada / Moment / Getty. Cover design: Bethany Vukomanovic.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    A persistent Eurocentric bias in genomic studies means that advances in genomics research stand to benefit the few, not all. We need to change this.

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    Against those who believe democracy is unable to address climate change effectively, we argue that a more deeply deliberative democracy can better equip the world to meet the challenge.

    • John S. Dryzek
    • Simon Niemeyer
  • Comment |

    The physical and social environment that surrounds us has a profound impact on our brains and behaviour. This impact is so fundamental that a complete understanding of neural mechanisms cannot be developed without taking into account the extensive interactions between neurobiology, psychology, behaviour and the environment.

    • Marc G. Berman
    • Omid Kardan
    • Sarah E. London

Research Highlights

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Undoubtedly our technology surpasses anything seen in nonhumans, but is this the result of individual genius or collective learning?

    • Rachel L. Kendal
  • News & Views |

    Can the eye movements we make when there is nothing to look at shed light on our cognitive processes? A new study shows that tiny gaze shifts reveal people’s attended locations in memorized—rather than visual—space. The discovery indicates that the oculomotor system is engaged in the focusing of attention within the internal space of memory.

    • Susana Martinez-Conde
    • Robert G. Alexander

Reviews

  • Perspective |

    How do people seek to reduce uncertainty in social interactions? FeldmanHall & Shenhav propose a three-part model: first through more automatic impression formation, then more effortful perspective-taking, and finally by seeking and learning about additional information that can update their predictions

    • Oriel FeldmanHall
    • Amitai Shenhav
  • Perspective |

    Neurofeedback training is considered a promising tool in psychiatric intervention. To enable neurofeedback to fulfil its promise, Lubianiker et al introduce a process-based neurofeedback framework to guide future research and interventions.

    • Nitzan Lubianiker
    • Noam Goldway
    • Talma Hendler

Research

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