Latest Research

  • Letter |

    An analysis of more than 30,000 national polls from 351 general elections in 45 countries over the period between 1942 and 2017 shows that, contrary to popular belief, election polling misses have not become more prevalent.

    • Will Jennings
    •  & Christopher Wlezien
  • Perspective |

    The social science of happiness needs to recognize the importance of social connection and prosocial action for human well-being and become more interdisciplinary with greater collaboration, especially among social scientists and policymakers.

    • John F. Helliwell
    •  & Lara B. Aknin
  • Letter |

    Galesic et al. show that election poll questions that ask participants about the voting intentions of their social contacts, in addition to their own intentions, improve predictions of voting in the 2016 US and 2017 French presidential elections.

    • M. Galesic
    • , W. Bruine de Bruin
    • , M. Dumas
    • , A. Kapteyn
    • , J. E. Darling
    •  & E. Meijer
  • Article |

    A model of minority–majority group interactions shows that minority cultural practices can be preserved from cultural homogenization where a group boundary allows free movement of minority members, but excludes members of the more powerful majority.

    • John A. Bunce
    •  & Richard McElreath
  • Review Article |

    Male antisocial behaviour peaks in adolescence and declines later in life. Moffitt reviews recent evidence in support of the hypothesis that the age–crime curve conceals two groups of individuals with different causes.

    • Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Article |

    Using an imagery-perception paradigm, the authors find that imagined speech affects the perceived loudness of sound. They also show that early neural responses correlate with the loudness ratings, even without external stimulation.

    • Xing Tian
    • , Nai Ding
    • , Xiangbin Teng
    • , Fan Bai
    •  & David Poeppel
  • Perspective |

    Studying subtle signals of generosity is important to understand the long term maintenance of human cooperative networks. Certain types of low-cost food sharing among Martu women, for example, may signal commitment and cement cooperative ties.

    • Rebecca Bliege Bird
    • , Elspeth Ready
    •  & Eleanor A. Power
  • Review Article |

    Diener et al. synthesize findings from psychology and economics on subjective well-being across cultures and identify outstanding questions, priorities for future research and pathways to policy implementation.

    • Ed Diener
    • , Shigehiro Oishi
    •  & Louis Tay
  • Letter |

    Using fMRI data from healthy controls, the authors construct probabilistic maps of the multiple-demand and language-selective regions in the brain to classify patient lesions. They find that only multiple-demand-weighted lesion volumes predict deficits in fluid intelligence.

    • Alexandra Woolgar
    • , John Duncan
    • , Facundo Manes
    •  & Evelina Fedorenko
  • Article |

    Waniek and colleagues show that individuals and communities can disguise themselves from detection online by standard social network analysis tools through simple changes to their social network connections.

    • Marcin Waniek
    • , Tomasz P. Michalak
    • , Michael J. Wooldridge
    •  & Talal Rahwan
  • Letter |

    The authors exploit a 1972 policy that increased the minimum school leaving age to investigate the causal effects of staying in school on health. Using a large dataset, they find that remaining in school reduces the risk of diabetes and mortality.

    • Neil M. Davies
    • , Matt Dickson
    • , George Davey Smith
    • , Gerard J. van den Berg
    •  & Frank Windmeijer
  • Article |

    Strimling and colleagues develop and empirically test a mathematical model of the 'civilizing process', that is, the tendency of social norms about violence and hygiene to become increasingly strict over time.

    • Pontus Strimling
    • , Mícheál de Barra
    •  & Kimmo Eriksson
  • Letter |

    The collective wisdom of crowds often provides better answers to problems than individual judgements. Here, a large experiment that split a crowd into many small deliberative groups produced better estimates than the average of all answers in the crowd.

    • Joaquin Navajas
    • , Tamara Niella
    • , Gerry Garbulsky
    • , Bahador Bahrami
    •  & Mariano Sigman
  • Letter |

    Field experiments and network data show that the witchcraft label ‘zhu’ influences labour-sharing and intermarriage in a large network of southwest Chinese villages. Zhu is not an indicator of pro-sociality, but may function to spite or damage rivals.

    • Ruth Mace
    • , Matthew G. Thomas
    • , Jiajia Wu
    • , QiaoQiao He
    • , Ting Ji
    •  & Yi Tao
  • Letter |

    Jebb et al. use data from the Gallup World Poll to show that happiness does not rise indefinitely with income: globally, income satiation occurs at US$95,000 for life evaluation and US$60,000 to US$75,000 for emotional well-being.

    • Andrew T. Jebb
    • , Louis Tay
    • , Ed Diener
    •  & Shigehiro Oishi
  • Article |

    The authors used graph signal processing to examine whether fMRI signals correspond to underlying anatomical networks. They found that alignment between functional signals and anatomical structure was associated with greater cognitive flexibility.

    • John D. Medaglia
    • , Weiyu Huang
    • , Elisabeth A. Karuza
    • , Apoorva Kelkar
    • , Sharon L. Thompson-Schill
    • , Alejandro Ribeiro
    •  & Danielle S. Bassett
  • Letter |

    The authors use a computational data-driven approach to study the determinants of conscious processing of human faces. They show that the speed at which a face reaches conscious awareness depends on its perceived power or dominance.

    • Yaniv Abir
    • , Asael Y. Sklar
    • , Ron Dotsch
    • , Alexander Todorov
    •  & Ran R. Hassin
  • Article |

    Intracranial recordings from epileptic patients during a number of different behavioural tasks reveal, in impressive spatiotemporal detail, that the human brain links perception and action through persistent neural activity in the prefrontal cortex and functionally linked brain regions.

    • Matar Haller
    • , John Case
    • , Nathan E. Crone
    • , Edward F. Chang
    • , David King-Stephens
    • , Kenneth D. Laxer
    • , Peter B. Weber
    • , Josef Parvizi
    • , Robert T. Knight
    •  & Avgusta Y. Shestyuk
  • Article |

    Using magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography during a face-discrimination task, the authors show face-processing lateralization in infants in the first postnatal semester, despite a corpus callosum mature enough to transfer visual information across hemispheres.

    • Parvaneh Adibpour
    • , Jessica Dubois
    •  & Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz
  • Letter |

    The authors use large, real-world guessing competition datasets to test whether accuracy can be improved by aggregating repeated estimates by the same individual. They find that estimates do improve, but substantially less than with between-person aggregation.

    • Dennie van Dolder
    •  & Martijn J. van den Assem