Latest Research

  • Article |

    Cheyette and Piantadosi present a model of numerosity perception and find that core properties of number processing can be derived as optimal information processing with memory limits.

    • Samuel J. Cheyette
    •  & Steven T. Piantadosi
  • Article |

    Schurgin et al. propose a model of visual memory, arguing against a distinction between how many items are represented and how precisely they are represented, and in favour of a view based on continuous representations in noisy channels.

    • Mark W. Schurgin
    • , John T. Wixted
    •  & Timothy F. Brady
  • Article |

    Götz et al. find that topography is related to personality across the United States (n = 3,387,014), with people in mountainous areas being less agreeable, extraverted, neurotic and conscientious but more open. East–west comparisons suggest frontier cultural heritage and ecological demands as possible mechanisms.

    • Friedrich M. Götz
    • , Stefan Stieger
    • , Samuel D. Gosling
    • , Jeff Potter
    •  & Peter J. Rentfrow
  • Article |

    When a person assumes the role of advocate, can they keep their personal beliefs separate from their role? This paper suggests not: merely accepting the role of advocate shifts people’s beliefs into alignment with their cause.

    • David E. Melnikoff
    •  & Nina Strohminger
  • Article |

    Steyvers and Schafer analysed the latent structure of learning trajectories on a cognitive training platform. The results reveal covariation in cognitive performance across tasks, offering predictive tools for cognitive performance.

    • Mark Steyvers
    •  & Robert J. Schafer
  • Article |

    Trudel et al. find that the ventromedial prefrontal cortex carries multiple decision variables, the strength and polarity of which vary according to their relevance to the context of exploration, exploitation and the transition between these states.

    • Nadescha Trudel
    • , Jacqueline Scholl
    • , Miriam C. Klein-Flügge
    • , Elsa Fouragnan
    • , Lev Tankelevitch
    • , Marco K. Wittmann
    •  & Matthew F. S. Rushworth
  • Article |

    Zhou, Pei et al. develop a more realistic information cascade model that reproduces key structures of real-world diffusion trees in distinct social platforms by combining a peer-to-peer diffusion pattern with a correction for observational bias.

    • Bin Zhou
    • , Sen Pei
    • , Lev Muchnik
    • , Xiangyi Meng
    • , Xiaoke Xu
    • , Alon Sela
    • , Shlomo Havlin
    •  & H. Eugene Stanley
  • Article |

    How We Feel is a web and mobile-phone application for collecting de-identified self-reported COVID-19-related data. These data are used to map a diverse set of symptomatic, demographic, exposure and behavioural factors relevant to the ongoing pandemic.

    • William E. Allen
    • , Han Altae-Tran
    • , James Briggs
    • , Xin Jin
    • , Glen McGee
    • , Andy Shi
    • , Rumya Raghavan
    • , Mireille Kamariza
    • , Nicole Nova
    • , Albert Pereta
    • , Chris Danford
    • , Amine Kamel
    • , Patrik Gothe
    • , Evrhet Milam
    • , Jean Aurambault
    • , Thorben Primke
    • , Weijie Li
    • , Josh Inkenbrandt
    • , Tuan Huynh
    • , Evan Chen
    • , Christina Lee
    • , Michael Croatto
    • , Helen Bentley
    • , Wendy Lu
    • , Robert Murray
    • , Mark Travassos
    • , Brent A. Coull
    • , John Openshaw
    • , Casey S. Greene
    • , Ophir Shalem
    • , Gary King
    • , Ryan Probasco
    • , David R. Cheng
    • , Ben Silbermann
    • , Feng Zhang
    •  & Xihong Lin
  • Article |

    Coscia et al. use a large dataset of business travel to show that, before they become competitive in new industries, countries receive visitors from places where that industry already thrives.

    • Michele Coscia
    • , Frank M. H. Neffke
    •  & Ricardo Hausmann
  • Article |

    An agent-based model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission shows that testing, contact tracing and household quarantine could keep new COVID-19 waves under control while allowing the reopening of the economy with minimal social-distancing interventions.

    • Alberto Aleta
    • , David Martín-Corral
    • , Ana Pastore y Piontti
    • , Marco Ajelli
    • , Maria Litvinova
    • , Matteo Chinazzi
    • , Natalie E. Dean
    • , M. Elizabeth Halloran
    • , Ira M. Longini Jr
    • , Stefano Merler
    • , Alex Pentland
    • , Alessandro Vespignani
    • , Esteban Moro
    •  & Yamir Moreno
  • Article |

    Camerer et al. use standardized experiments across thousands of students to demonstrate empirical regularities in two-person bargaining and trading in markets. Bargaining outcomes lean toward equal sharing, and markets rapidly create prices that match supply and demand.

    • Po-Hsuan Lin
    • , Alexander L. Brown
    • , Taisuke Imai
    • , Joseph Tao-yi Wang
    • , Stephanie W. Wang
    •  & Colin F. Camerer
  • Perspective |

    Giurge and Whillans et al. highlight the problem of time poverty, explore the factors that drive it, discuss its personal and social consequences, and call for more research attention to this pervasive form of poverty.

    • Laura M. Giurge
    • , Ashley V. Whillans
    •  & Colin West
  • Article |

    Brazil has one of the fastest-growing COVID-19 epidemics in the world. De Souza et al. report epidemiological, demographic and clinical findings for COVID-19 cases in the country during the first 3 months of the epidemic.

    • William Marciel de Souza
    • , Lewis Fletcher Buss
    • , Darlan da Silva Candido
    • , Jean-Paul Carrera
    • , Sabrina Li
    • , Alexander E. Zarebski
    • , Rafael Henrique Moraes Pereira
    • , Carlos A. Prete Jr
    • , Andreza Aruska de Souza-Santos
    • , Kris V. Parag
    • , Maria Carolina T. D. Belotti
    • , Maria F. Vincenti-Gonzalez
    • , Janey Messina
    • , Flavia Cristina da Silva Sales
    • , Pamela dos Santos Andrade
    • , Vítor Heloiz Nascimento
    • , Fabio Ghilardi
    • , Leandro Abade
    • , Bernardo Gutierrez
    • , Moritz U. G. Kraemer
    • , Carlos K. V. Braga
    • , Renato Santana Aguiar
    • , Neal Alexander
    • , Philippe Mayaud
    • , Oliver J. Brady
    • , Izabel Marcilio
    • , Nelson Gouveia
    • , Guangdi Li
    • , Adriana Tami
    • , Silvano Barbosa de Oliveira
    • , Victor Bertollo Gomes Porto
    • , Fabiana Ganem
    • , Walquiria Aparecida Ferreira de Almeida
    • , Francieli Fontana Sutile Tardetti Fantinato
    • , Eduardo Marques Macário
    • , Wanderson Kleber de Oliveira
    • , Mauricio L. Nogueira
    • , Oliver G. Pybus
    • , Chieh-Hsi Wu
    • , Julio Croda
    • , Ester C. Sabino
    •  & Nuno Rodrigues Faria
  • Resource |

    Specification curve analysis enables large numbers of alternative empirical analyses to be performed on the same data, showcasing how analytical decisions influence results and allowing joint inference over all analyses.

    • Uri Simonsohn
    • , Joseph P. Simmons
    •  & Leif D. Nelson
  • Article |

    Intracranial brain stimulation in humans elicits a large variety of perceptual, motor and cognitive effects. Fox et al. show strong links between the distribution and content of these responses and the brain’s intrinsic network architecture.

    • Kieran C. R. Fox
    • , Lin Shi
    • , Sori Baek
    • , Omri Raccah
    • , Brett L. Foster
    • , Srijani Saha
    • , Daniel S. Margulies
    • , Aaron Kucyi
    •  & Josef Parvizi
  • Article |

    By synthesizing information on archaeological sites, palaeoclimate reconstructions and ancient DNA, Betti et al. show that the Neolithic expansion in Europe was not a continuous process of diffusion, but a series of climate-driven episodes of varying speeds.

    • Lia Betti
    • , Robert M. Beyer
    • , Eppie R. Jones
    • , Anders Eriksson
    • , Francesca Tassi
    • , Veronika Siska
    • , Michela Leonardi
    • , Pierpaolo Maisano Delser
    • , Lily K. Bentley
    • , Philip R. Nigst
    • , Jay T. Stock
    • , Ron Pinhasi
    •  & Andrea Manica
  • Article |

    A new study presenting two variations of the influential two-stage decision task shows that detailed task instructions lead participants to make model-based choices and that a simple model-free/model-based dichotomy does not describe behaviour well.

    • Carolina Feher da Silva
    •  & Todd A. Hare
  • Perspective |

    Thirty-two experts propose ten considerations for managing the de-escalation of COVID-19 containment measures while still maintaining public adherence to social and physical distancing.

    • Katrine Bach Habersaat
    • , Cornelia Betsch
    • , Margie Danchin
    • , Cass R. Sunstein
    • , Robert Böhm
    • , Armin Falk
    • , Noel T. Brewer
    • , Saad B. Omer
    • , Martha Scherzer
    • , Sunita Sah
    • , Edward F. Fischer
    • , Andrea E. Scheel
    • , Daisy Fancourt
    • , Shinobu Kitayama
    • , Eve Dubé
    • , Julie Leask
    • , Mohan Dutta
    • , Noni E. MacDonald
    • , Anna Temkina
    • , Andreas Lieberoth
    • , Mark Jackson
    • , Stephan Lewandowsky
    • , Holly Seale
    • , Nils Fietje
    • , Philipp Schmid
    • , Michele Gelfand
    • , Lars Korn
    • , Sarah Eitze
    • , Lisa Felgendreff
    • , Philipp Sprengholz
    • , Cristiana Salvi
    •  & Robb Butler
  • Author Correction |

    • Christophe Boesch
    • , Ammie K. Kalan
    • , Roger Mundry
    • , Mimi Arandjelovic
    • , Simone Pika
    • , Paula Dieguez
    • , Emmanuel Ayuk Ayimisin
    • , Amanda Barciela
    • , Charlotte Coupland
    • , Villard Ebot Egbe
    • , Manasseh Eno-Nku
    • , J. Michael Fay
    • , David Fine
    • , R. Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar
    • , Veerle Hermans
    • , Parag Kadam
    • , Mohamed Kambi
    • , Manuel Llana
    • , Giovanna Maretti
    • , David Morgan
    • , Mizuki Murai
    • , Emily Neil
    • , Sonia Nicholl
    • , Lucy Jayne Ormsby
    • , Robinson Orume
    • , Liliana Pacheco
    • , Alex Piel
    • , Crickette Sanz
    • , Lilah Sciaky
    • , Fiona A. Stewart
    • , Nikki Tagg
    • , Erin G. Wessling
    • , Jacob Willie
    •  & Hjalmar S. Kühl
  • Author Correction |

    • Tabea Hässler
    • , Johannes Ullrich
    • , Michelle Bernardino
    • , Nurit Shnabel
    • , Colette Van Laar
    • , Daniel Valdenegro
    • , Simone Sebben
    • , Linda R. Tropp
    • , Emilio Paolo Visintin
    • , Roberto González
    • , Ruth K. Ditlmann
    • , Dominic Abrams
    • , Hema Preya Selvanathan
    • , Marija Brankovic
    • , Stephen Wright
    • , Jorina von Zimmermann
    • , Michael Pasek
    • , Anna Lisa Aydin
    • , Iris Žeželj
    • , Adrienne Pereira
    • , Nóra Anna Lantos
    • , Mario Sainz
    • , Andreas Glenz
    • , Hana Oberpfalzerová
    • , Michal Bilewicz
    • , Anna Kende
    • , Olga Kuzawinska
    • , Sabine Otten
    • , Edona Maloku
    • , Masi Noor
    • , Pelin Gul
    • , Jessica Pistella
    • , Roberto Baiocco
    • , Margareta Jelic
    • , Evgeny Osin
    • , Orly Bareket
    • , Dinka Corkalo Biruski
    • , Jonathan E. Cook
    • , Maneeza Dawood
    • , Lisa Droogendyk
    • , Angélica Herrera Loyo
    • , Kaltrina Kelmendi
    •  & Luiza Mugnol Ugarte
  • Resource |

    The COVID-19 Government Response Event Dataset (CoronaNet v.1.0) compiles real time, publicly available (https://coronanet-project.org) data on policy announcements made in response to the COVID-19 pandemic across the world.

    • Cindy Cheng
    • , Joan Barceló
    • , Allison Spencer Hartnett
    • , Robert Kubinec
    •  & Luca Messerschmidt
  • Article |

    Lopez and Rodo explore post-lockdown scenarios by using a stochastic modified SEIR model, showing that lockdowns should last at least 60 days to avoid a second wave of infection. Social distancing, increasing awareness and personal protective behaviours could replace lockdowns.

    • Leonardo López
    •  & Xavier Rodó
  • Perspective |

    Lorenz-Spreen et al. argue that effective web governance is needed to empower individuals online. They describe two classes of behavioural interventions—nudging and boosting— that can help redesign online environments for informed and autonomous choice

    • Philipp Lorenz-Spreen
    • , Stephan Lewandowsky
    • , Cass R. Sunstein
    •  & Ralph Hertwig
  • Registered Report |

    In this Registered Report, Berens et al. demonstrate that forgetting predominantly involves losses in memory accessibility with little or no change in memory precision.

    • Sam C. Berens
    • , Blake A. Richards
    •  & Aidan J. Horner
  • Registered Report |

    An influential 2005 study by Kosfeld et al. suggested that oxytocin increases trust in strangers. This registered replication study by some of the original authors found no effect of oxytocin on trusting behaviour under the same conditions.

    • Carolyn H. Declerck
    • , Christophe Boone
    • , Loren Pauwels
    • , Bodo Vogt
    •  & Ernst Fehr
  • Article |

    Guan et al. analyse the impacts of COVID-19 restrictions on global supply chains. Earlier, stricter and shorter lockdowns can minimize overall losses. A ‘go-slow’ approach to lifting restrictions may reduce overall damages if it avoids the need for further lockdowns.

    • Dabo Guan
    • , Daoping Wang
    • , Stephane Hallegatte
    • , Steven J. Davis
    • , Jingwen Huo
    • , Shuping Li
    • , Yangchun Bai
    • , Tianyang Lei
    • , Qianyu Xue
    • , D’Maris Coffman
    • , Danyang Cheng
    • , Peipei Chen
    • , Xi Liang
    • , Bing Xu
    • , Xiaosheng Lu
    • , Shouyang Wang
    • , Klaus Hubacek
    •  & Peng Gong
  • Article |

    Maier, Raja Beharelle et al. provide a computational model of the decision process that quantifies the temporal dynamics of weighing different attributes. Their time-varying drift diffusion model reveals latent individual differences in decision-making.

    • Silvia U. Maier
    • , Anjali Raja Beharelle
    • , Rafael Polanía
    • , Christian C. Ruff
    •  & Todd A. Hare
  • Article |

    A new study shows that chimpanzees possess a highly diverse culture of termite fishing that differs strongly among groups. Individuals copy group-specific techniques, and their combinations, with high conformity to maintain a unique group culture.

    • Christophe Boesch
    • , Ammie K. Kalan
    • , Roger Mundry
    • , Mimi Arandjelovic
    • , Simone Pika
    • , Paula Dieguez
    • , Emmanuel Ayuk Ayimisin
    • , Amanda Barciela
    • , Charlotte Coupland
    • , Villard Ebot Egbe
    • , Manasseh Eno-Nku
    • , J. Michael Fay
    • , David Fine
    • , R. Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar
    • , Veerle Hermans
    • , Parag Kadam
    • , Mohamed Kambi
    • , Manuel Llana
    • , Giovanna Maretti
    • , David Morgan
    • , Mizuki Murai
    • , Emily Neil
    • , Sonia Nicholl
    • , Lucy Jayne Ormsby
    • , Robinson Orume
    • , Liliana Pacheco
    • , Alex Piel
    • , Crickette Sanz
    • , Lilah Sciaky
    • , Fiona A. Stewart
    • , Nikki Tagg
    • , Erin G. Wessling
    • , Jacob Willie
    •  & Hjalmar S. Kühl
  • Article |

    Prosocial behaviours are ubiquitous in nature. These building blocks of cooperative societies can come in many forms, depending on how the underlying social good is produced and distributed. In this study, the authors show that heterogeneous populations can strongly promote the evolution of prosocial behaviours. However, this efficient evolution reveals a thorny side of prosocial behaviours: they generate the possibility of widespread wealth inequality, even to the point of being a detriment to the poorest in the population. The authors provide a general framework that can be used to understand when this harmful prosociality will emerge in a population. These findings suggest that institutional interventions are often essential for maintaining equitable outcomes in heterogeneous societies.

    • Alex McAvoy
    • , Benjamin Allen
    •  & Martin A. Nowak
  • Article |

    Using large-scale data, Kraemer et al. find that human mobility patterns vary across the globe and in scale by environmental and sociodemographic contexts. There are tenfold differences in mobility patterns depending on the countries’ economic development.

    • Moritz U. G. Kraemer
    • , Adam Sadilek
    • , Qian Zhang
    • , Nahema A. Marchal
    • , Gaurav Tuli
    • , Emily L. Cohn
    • , Yulin Hswen
    • , T. Alex Perkins
    • , David L. Smith
    • , Robert C. Reiner Jr
    •  & John S. Brownstein
  • Article |

    In a sample of over 4,000 participants from 19 countries, the core patterns from a highly influential study on behaviour and decision-making broadly replicate, with only minor exceptions and somewhat smaller effect sizes.

    • Kai Ruggeri
    • , Sonia Alí
    • , Mari Louise Berge
    • , Giulia Bertoldo
    • , Ludvig D. Bjørndal
    • , Anna Cortijos-Bernabeu
    • , Clair Davison
    • , Emir Demić
    • , Celia Esteban-Serna
    • , Maja Friedemann
    • , Shannon P. Gibson
    • , Hannes Jarke
    • , Ralitsa Karakasheva
    • , Peggah R. Khorrami
    • , Jakob Kveder
    • , Thomas Lind Andersen
    • , Ingvild S. Lofthus
    • , Lucy McGill
    • , Ana E. Nieto
    • , Jacobo Pérez
    • , Sahana K. Quail
    • , Charlotte Rutherford
    • , Felice L. Tavera
    • , Nastja Tomat
    • , Chiara Van Reyn
    • , Bojana Većkalov
    • , Keying Wang
    • , Aleksandra Yosifova
    • , Francesca Papa
    • , Enrico Rubaltelli
    • , Sander van der Linden
    •  & Tomas Folke
  • Perspective |

    Leroi et al. argue that neutral models, which are evolutionary models that do not involve a process of natural selection, must be applied with care, and that alternative methods are often needed to conclusively explain the diversity of variants.

    • Armand M. Leroi
    • , Ben Lambert
    • , James Rosindell
    • , Xiangyu Zhang
    •  & Giorgos D. Kokkoris
  • Article |

    Adolescents are prone to risky decisions. In a two-step approach, splitting a database of adolescents’ responses in a foraging task into discovery and confirmation samples, Bach et al. show that sex is the largest predictor of risky decisions.

    • Dominik R. Bach
    • , Michael Moutoussis
    • , Aislinn Bowler
    • , Michael Moutoussis
    • , Aislinn Bowler
    • , Raymond J. Dolan
    •  & Raymond J. Dolan