Perspectives

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  • Nielsen et al. argue for more involvement of behavioural scientists in addressing the challenge of globally increasing biodiversity loss, identifying important gaps in existing knowledge and outlining core components for a robust evidence base.

    • Kristian Steensen Nielsen
    • Theresa M. Marteau
    • Andrew Balmford
    Perspective
  • How can we determine the best way of measuring a psychological construct? Bach et al. propose a ‘retrodictive validity’ approach, in which candidate methods are ranked based on their sensitivity to detect known effects, with the most sensitive then being favoured for use in novel scenarios.

    • Dominik R. Bach
    • Filip Melinščak
    • Manuel C. Voelkle
    Perspective
  • Dubois and colleagues describe how a testable framework for personality research, delineating personality’s causal and constitutive relations with genes, environment, brain, mind and behaviour will benefit the field.

    • Julien Dubois
    • Frederick Eberhardt
    • Ralph Adolphs
    Perspective
  • Giurge and Whillans et al. highlight the problem of time poverty, explore the factors that drive it, discuss its personal and social consequences, and call for more research attention to this pervasive form of poverty.

    • Laura M. Giurge
    • Ashley V. Whillans
    • Colin West
    Perspective
  • Lorenz-Spreen et al. argue that effective web governance is needed to empower individuals online. They describe two classes of behavioural interventions—nudging and boosting— that can help redesign online environments for informed and autonomous choice

    • Philipp Lorenz-Spreen
    • Stephan Lewandowsky
    • Ralph Hertwig
    Perspective
  • Leroi et al. argue that neutral models, which are evolutionary models that do not involve a process of natural selection, must be applied with care, and that alternative methods are often needed to conclusively explain the diversity of variants.

    • Armand M. Leroi
    • Ben Lambert
    • Giorgos D. Kokkoris
    Perspective
  • Behaviour change is crucial to preventing SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the absence of pharmaceutical interventions. West et al. argue that we urgently need effective interventions to increase adherence to personal protective behaviours.

    • Robert West
    • Susan Michie
    • Richard Amlôt
    Perspective
  • Forty-three experts highlight some key insights from the social and behavioural sciences for effective response to the COVID-19 pandemic and point out important gaps researchers should move quickly to fill in the coming weeks and months.

    • Jay J. Van Bavel
    • Katherine Baicker
    • Robb Willer
    Perspective
  • Claessens et al. propose that the two dimensions of political ideology identified by previous research correspond to two key shifts in the evolution of human group living: a shift towards cooperation and a shift towards group conformity.

    • Scott Claessens
    • Kyle Fischer
    • Quentin D. Atkinson
    Perspective
  • Many decisions in life involve deliberating about trade-offs between sooner and later outcomes. Bulley and Schacter argue that the mechanisms of prospection and metacognition are integral to deliberation in intertemporal choice.

    • Adam Bulley
    • Daniel L. Schacter
    Perspective
  • Sharot and Sunstein propose a framework of information-seeking, whereby individuals decide to seek or avoid information based on combined estimates of the potential impact of information on their action, affect and cognition.

    • Tali Sharot
    • Cass R. Sunstein
    Perspective
  • This perspective discusses the theoretical and statistical foundations of the analyses of inter-individual differences in task-related functional MRI, offering recommendations for improving statistical validity and interpretability of inter-individual differences in functional MRI.

    • Maël Lebreton
    • Sophie Bavard
    • Stefano Palminteri
    Perspective
  • Núñez et al. use bibliometric and socio-institutional indicators to show that over the years, cognitive science has failed to transition to a mature, coherent, interdisciplinary field.

    • Rafael Núñez
    • Michael Allen
    • Arturs Semenuks
    Perspective
  • How do the arguments and insights of neoclassical and behavioural economics relate to one another? Aumann offers a synthesis of the two approaches based on the concept of rule-rationality.

    • Robert J. Aumann
    Perspective
  • How do people seek to reduce uncertainty in social interactions? FeldmanHall & Shenhav propose a three-part model: first through more automatic impression formation, then more effortful perspective-taking, and finally by seeking and learning about additional information that can update their predictions

    • Oriel FeldmanHall
    • Amitai Shenhav
    Perspective
  • Why do people engage in collective decisions? El Zein, Bahrami & Hertwig argue that—through sharing responsibility—joint decisions protect individuals from possible negative consequences of difficult decisions by reducing regret and stress and helping avoid punishment.

    • Marwa El Zein
    • Bahador Bahrami
    • Ralph Hertwig
    Perspective
  • Neurofeedback training is considered a promising tool in psychiatric intervention. To enable neurofeedback to fulfil its promise, Lubianiker et al introduce a process-based neurofeedback framework to guide future research and interventions.

    • Nitzan Lubianiker
    • Noam Goldway
    • Talma Hendler
    Perspective