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  • Hardwick et al. show that habits in human behaviour consist of automatic preparation of an action in response to a trigger. Even though we can learn to control habits to perform different action responses, under time pressure, habitual responses resurface.

    • Robert M. Hardwick
    • Alexander D. Forrence
    • Adrian M. Haith
  • Over two experiments and a replication, Molleman and colleagues show that, in cooperative interactions, people prefer to sanction their free-riding peers jointly with others rather than individually.

    • Lucas Molleman
    • Felix Kölle
    • Simon Gächter
  • Would you rather lose your job to a robot or a human? Granulo et al. show that people’s preference for humans to take on the jobs of humans reverses when they consider their own jobs: when it comes to themselves, humans prefer being replaced by robots.

    • Armin Granulo
    • Christoph Fuchs
    • Stefano Puntoni
  • Why are people so often overconfident? Schwardmann and van der Weele show that people self-deceive into higher confidence if they have the opportunity to persuade others for profit and that higher confidence aides persuasion.

    • Peter Schwardmann
    • Joël van der Weele
  • Young children switched to a preference for an aversive conditioned stimulus if acquisition occurred in the presence of their parent. Results suggest that early learning systems are constructed to permit modification by parental presence.

    • Nim Tottenham
    • Mor Shapiro
    • Regina M. Sullivan
  • Does holding a rose in mind make you see the world through rose-tinted glasses? Combining working memory and perceptual decision-making tasks in three studies, Teng and Kravitz show that internal representations can affect perception of the environment.

    • Chunyue Teng
    • Dwight J. Kravitz
  • Porfiri et al. show that firearm acquisitions in the United States increase with mass shootings, and this growth may be driven by anticipation of stricter regulations as media coverage about gun control increases with shooting events.

    • Maurizio Porfiri
    • Raghu Ram Sattanapalle
    • Rifat Sipahi
  • What aspect of faces do we use to recognize familiar people? Zhan et al. model the three-dimensional information contents that represent faces in the memory of their colleagues. This information is relevant for recognition across viewpoints, age and sex.

    • Jiayu Zhan
    • Oliver G. B. Garrod
    • Philippe G. Schyns
  • Risi et al. apply machine learning prediction models to nearly two million US Department of State cables from the 1970s to show that, although it is possible to develop ‘artificial archivists’, historical significance is extremely difficult to predict.

    • Joseph Risi
    • Amit Sharma
    • Duncan J. Watts
  • Using misconduct data on 35,000 officers and staff from London’s Metropolitan Police Service, researchers demonstrate that earlier misconduct among peers causes an increase in an officer’s own current misconduct.

    • Edika G. Quispe-Torreblanca
    • Neil Stewart
  • Fung et al. show that participants’ trait anxiety is associated with earlier escape decisions when facing slowly approaching threats. Anxiety correlates with task-driven blood-oxygen-level-dependent activity in the cognitive fear circuits.

    • Bowen J. Fung
    • Song Qi
    • Dean Mobbs
  • Attention and working memory both fluctuate over time. Here deBettencourt et al. demonstrate that fluctuations in attention and memory in distinct tasks are synchronous, providing additional evidence for the tight integration of these cognitive processes.

    • Megan T. deBettencourt
    • Paul A. Keene
    • Edward K. Vogel
  • By analysing data from more than 4,500 9- to 10-year-olds, Dick et al. found no evidence that bilingual children have an advantage in executive functions, the cognitive abilities that are central to the voluntary control of thoughts and behaviours.

    • Anthony Steven Dick
    • Nelcida L. Garcia
    • Raul Gonzalez