Articles

  • Article |

    How do young learners decide when and how to try in challenging situations? Lucca et al. find that infants dynamically integrate first-hand experience with social information to selectively persist when their hard work is likely to pay off.

    • Kelsey Lucca
    • , Rachel Horton
    •  & Jessica A. Sommerville
  • Article |

    Modern culture appears to change at a rapid rate compared with biological evolution. Lambert et al. test this and find that the pace of modern cultural evolution is surprisingly slow—slower than, for example, changes seen in Darwin’s finches.

    • Ben Lambert
    • , Georgios Kontonatsios
    • , Matthias Mauch
    • , Theodore Kokkoris
    • , Matthew Jockers
    • , Sophia Ananiadou
    •  & Armand M. Leroi
  • Article |

    Matoba et al. performed GWAS on 13 dietary habits in Japanese individuals, identifying ten new associations in eight traits and five dietary-trait-associated loci with pleiotropic effects on multiple human disease and clinical measurements.

    • Nana Matoba
    • , Masato Akiyama
    • , Kazuyoshi Ishigaki
    • , Masahiro Kanai
    • , Atsushi Takahashi
    • , Yukihide Momozawa
    • , Shiro Ikegawa
    • , Masashi Ikeda
    • , Nakao Iwata
    • , Makoto Hirata
    • , Koichi Matsuda
    • , Yoshinori Murakami
    • , Michiaki Kubo
    • , Yoichiro Kamatani
    •  & Yukinori Okada
  • Article |

    Tropical tree and shrub microparticles uncovered from ancient human tooth plaque in Vanuatu show that early colonists were horticulturalists and foragers who adapted to and modified their environments depending on their local ecology and subsistence needs.

    • Monica Tromp
    • , Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith
    • , Rebecca Kinaston
    • , Stuart Bedford
    • , Matthew Spriggs
    •  & Hallie Buckley
  • Article |

    Using administrative data on 4 million citizens from two nations, Richmond-Rakerd et al. find that multiple health and social problems cluster in a population segment with low workforce readiness, including low education and poor early-life mental health.

    • Leah S. Richmond-Rakerd
    • , Stephanie D’Souza
    • , Signe Hald Andersen
    • , Sean Hogan
    • , Renate M. Houts
    • , Richie Poulton
    • , Sandhya Ramrakha
    • , Avshalom Caspi
    • , Barry J. Milne
    •  & Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Article |

    Li et al. show that human value-based decision-making can be modelled using the quantum reinforcement learning framework. These new models reveal the importance of the medial frontal cortex in this quantum-like decision-making process.

    • Ji-An Li
    • , Daoyi Dong
    • , Zhengde Wei
    • , Ying Liu
    • , Yu Pan
    • , Franco Nori
    •  & Xiaochu Zhang
  • Article |

    Stolier et al. find that people apply their learned conceptual associations between personality traits across social perception, from which emerges the common, yet dynamic, structure observed across social cognition (for example, competence and warmth).

    • Ryan M. Stolier
    • , Eric Hehman
    •  & Jonathan B. Freeman
  • Article |

    Balland et al. use data on scientific papers, patents, employment and GDP for 353 metropolitan areas in the United States to show that economic complexity drives the spatial concentration of productive activities in large cities.

    • Pierre-Alexandre Balland
    • , Cristian Jara-Figueroa
    • , Sergio G. Petralia
    • , Mathieu P. A. Steijn
    • , David L. Rigby
    •  & César A. Hidalgo
  • Article |

    The role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in decision-making and cognitive control is the subject of a long-standing debate. Vassena et al. tested the dominant accounts in the same paradigm and found that the ACC signals the difference between predicted and actual outcomes.

    • Eliana Vassena
    • , James Deraeve
    •  & William H. Alexander
  • Article |

    Kvarven, Strømland and Johannesson compare meta-analyses to multiple-laboratory replication projects and find that meta-analyses overestimate effect sizes by a factor of almost three. Commonly used methods of adjusting for publication bias do not substantively improve results.

    • Amanda Kvarven
    • , Eirik Strømland
    •  & Magnus Johannesson
  • Article |

    The media can shape the collective memory of a nation. A new study reports that the organization of memory traces for World War II events in the brain follows the same structure as the collective memory schema derived from television coverage.

    • Pierre Gagnepain
    • , Thomas Vallée
    • , Serge Heiden
    • , Matthieu Decorde
    • , Jean-Luc Gauvain
    • , Antoine Laurent
    • , Carine Klein-Peschanski
    • , Fausto Viader
    • , Denis Peschanski
    •  & Francis Eustache
  • Article |

    Subtle economic status cues from clothes affect perceived competence from faces even when perceivers are warned that such cues are non-informative or are instructed and incentivized to ignore them. This bias puts low-income individuals at a disadvantage.

    • DongWon Oh
    • , Eldar Shafir
    •  & Alexander Todorov
  • Article |

    Van de Vliert finds that differentiation between ingroups and outgroups co-varies with latitude, but not longitude. Differentiation is highest closer to the equator, and this pattern may be explained by ecological conditions in tropical regions.

    • Evert Van de Vliert
  • Article |

    Scholars have long disagreed about how best to achieve stable national democracy. Ruck et al. show that democratization follows from an intergenerational build-up of democratic cultural values, without which democracy is liable to fail.

    • Damian J. Ruck
    • , Luke J. Matthews
    • , Thanos Kyritsis
    • , Quentin D. Atkinson
    •  & R. Alexander Bentley
  • Article |

    Bellmund et al. use immersive virtual reality combined with successor representation modelling to show that environmental geometry distorts human spatial memory consistent with deformations of grid-cell firing patterns in navigating rodents.

    • Jacob L. S. Bellmund
    • , William de Cothi
    • , Tom A. Ruiter
    • , Matthias Nau
    • , Caswell Barry
    •  & Christian F. Doeller
  • Article |

    Schad et al. find that, during Pavlovian conditioning, model-free striatal reward prediction errors are present in a group of sign-tracking humans, while goal-tracking humans show learning signals from a model-based system instead.

    • Daniel J. Schad
    • , Michael A. Rapp
    • , Maria Garbusow
    • , Stephan Nebe
    • , Miriam Sebold
    • , Elisabeth Obst
    • , Christian Sommer
    • , Lorenz Deserno
    • , Milena Rabovsky
    • , Eva Friedel
    • , Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth
    • , Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
    • , Ulrich S. Zimmermann
    • , Henrik Walter
    • , Philipp Sterzer
    • , Michael N. Smolka
    • , Florian Schlagenhauf
    • , Andreas Heinz
    • , Peter Dayan
    •  & Quentin J. M. Huys
  • Article |

    All anxiety disorders are characterized by sleep disruption. Ben Simon et al. develop a neural framework of sleep-loss-induced anxiety, one that emphasizes NREM sleep as a therapeutic target for anxiety amelioration.

    • Eti Ben Simon
    • , Aubrey Rossi
    • , Allison G. Harvey
    •  & Matthew P. Walker
  • Article |

    Recent accounts of overconfidence suggest it helps individuals reach higher status in groups by making them seem more competent. Lyons et al. show that lobbyists with higher social status (for example, higher income) are more likely to overrate their own success.

    • Benjamin A. Lyons
    • , Amy Melissa McKay
    •  & Jason Reifler
  • Article |

    Using physician stress as a model stressor, Fang et al. demonstrate that the polygenic risk score for major depressive disorder is a stronger predictor of depression under stress than under baseline conditions and may be particularly useful for identifying resilience.

    • Yu Fang
    • , Laura Scott
    • , Peter Song
    • , Margit Burmeister
    •  & Srijan Sen
  • Article |

    When an automated car harms someone, who is blamed by those who hear about it? Over five studies, Awad et al. find that drivers are blamed more than their automated cars when both make mistakes.

    • Edmond Awad
    • , Sydney Levine
    • , Max Kleiman-Weiner
    • , Sohan Dsouza
    • , Joshua B. Tenenbaum
    • , Azim Shariff
    • , Jean-François Bonnefon
    •  & Iyad Rahwan
  • Article |

    Abdellaoui et al. examine the geographic distribution of human DNA differences in Great Britain, finding that the geographic distribution of polygenic scores for educational attainment and other complex traits resembles the geographic distribution of economic differences.

    • Abdel Abdellaoui
    • , David Hugh-Jones
    • , Loic Yengo
    • , Kathryn E. Kemper
    • , Michel G. Nivard
    • , Laura Veul
    • , Yan Holtz
    • , Brendan P. Zietsch
    • , Timothy M. Frayling
    • , Naomi R. Wray
    • , Jian Yang
    • , Karin J. H. Verweij
    •  & Peter M. Visscher
  • Article |

    Here we demonstrate that patients’ pain experiences are directly modulated by providers’ expectations of treatment outcomes in a simulated clinical interaction, providing evidence of a socially transmitted placebo effect.

    • Pin-Hao A. Chen
    • , Jin Hyun Cheong
    • , Eshin Jolly
    • , Hirsh Elhence
    • , Tor D. Wager
    •  & Luke J. Chang
  • Article |

    Ing et al. develop a method of establishing direct relationships between psychiatric symptoms and neuroimaging measures of brain structure and function and use it to stratify adolescent psychopathology on the basis of underlying biology. They replicate their results in independent clinical samples.

    • Alex Ing
    • , Philipp G. Sämann
    • , Congying Chu
    • , Nicole Tay
    • , Francesca Biondo
    • , Gabriel Robert
    • , Tianye Jia
    • , Thomas Wolfers
    • , Sylvane Desrivières
    • , Tobias Banaschewski
    • , Arun L. W. Bokde
    • , Uli Bromberg
    • , Christian Büchel
    • , Patricia Conrod
    • , Tahmine Fadai
    • , Herta Flor
    • , Vincent Frouin
    • , Hugh Garavan
    • , Philip A. Spechler
    • , Penny Gowland
    • , Yvonne Grimmer
    • , Andreas Heinz
    • , Bernd Ittermann
    • , Viola Kappel
    • , Jean-Luc Martinot
    • , Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg
    • , Sabina Millenet
    • , Frauke Nees
    • , Betteke van Noort
    • , Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos
    • , Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot
    • , Jani Penttilä
    • , Luise Poustka
    • , Erin Burke Quinlan
    • , Michael N. Smolka
    • , Argyris Stringaris
    • , Maren Struve
    • , Ilya M. Veer
    • , Henrik Walter
    • , Robert Whelan
    • , Ole A. Andreassen
    • , Ingrid Agartz
    • , Hervé Lemaitre
    • , Edward D. Barker
    • , John Ashburner
    • , Elisabeth Binder
    • , Jan Buitelaar
    • , Andre Marquand
    • , Trevor W. Robbins
    •  & Gunter Schumann
  • Article |

    In a cross-cultural study of eight diverse societies, House et al. provide evidence that links societal variation in prosociality to the development of a universal psychology for responding to social norms.

    • Bailey R. House
    • , Patricia Kanngiesser
    • , H. Clark Barrett
    • , Tanya Broesch
    • , Senay Cebioglu
    • , Alyssa N. Crittenden
    • , Alejandro Erut
    • , Sheina Lew-Levy
    • , Carla Sebastian-Enesco
    • , Andrew Marcus Smith
    • , Süheyla Yilmaz
    •  & Joan B. Silk
  • Article |

    Fonzo et al. found that brain activity during a form of emotional regulation predicted how well individuals with depression would respond to a common antidepressant. Brain function assays may herald a new era of precision medicine in psychiatry.

    • Gregory A. Fonzo
    • , Amit Etkin
    • , Yu Zhang
    • , Wei Wu
    • , Crystal Cooper
    • , Cherise Chin-Fatt
    • , Manish K. Jha
    • , Joseph Trombello
    • , Thilo Deckersbach
    • , Phil Adams
    • , Melvin McInnis
    • , Patrick J. McGrath
    • , Myrna M. Weissman
    • , Maurizio Fava
    •  & Madhukar H. Trivedi
  • Article |

    Using a real-world navigation task, Bécu et al. find a preference for geometry-based navigation in older adults, and for landmark-based navigation in younger people. Older adults also show a decreased capacity to take perspective from landmarks.

    • Marcia Bécu
    • , Denis Sheynikhovich
    • , Guillaume Tatur
    • , Catherine Persephone Agathos
    • , Luca Leonardo Bologna
    • , José-Alain Sahel
    •  & Angelo Arleo
  • Article |

    Smaldino et al. develop a formal model to explain cross-cultural differences in personality structure. Complex societies with more diverse niches show less covariation among behavioural traits, resulting in greater variability in personality types.

    • Paul E. Smaldino
    • , Aaron Lukaszewski
    • , Christopher von Rueden
    •  & Michael Gurven
  • Article |

    Dahl et al. use neuromelanin-sensitive neuroimaging in a cohort of participants spanning ages 25 to 83 and report that ‘youth-like’ rostral locus coeruleus integrity is associated with better memory performance in the elderly.

    • Martin J. Dahl
    • , Mara Mather
    • , Sandra Düzel
    • , Nils C. Bodammer
    • , Ulman Lindenberger
    • , Simone Kühn
    •  & Markus Werkle-Bergner
  • Article |

    Comparing the behaviour of humans and monkeys, Farashahi et al. show that both species take uncertainty into account when weighing reward value and probability. Both species switch to a more flexible strategy for weighing information during learning.

    • Shiva Farashahi
    • , Christopher H. Donahue
    • , Benjamin Y. Hayden
    • , Daeyeol Lee
    •  & Alireza Soltani
  • Article |

    Lieder et al. leverage artificial intelligence to redesign our to-do lists into games that make us more productive. Four experiments suggest that their approach can help people make better decisions, overcome procrastination and prioritize better.

    • Falk Lieder
    • , Owen X. Chen
    • , Paul M. Krueger
    •  & Thomas L. Griffiths
  • Article |

    Cross-culturally, humans have extensive childcare systems that help parents raise their children. Page et al. examine 1,701 alloparent–child dyads in Agta people, finding that both kin selection and reciprocity are important predictors of alloparenting.

    • Abigail E. Page
    • , Matthew G. Thomas
    • , Daniel Smith
    • , Mark Dyble
    • , Sylvain Viguier
    • , Nikhil Chaudhary
    • , Gul Deniz Salali
    • , James Thompson
    • , Ruth Mace
    •  & Andrea B. Migliano
  • Article |

    Lee et al. show people's biases in social perception can be explained merely by the structure of their social networks, without assuming biased cognition. Social perception biases can be explained by homophily of personal networks and minority-group size.

    • Eun Lee
    • , Fariba Karimi
    • , Claudia Wagner
    • , Hang-Hyun Jo
    • , Markus Strohmaier
    •  & Mirta Galesic
  • Article |

    Chenoweth and Belgioioso describe the momentum of protest movements as the product of the number of participants (mass) and concentration of events in time (velocity). Higher momentum is associated with a higher probability of irregular leader exit.

    • Erica Chenoweth
    •  & Margherita Belgioioso
  • Article |

    Comparing white matter disconnectivity across 12 psychiatric and neurological disorders, this study finds that the connections most important for global communication and network integration are particularly vulnerable to alterations across multiple brain disorders.

    • Siemon C. de Lange
    • , Lianne H. Scholtens
    • , Leonard H. van den Berg
    • , Marco P. Boks
    • , Marco Bozzali
    • , Wiepke Cahn
    • , Udo Dannlowski
    • , Sarah Durston
    • , Elbert Geuze
    • , Neeltje E. M. van Haren
    • , Manon H. J. Hillegers
    • , Kathrin Koch
    • , María Ángeles Jurado
    • , Matteo Mancini
    • , Idoia Marqués-Iturria
    • , Susanne Meinert
    • , Roel A. Ophoff
    • , Tim J. Reess
    • , Jonathan Repple
    • , René S. Kahn
    •  & Martijn P. van den Heuvel
  • Article |

    Do people think that behaviour is due to genetics, regardless of whether it’s good or bad? Here Lebowitz et al. find that people think prosocial behaviour is more influenced by genetics than antisocial behaviour; this asymmetry seems to be motivated by people’s desire to blame wrongdoers.

    • Matthew S. Lebowitz
    • , Kathryn Tabb
    •  & Paul S. Appelbaum
  • Article |

    A study of genetic associations identifies 46 new loci associated with alcohol consumption. By assessing their function and potential pleiotropy, the authors suggest genetic mechanisms that are shared with neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia.

    • Evangelos Evangelou
    • , He Gao
    • , Congying Chu
    • , Georgios Ntritsos
    • , Paul Blakeley
    • , Andrew R. Butts
    • , Raha Pazoki
    • , Hideaki Suzuki
    • , Fotios Koskeridis
    • , Andrianos M. Yiorkas
    • , Ibrahim Karaman
    • , Joshua Elliott
    • , Qiang Luo
    • , Stefanie Aeschbacher
    • , Traci M. Bartz
    • , Sebastian E. Baumeister
    • , Peter S. Braund
    • , Michael R. Brown
    • , Jennifer A. Brody
    • , Toni-Kim Clarke
    • , Niki Dimou
    • , Jessica D. Faul
    • , Georg Homuth
    • , Anne U. Jackson
    • , Katherine A. Kentistou
    • , Peter K. Joshi
    • , Rozenn N. Lemaitre
    • , Penelope A. Lind
    • , Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen
    • , Massimo Mangino
    • , Yuri Milaneschi
    • , Christopher P. Nelson
    • , Ilja M. Nolte
    • , Mia-Maria Perälä
    • , Ozren Polasek
    • , David Porteous
    • , Scott M. Ratliff
    • , Jennifer A. Smith
    • , Alena Stančáková
    • , Alexander Teumer
    • , Samuli Tuominen
    • , Sébastien Thériault
    • , Jagadish Vangipurapu
    • , John B. Whitfield
    • , Alexis Wood
    • , Jie Yao
    • , Bing Yu
    • , Wei Zhao
    • , Dan E. Arking
    • , Juha Auvinen
    • , Chunyu Liu
    • , Minna Männikkö
    • , Lorenz Risch
    • , Jerome I. Rotter
    • , Harold Snieder
    • , Juha Veijola
    • , Alexandra I. Blakemore
    • , Michael Boehnke
    • , Harry Campbell
    • , David Conen
    • , Johan G. Eriksson
    • , Hans J. Grabe
    • , Xiuqing Guo
    • , Pim van der Harst
    • , Catharina A. Hartman
    • , Caroline Hayward
    • , Andrew C. Heath
    • , Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin
    • , Mika Kähönen
    • , Sharon L. R. Kardia
    • , Michael Kühne
    • , Johanna Kuusisto
    • , Markku Laakso
    • , Jari Lahti
    • , Terho Lehtimäki
    • , Andrew M. McIntosh
    • , Karen L. Mohlke
    • , Alanna C. Morrison
    • , Nicholas G. Martin
    • , Albertine J. Oldehinkel
    • , Brenda W. J. H. Penninx
    • , Bruce M. Psaty
    • , Olli T. Raitakari
    • , Igor Rudan
    • , Nilesh J. Samani
    • , Laura J. Scott
    • , Tim D. Spector
    • , Niek Verweij
    • , David R. Weir
    • , James F. Wilson
    • , Daniel Levy
    • , Ioanna Tzoulaki
    • , Jimmy D. Bell
    • , Paul M. Matthews
    • , Adrian Rothenfluh
    • , Sylvane Desrivières
    • , Gunter Schumann
    •  & Paul Elliott