• illustration of human figure raking up computer code

    The rapid development of generative AI has brought about a paradigm shift in content creation, knowledge representation and communication. This Focus explores the new opportunities AI tools offer for science and society. Our authors also confront the numerous challenges intelligent machines pose and explore strategies to tackle them.

  • Pencils of many different colours

    Lack of diversity, equity and inclusion is harmful both for individual scientists and the scientific enterprise as a whole. The contributions in this collection highlight problems and propose solutions on how to make science more equitable, inclusive and diverse for the benefit of all.

Nature Human Behaviour is a Transformative Journal; authors can publish using the traditional publishing route OR via immediate gold Open Access.

Our Open Access option complies with funder and institutional requirements.


  • By combining advanced mathematical modelling with data from a rare sample of patients with brain damage, the authors show that a specific part of the brain in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex is associated with putting in effort to help other people.

    • Patricia L. Lockwood
    • Jo Cutler
    • Sanjay G. Manohar
    ArticleOpen Access
  • A mathematical model of the evolution and development of hominin brain size suggests that the evolution of a larger brain size in humans may have been driven by changes in developmental constraints rather than selection for brain size.

    • Mauricio González-Forero
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Testing two families of large language models (LLMs) (GPT and LLaMA2) on a battery of measurements spanning different theory of mind abilities, Strachan et al. find that the performance of LLMs can mirror that of humans on most of these tasks. The authors explored potential reasons for this.

    • James W. A. Strachan
    • Dalila Albergo
    • Cristina Becchio
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Behavioural scientists want to see more consideration of context — so why are they not using tools derived from ecology, the science of all life in context? We invite behavioural scientists to align the science of human behaviour with that of behavioural ecology.

    • Marlen Z. Gonzalez
    • Marissa A. Rice
  • Causal inference is needed to understand whether conservation is working. There is a substantial role for behavioural science, as interventions often depend on behaviour change. A focus on design over data, embracing mixed methods and support from funders will help to provide the evidence needed to reverse biodiversity loss.

    • Julia P. G. Jones
    • Ganga Shreedhar
  • As an international student and academic, Thuy-vy T. Nguyen experienced the importance of culturally relevant mentoring first hand. In this World View, she shares her learnings for mentors and mentees.

    • Thuy-vy T. Nguyen
    World View
  • The combination of general anaesthesia and neuroimaging holds unique potential for catalysing integrative and translational discovery about human brains and consciousness. By spanning molecular, cognitive and clinical neuroscience, anaesthesia provides a bridge from molecules to mind across species.

    • Andrea I. Luppi


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