• COVID-19

    The Russian invasion of Ukraine has wreaked death and destruction in the country, with wide-ranging impacts on the global world order. This focus highlights the experiences of Ukrainian scientists – at home and abroad – and provides insights into the many impacts of the war, including food insecurity, sanctions, disinformation, cyberwarfare, mental health, and the refugee crisis.

  • Pencils of many different colours

    Lack of diversity, equity and inclusion is harmful both for individual scientists and the scientific enterprise as a whole. The contributions in this collection highlight problems and propose solutions on how to make science more equitable, inclusive and diverse for the benefit of all.

  • Vaccine vials on a pie chart that's uneven

    Equitable distribution of resources to fight COVID-19 is a global challenge. In this collection of research and opinion articles, researchers, public health officials, intellectual property experts, leaders of international organizations, and activists explain how global inequities in COVID-19 vaccine allocation continue fuelling the pandemic, and discuss ways to address these disparities.

Nature Human Behaviour is a Transformative Journal; authors can publish using the traditional publishing route OR via immediate gold Open Access.

Our Open Access option complies with funder and institutional requirements.


    • Liu and coauthors review the major data sources, measures and analysis methods in the science of science, discussing how recent developments in these fields can help researchers to better predict science-making outcomes and design better science policies.

      • Lu Liu
      • Benjamin F. Jones
      • Dashun Wang
      Review Article
    • The authors summarize the most recent developments in twin studies, recent results from twin studies of new phenotypes and new insights into twinning as a phenotype. They also provide an updated overview of twin concordance and discordance for major diseases and mental disorders.

      • Fiona A. Hagenbeek
      • Jana S. Hirzinger
      • Dorret I. Boomsma
      Review Article
    • Many policymakers turn to the military to reduce crime. Yet, evidence describing the effects of military policing is nearly nonexistent. Blair and Weintraub evaluate the effects of military policing on crime and human rights violations in Cali, Colombia. Their results suggest crime incidence and insecurity perceptions did not decrease, which leaves lessons for the design and implementation of security policies.

      • Santiago Tobon
      News & Views
    • Why do expressions of emotion seem so heightened on social media? Brady et al. argue that extreme moral outrage on social media is not only driven by the producers and sharers of emotional expressions, but also by systematic biases in the way people that perceive moral outrage on social media.

      • Amit Goldenberg
      • Robb Willer
      News & Views
    • Refugee adolescents in German schools have fewer friends and are more often rejected than their classmates. However, refugees are less rejected in more diverse classrooms because, first, other ethnic minority peers are more accepting of refugees and, second, majority-group peers build more positive relationships with refugees in more diverse settings.

      Research Briefing
  • The current science system is unjust — from the systems that determine its membership to its outputs and outcomes. We advocate for contextually responsive, collective action to build a more just science system that demonstrates a relational duty of care to all its participants. To achieve this, we urge the science community to harness the powerful processes of complexity with deliberate intent.

    • Aisling Rayne
    • Hitaua Arahanga-Doyle
    • Tammy E. Steeves
  • Early-career researchers in Australia report dissatisfaction, bullying and questionable research practices. We discuss how this may contribute to the replication crisis and suggest local and international strategies to improve the industry.

    • Katherine Christian
    • Jo-ann Larkins
    • Michael R. Doran
  • On 5 May, the World Health Organization lifted its designation of COVID-19 as a public health emergency of international concern. The abatement of the pandemic represents an extraordinary scientific achievement. However, COVID-19 remains a threat and its effects will continue to be felt for years.

  • Victims frequently report immobility during rape and sexual assault, often using the term ‘freezing’. Neuroscientific evidence suggests fear and threat can block cortical neural circuits for action control, leading to involuntary immobility. Defence arguments that blame victims for freezing are thus inappropriate and unjust.

    • Ebani Dhawan
    • Patrick Haggard
  • The metaverse can improve the accessibility of scientific laboratories and meetings, aid in reproducibility efforts and provide new opportunities for experimental design. But researchers and research institutions must plan ahead and be ready to mitigate potential harms.

    • Diego Gómez-Zará
    • Peter Schiffer
    • Dashun Wang
Coronaviruses floating in a city.

COVID-19 and human behaviour

Human behaviour has been critical in shaping the COVID-19 pandemic, and the actions of individuals, groups, nation states and international bodies all have a role to play in curbing its spread. This means that insights from behavioural and social sciences are and will continue to be invaluable throughout the course of the pandemic. In this Focus, we bring together expert viewpoints from a broad spectrum of disciplines that provide insight into the causes, impacts, and mitigation of the pandemic, highlighting how research on individual and collective behaviour can contribute to an effective response.