Image courtesy of Neja Zupan

Replications do not fail

Our June issue features four replication studies. Regardless of outcome, these studies demonstrate that rigorous replication efforts invariably succeed at moving science forward.

Latest Research

  • Article |

    By synthesizing information on archaeological sites, palaeoclimate reconstructions and ancient DNA, Betti et al. show that the Neolithic expansion in Europe was not a continuous process of diffusion, but a series of climate-driven episodes of varying speeds.

    • Lia Betti
    • , Robert M. Beyer
    • , Eppie R. Jones
    • , Anders Eriksson
    • , Francesca Tassi
    • , Veronika Siska
    • , Michela Leonardi
    • , Pierpaolo Maisano Delser
    • , Lily K. Bentley
    • , Philip R. Nigst
    • , Jay T. Stock
    • , Ron Pinhasi
    •  & Andrea Manica
  • Article |

    A new study presenting two variations of the influential two-stage decision task shows that detailed task instructions lead participants to make model-based choices and that a simple model-free/model-based dichotomy does not describe behaviour well.

    • Carolina Feher da Silva
    •  & Todd A. Hare
  • Article |

    Intracranial brain stimulation in humans elicits a large variety of perceptual, motor and cognitive effects. Fox et al. show strong links between the distribution and content of these responses and the brain’s intrinsic network architecture.

    • Kieran C. R. Fox
    • , Lin Shi
    • , Sori Baek
    • , Omri Raccah
    • , Brett L. Foster
    • , Srijani Saha
    • , Daniel S. Margulies
    • , Aaron Kucyi
    •  & Josef Parvizi
  • Perspective |

    Thirty-two experts propose ten considerations for managing the de-escalation of COVID-19 containment measures while still maintaining public adherence to social and physical distancing.

    • Katrine Bach Habersaat
    • , Cornelia Betsch
    • , Margie Danchin
    • , Cass R. Sunstein
    • , Robert Böhm
    • , Armin Falk
    • , Noel T. Brewer
    • , Saad B. Omer
    • , Martha Scherzer
    • , Sunita Sah
    • , Edward F. Fischer
    • , Andrea E. Scheel
    • , Daisy Fancourt
    • , Shinobu Kitayama
    • , Eve Dubé
    • , Julie Leask
    • , Mohan Dutta
    • , Noni E. MacDonald
    • , Anna Temkina
    • , Andreas Lieberoth
    • , Mark Jackson
    • , Stephan Lewandowsky
    • , Holly Seale
    • , Nils Fietje
    • , Philipp Schmid
    • , Michele Gelfand
    • , Lars Korn
    • , Sarah Eitze
    • , Lisa Felgendreff
    • , Philipp Sprengholz
    • , Cristiana Salvi
    •  & Robb Butler

News & Comment

  • Comment |

    Do purchasable randomised reward mechanisms in video games (loot boxes) constitute gambling? Opinions often rest on whether virtual items obtained from loot boxes have real-world value. Using market data from real transactions, we show that virtual items have real-world monetary value and therefore could be regulated under existing gambling legislation.

    • Aaron Drummond
    • , James D. Sauer
    • , Lauren C. Hall
    • , David Zendle
    •  & Malcolm R. Loudon
  • Comment |

    The scientific community’s response to COVID-19 has resulted in a large volume of research moving through the publication pipeline at extraordinary speed, with a median time from receipt to acceptance of 6 days for journal articles. Although the nature of this emergency warrants accelerated publishing, measures are required to safeguard the integrity of scientific evidence.

    • Adam Palayew
    • , Ole Norgaard
    • , Kelly Safreed-Harmon
    • , Tue Helms Andersen
    • , Lauge Neimann Rasmussen
    •  & Jeffrey V. Lazarus
  • News & Views |

    Stroke can lead to debilitating consequences, including loss of language. An important goal of stroke research is to use machine learning to predict outcomes and response to therapy. A new study compares different approaches to predicting post-stroke outcomes and highlights the need for systematic optimization and validation to ultimately translate scientific insights to clinical settings.

    • Monica D. Rosenberg
    •  & Hayoung Song
  • Editorial |

    This issue features four replication studies. Regardless of their outcome, these studies demonstrate that rigorous replication efforts invariably succeed at improving our state of knowledge and moving fields forward.

  • News & Views |

    Human culture is unique. Or is it? A new study reveals unexpected cultural diversity in the fine-grained details of chimpanzee termite fishing behaviour. These novel findings shed light on the richness of chimpanzee cultural diversity and reveal a narrower gap between the cultures of humans and other apes.

    • Kathelijne Koops
  • Comment |

    Most people in the Western, developed world prefer natural things, especially foods. We posit that there is neither theoretical nor empirical support for the widespread beliefs about the superiority of natural entities with respect to human welfare. Nature is not particularly benevolent.

    • Sydney E. Scott
    •  & Paul Rozin

About the Journal

  • Nature Human Behaviour publishes research of outstanding significance into any aspect of human behaviour: its psychological, biological, and social bases, as well as its origins, development, and disorders. The journal aims to enhance the visibility of research into human behaviour, strengthening its societal reach and impact.

  • We publish a range of content types including original research articles, Reviews, Perspectives, Comments, World Views, News & Views, Correspondences, and Research Highlights that elaborate on significant advances in the field and cover topical issues.

  • Nature Human Behaviour is staffed by a dedicated team of professional editors, with relevant research backgrounds. It is led by Stavroula Kousta, formerly the Editor of Trends in Cognitive Sciences and Senior Editor at PLOS Biology, and also includes Aisha Bradshaw, Jamie Horder, Charlotte Payne, and Anne-Marike Schiffer.

  • In addition to our in-house editors, Nature Human Behaviour has an external advisory panel to assist journal development in science and policy.

  • Contact information for editorial staff, submissions, the press office, institutional access and advertising at Nature Human Behaviour

Videos

  • Witchcraft beliefs are and have been widespread in human societies, but what impact do they have on social interactions and what cultural evolutionary function might they serve? Field experiments and network data show that the witchcraft label ‘Zhu’ influences labour-sharing and reproductive choices in a large network of southwest Chinese villages. Zhu is not an indicator of prosociality, but may function to spite or damage rivals [1]. 1. Mace, R., Thomas, M.G., Wu, J., He, Q., Ji, T. & Tao, Yi. Nat. Hum. Behav. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-017-0271-6 (2018)

  • An illustration of neurofeedback training guided by an animated scenario [1]. Real-time modulations in the amygdala electrical fingerprint signal are reflected by audiovisual changes in the unrest level of a virtual 3D scenario (a typical hospital waiting room), manifested as the ratio between characters sitting down and those loudly protesting at the counter. The video shows an example both for down- and up-regulation training; in the current study [1], only down-regulation training was conducted. The participant consented to appear in the video. 1. Keynan, J. N. et al. Nat Hum. Behav. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0484-3 (2018)

  • Cultural products have a life of their own: academic papers get cited and songs get downloaded. While scholars have studied these patterns, we know little about how to model the decay of attention. In this study Candia and colleagues model the attention received by cultural products, including scientific papers, patents, songs, movies, and biographies, and show that all these decay following a universal bi-exponential function, which may be due to the differing functions of communicative and cultural collective memory [1]. [1]Candia, C., Jara-Figueroa, C., Rodriguez-Sickert, C., Barabási, A.-L. & Hidalgo, C. A. Nat. Hum. Behav. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-04... (2018).

Focus

COVID-19 and human behaviour

GeorgePeters / DigitalVision Vectors / Getty

COVID-19 and human behaviour

Human behaviour has been critical in shaping the COVID-19 pandemic, and the actions of individuals, groups, nation states and international bodies all have a role to play in curbing its spread. This means that insights from behavioural, social and health sciences are and will continue to be invaluable throughout the course of the pandemic. In this Focus, we bring together original research and expert viewpoints from a broad spectrum of disciplines that provide insight into the causes, impacts, and mitigation of the pandemic, highlighting how research on individual and collective behaviour can contribute to an effective response.

Nature events Directory

  • This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

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