Perspectives

Filter By:

Article Type
  • Locally grown agricultural products have been increasingly replaced by their mass market equivalents with consequences for people and the environment. This Perspective explores how multifunctional landscape products can support human well-being and sustainability by examining seven case studies worldwide.

    • María García-Martín
    • Lynn Huntsinger
    • Tobias Plieninger
    Perspective
  • This Perspective proposes a strategy for making Chinese food systems more sustainable, taking into account the interlinkages between agricultural production and food consumption across the supply chain and going beyond agriculture-focused perspectives.

    • Xiaoxi Wang
    • Benjamin Leon Bodirsky
    • Changzheng Yuan
    Perspective
  • Conventional nitrogen fertilizers are costly for human and environmental health. This Perspective discusses barriers and opportunities in designing enhanced-efficiency fertilizers and incorporating these alternative technologies into policy- and decision-making.

    • Shu Kee Lam
    • Uta Wille
    • Deli Chen
    Perspective
  • Achieving yield gains requires more insights into the deterministic pathways of crop yields. This Perspective proposes a wiring diagram as a platform to integrate knowledge of the interrelationships of physiological traits impacting wheat yield potentials and their interactions with the crop developmental stages that can be used to accelerate genetic gains through breeding.

    • Matthew Paul Reynolds
    • Gustavo Ariel Slafer
    • Richard Bailey Flavell
    Perspective
  • Technologies from synthetic biology can be applied to traditional practices in winemaking. Possibilities beyond natural microbial communities exist to improve predictive capabilities for the winemaker vintage to vintage, and introduce new characteristics to wine.

    • Roy S. K. Walker
    • Isak S. Pretorius
    Perspective
  • Systems used to categorize processed foods display variation in the impact of highly processed food on risk factors for non-communicable disease. Clarity is needed on the contribution of nutrients, additives and sensory properties of foods categorized as highly processed to health and disease.

    • Michael J. Gibney
    • Ciarán G. Forde
    Perspective
  • Building productive relationships between farmers and scientists is critical to developing new innovation pathways to solve the challenges of contemporary agriculture. On-farm experimentation (OFE) is an effective approach that brings agricultural stakeholders to support farmers’ own management decisions for agricultural innovation, with digitalization playing a key role in motivating and enabling OFE.

    • Myrtille Lacoste
    • Simon Cook
    • Andrew Hall
    Perspective
  • Addressing trade-offs between the environment, health and inclusion in the quest for sustainable food systems requires integrated and coherent policies. This Perspective proposes a food systems transformation framework that brings these elements together and enables the design of concrete development pathways for food sustainability.

    • F. Gaupp
    • C. Ruggeri Laderchi
    • S. Fan
    Perspective
  • Global redistribution of accumulated nutrients could enhance food security and counteract degradative Earth system processes. Such a redress of unequal nutrient use may be enabled by a ‘one Earth currency’ allowing accumulated rights to nutrients to be traded.

    • Helena Kahiluoto
    • Kate E. Pickett
    • Will Steffen
    Perspective
  • Corporate reporting tools should incorporate equity considerations if they are to cover the true costs of operating in the food system. Looking at natural, social and human capital costs, this study proposes integrated metrics to account for the impact of economic activities across socio-economic, gender, racial, generational and risk-bearing domains.

    • Steven Lord
    • John S. I. Ingram
    Perspective
  • Natural biomass cycling and avoidance of biomass overharvest are the basis of a sustainable food system. This study proposes five guiding principles for biomass use based on the concepts of ecology and circularity, as well as leverage points for their implementation.

    • Abigail Muscat
    • Evelien M. de Olde
    • Imke J. M. de Boer
    Perspective
  • Conventional farming systems are susceptible to various sources of stress, but microalgae, mycoprotein and mealworm can offer healthy and more sustainable diets. This study highlights what makes future foods farming systems resilient and how to unlock their potential.

    • Asaf Tzachor
    • Catherine E. Richards
    • Lauren Holt
    Perspective
  • A framework based on circular economy and business model canvas principles is used to explore pathways towards future seafood sector resilience, elucidating how seafood business models currently operate and highlighting business practices that could increase sustainability.

    • Carly A. Fletcher
    • Rebecca St Clair
    • Maria Sharmina
    Perspective
  • Aquaculture must develop within planetary boundaries. Experience from agriculture, such as in managing monocultures and using genetically modified crops, can inform sustainable solutions for aquaculture.

    • Johnathan A. Napier
    • Richard P. Haslam
    • Mónica B. Betancor
    Perspective
  • Traceability is key to food quality and safety, but its wider implementation is hindered by high costs and technical complexity. A newly proposed mobile-based bidirectional system based on information concatenation through products’ 2D barcodes offers an effective, cheaper and more flexible alternative.

    • Kaiyuan Lin
    • David Chavalarias
    • Masaru Mizoguchi
    Perspective
  • Fusarium wilt, the most destructive and uncontrollable fungal disease affecting banana, has now become a global threat. This Perspective proposes complementary strategies for banana Fusarium wilt management, including revising agrosystems and precision breeding.

    • Yasmín Zorrilla-Fontanesi
    • Laurens Pauwels
    • Rony Swennen
    Perspective