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  • Crop migration driven by climate change can exacerbate environmental pressures. Addressing the technical and socioeconomic challenges that hinder widespread adoption of sustainable practices is crucial for realizing climate-smart agriculture.

    • Shu Kee Lam
    • Deli Chen
    News & Views
  • The complex realities of most countries grappling with zinc deficiency pose challenges to the implementation of highly compliant, mandatory, large-scale food fortification programmes.

    • Nicola M. Lowe
    • Swarnim Gupta
    News & Views
  • Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) play a crucial role in infant health. Yet their production on a large scale presents challenges. A diverse range of HMOs can be effectively produced through plant-based methods, opening up the possibility of using HMOs as prebiotic supplements in a sustainable and cost-effective manner.

    • Huayi Hu
    • Hao Du
    News & Views
  • Crop diversity and cropland area stabilize food production as much as irrigation, but larger countries are likely to benefit more. This relationship can guide policy development and nation-specific management strategies in the pursuit of stable food supplies.

    • Zhenong Jin
    • David Tilman
    News & Views
  • Circularity principles and tipping the ratio of animal- to plant-based proteins towards plant-based diets could largely reduce greenhouse gas emissions and land-use change impacts in the EU28, while avoiding micronutrient losses associated with lower animal-based protein intake.

    • Jon Sampedro
    News & Views
  • Dietary patterns make a substantial contribution to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Research is needed to investigate whether these dietary pattern-level GHG emission contributions can be disaggregated into food product-specific GHG emissions estimates and used to encourage citizens to switch from high- to low-emitting foods.

    • Mark Lawrence
    News & Views
  • A sweet gel from the endocarp of cocoa pods and the concentrated juice of the cocoa fruit pulp can replace sugar in a chocolate recipe, reducing the environmental impact associated with its production and improving the nutritional value of chocolate.

    • Alejandro G. Marangoni
    News & Views
  • Food systems are responsible for around one-third of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, and dish-level emissions are detailed end-use representatives of demand-side emissions. Low-carbon food consumption strategies are therefore linked to the Paris Agreement targets and might determine their achievement.

    • Xiao-Bing Zhang
    • Ugur Soytas
    News & Views
  • Linking spatially explicit inter-city nitrogen pollution transfer embedded in food trade to urbanization pathways and historic agricultural production trends reveals evidence of a ’pollution haven’ phenomenon in China’s Greater Bay Area, exacerbated by impeded agricultural development in less-urbanized surrounding cities.

    • Erik Mathijs
    • Erika De Keyser
    • Kato Van Ruymbeke
    News & Views
  • Society must revisit the currently dominant agricultural production model based on land expansion and intensification. Greenhouse cultivation represents a promising alternative, particularly in the Global South.

    • Jay Ram Lamichhane
    News & Views
  • Estimates of the nutritional value of recreational inland fisheries highlight their importance for aquatic food access and vulnerability to climate change. Yet, communicating the importance of data-poor natural resource sectors remains challenging, particularly when defining sustainable development priorities.

    • Abigail Bennett
    • Jerrold L. Belant
    News & Views
  • The intensification of livestock farming and related global trade are increasingly linked to the expansion of endemic bacterial pathogens, including zoonotic transfers to people. To preserve food security and public health, it is imperative to find measures that counter this trend.

    • Lucy A. Weinert
    • A. W. (Dan) Tucker
    News & Views
  • Management practices including augmenting the ratio of organic to chemical fertilizers, implementing deep application techniques and reintegrating straw into fields can bolster food production while optimizing resource use efficiency and abating nitrogen pollution in China.

    • Yulong Yin
    • Zhenling Cui
    News & Views
  • Matching phosphorus fertilizer applications to optimal thresholds required by crops mitigates the exhaustion of phosphorus resources and promotes agricultural sustainability.

    • Qiumeng Zhong
    • Sai Liang
    News & Views
  • Cropland fragmentation poses a significant threat to agricultural sustainability in China. Rational crop layout is required for different ecological regions to manage the fragmented croplands.

    • Xiaolong Wang
    News & Views
  • Wild forage fish can provide nutrients essential for human health, yet some nutrients may be lost when forage fish are used as aquafeeds. Reallocating a third of food-grade forage fish towards direct human consumption can optimize seafood systems to deliver dietary nutrients for feed and food at different scales.

    • Richard S. Cottrell
    News & Views