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June issue

Minimum-cost nutritionally-adequate diets in the US, pesticide regulation in Brazil, consumer acceptance of food technologies, metabolomics in diet assessment, emerging crop pathogens...and more...

Latest Research

  • Article |

    Livestock greenhouse gas emissions are key to the sustainability of food systems. A spatially explicit analysis of global livestock supply chains shows large variability of nitrogen use efficiency across species, systems, production intensities and the origin and management of animal feed.

    • Aimable Uwizeye
    • , Imke J. M. de Boer
    • , Carolyn I. Opio
    • , Rogier P. O. Schulte
    • , Alessandra Falcucci
    • , Giuseppe Tempio
    • , Félix Teillard
    • , Flavia Casu
    • , Monica Rulli
    • , James N. Galloway
    • , Adrian Leip
    • , Jan Willem Erisman
    • , Timothy P. Robinson
    • , Henning Steinfeld
    •  & Pierre J. Gerber
  • Article |

    Urinary metabolic phenotyping of 1,848 adults in the United States shows that 46 structurally identified metabolites were influenced by intakes of 67 nutrients, and accurately predicted healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns. These urinary biomarkers are diet-derived, stable, measurable and associated with disease risk, thereby representing an advance on traditional ways of obtaining information about dietary patterns.

    • Joram M. Posma
    • , Isabel Garcia-Perez
    • , Gary Frost
    • , Ghadeer S. Aljuraiban
    • , Queenie Chan
    • , Linda Van Horn
    • , Martha Daviglus
    • , Jeremiah Stamler
    • , Elaine Holmes
    • , Paul Elliott
    •  & Jeremy K. Nicholson
  • Article |

    Affordability of dietary patterns varies across countries, thereby affecting the levels of animal- and plant-based foods required to satisfy nutritional demands. Using an optimization model, Chungchunlam et al. reveal the components of the least-cost nutritious diet in the United States.

    • Sylvia M. S. Chungchunlam
    • , Paul J. Moughan
    • , Daniel P. Garrick
    •  & Adam Drewnowski
  • Review Article |

    Consumer acceptance of novel and disruptive technologies is key to their implementation and to building capacity for transforming food systems. Using gene technology, nanotechnology, cultured meat and food irradiation as cases, this Review explores consumer acceptance through the frames of food neophobia, disgust sensitivity and cultural values.

    • Michael Siegrist
    •  & Christina Hartmann
  • Article |

    Phosphorus cycling pathways and their ability to withstand disturbances are crucial to sustainable and sufficient food production. Ecological network analysis applied to a multi-node cycling network in China reveals the sensitivities and entry points for closing the phosphorus cycle.

    • Sai Liang
    • , Yadong Yu
    • , Ali Kharrazi
    • , Brian D. Fath
    • , Cuiyang Feng
    • , Glen T. Daigger
    • , Shaoqing Chen
    • , Tieju Ma
    • , Bing Zhu
    • , Zhifu Mi
    •  & Zhifeng Yang
  • Article |

    Variability in the individual response to dietary interventions has been reported. Here a Dietary Metabotype Score is developed to embody those interindividual responses by coupling data from highly controlled dietary studies with urinary metabolic phenotypes. This score may offer a method to target and to enhance dietary response at the individual level, thereby reducing the burden of diet-related disease at the population level.

    • Isabel Garcia-Perez
    • , Joram M. Posma
    • , Edward S. Chambers
    • , John C. Mathers
    • , John Draper
    • , Manfred Beckmann
    • , Jeremy K. Nicholson
    • , Elaine Holmes
    •  & Gary Frost

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