Volume 1 Issue 1, January 2018

Volume 1 Issue 1

Memristors move analogue computing closer to the edge

Large memristor arrays have been shown to be capable of analogue vector-matrix multiplication, illustrating their potential for use in Internet of Things (IoT) and edge computing applications. The cover shows a photograph of an integrated chip containing memristor crossbar arrays of various sizes.

See Li et al. and News & Views by Wu et al.

Image: Can Li, University of Massachusetts Amherst. Cover Design: Karen Moore.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    A new journal for a new era of electronics.

Research Highlights

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Spiral inductors that are made from intercalated multilayer graphene, and exploit the kinetic inductance of the material, could help deliver miniaturized radio-frequency integrated circuits.

    • Wen Huang
    •  & Xiuling Li
  • News & Views |

    Analogue computing based on memristors could offer a faster and more energy-efficient alternative to conventional digital computing in IoT applications.

    • Huaqiang Wu
    • , Peng Yao
    • , Bin Gao
    •  & He Qian
  • News & Views |

    A microfabricated silicon device can locally measure the intensity of an electric field without any significant field distortion.

    • Vittorio Ferrari
  • News & Views |

    Swallowable electronic capsules can provide gas profiles of the gut and distinguish changes in a person’s diet.

    • Benjamin Terry

Reviews

  • Perspective |

    This Perspective argues that the challenges facing the semiconductor industry are unprecedented and undermine incentives for continued collective action in research and development, potentially threatening world-wide economic growth; significantly increased public funding, as well as leadership beyond traditional stakeholders, is required.

    • Hassan N. Khan
    • , David A. Hounshell
    •  & Erica R. H. Fuchs
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective evaluates the state of the art in memristor-based electronics and explores the future development of such devices in on-chip memory, biologically inspired computing and general-purpose in-memory computing.

    • Mohammed A. Zidan
    • , John Paul Strachan
    •  & Wei D. Lu
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective discusses the potential of thin-film transistor technologies in the development of low-cost, flexible integrated circuits, evaluating the more mature technologies available today in terms of their potential circuit applications and the implications they will have in the design of integrated circuits.

    • Kris Myny

Research

  • Article |

    Using field-effect transistors made from carbon nanotube films, five-stage ring oscillators can be fabricated that exhibit an oscillation frequency of up to 5.54 GHz.

    • Donglai Zhong
    • , Zhiyong Zhang
    • , Li Ding
    • , Jie Han
    • , Mengmeng Xiao
    • , Jia Si
    • , Lin Xu
    • , Chenguang Qiu
    •  & Lian-Mao Peng
  • Article |

    On-chip inductors made from intercalated multilayer graphene can offer both small form-factors and high inductance values, without comprising performance, making them potentially suitable for the development of ultra-compact wireless communication systems.

    • Jiahao Kang
    • , Yuji Matsumoto
    • , Xiang Li
    • , Junkai Jiang
    • , Xuejun Xie
    • , Keisuke Kawamoto
    • , Munehiro Kenmoku
    • , Jae Hwan Chu
    • , Wei Liu
    • , Junfa Mao
    • , Kazuyoshi Ueno
    •  & Kaustav Banerjee
  • Article |

    Memristor crossbars with array sizes of up to 128 × 64 cells are capable of analogue vector-matrix multiplication and can be used for signal processing, image compression and convolutional filtering.

    • Can Li
    • , Miao Hu
    • , Yunning Li
    • , Hao Jiang
    • , Ning Ge
    • , Eric Montgomery
    • , Jiaming Zhang
    • , Wenhao Song
    • , Noraica Dávila
    • , Catherine E. Graves
    • , Zhiyong Li
    • , John Paul Strachan
    • , Peng Lin
    • , Zhongrui Wang
    • , Mark Barnell
    • , Qing Wu
    • , R. Stanley Williams
    • , J. Joshua Yang
    •  & Qiangfei Xia
  • Article |

    The detection of force-induced displacements within compact MEMS (microelectromechanical system) devices can be used to measure electric field strength without significant field distortion.

    • Andreas Kainz
    • , Harald Steiner
    • , Johannes Schalko
    • , Artur Jachimowicz
    • , Franz Kohl
    • , Michael Stifter
    • , Roman Beigelbeck
    • , Franz Keplinger
    •  & Wilfried Hortschitz
  • Article |

    The external and internal mechanical motion of a person can be directly modulated onto multiplexed radio-frequency signals using near-field coherent sensing, allowing vital signs such as heart rate, blood pressure and respiration rate to be monitored without direct contact to the skin.

    • Xiaonan Hui
    •  & Edwin C. Kan
  • Article |

    In a human pilot trial, ingestible electronic capsules, which can sense oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide gas in the gut, have been shown to be capable of monitoring changes in a person’s diet.

    • Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh
    • , Kyle J. Berean
    • , Nam Ha
    • , Adam F. Chrimes
    • , Kai Xu
    • , Danilla Grando
    • , Jian Zhen Ou
    • , Naresh Pillai
    • , Jos L. Campbell
    • , Robert Brkljača
    • , Kirstin M. Taylor
    • , Rebecca E. Burgell
    • , Chu K. Yao
    • , Stephanie A. Ward
    • , Chris S. McSweeney
    • , Jane G. Muir
    •  & Peter R. Gibson

Reverse Engineering

  • Reverse Engineering |

    The Intel 4004 is renowned as the world’s first commercial microprocessor. Project leader and designer of the 4004, Federico Faggin, retraces the steps leading to its invention.

    • Federico Faggin