Reviews & Analysis

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  • By monolithically integrating organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technology, implantable optogenetic probes can be created to selectively address individual neurons.

    • Yiyuan Yang
    • Mingzheng Wu
    News & Views
  • An autonomous wearable device that is capable of monitoring sweat for extended periods of time could help collect data for the development of personalized medicine.

    • Jussi Hiltunen
    News & Views
  • The remarkable properties of graphene nanoribbons are promising for use in quantum technologies. To create quantum devices, however, individual nanoribbons must be contacted. This crucial step has now been demonstrated using single-walled carbon nanotubes as electrodes.

    Research Briefing
  • A skin-conformable system that is worn on the finger, and integrates optical sensors with memristors, can accurately classify finger-written inputs in three-dimensional space.

    • Chanho Shin
    • Tse Nga Ng
    News & Views
  • This Perspective explores the development of metal halide perovskite transistors, examining the properties of halide perovskites and key perovskite transistors, and considering the challenges that exist in developing next-generation electronics and circuits using these devices.

    • Ao Liu
    • Huihui Zhu
    • Yong-Young Noh
  • This Perspective explores the potential of directly mapping computational problems in machine learning to materials and device properties, and proposes metrics to facilitate comparisons between different solutions to machine learning tasks.

    • Nathaniel Joseph Tye
    • Stephan Hofmann
    • Phillip Stanley-Marbell
  • This Review examines switching mechanisms in memristive devices based on van der Waals materials, and explores the advantages such devices offer and the challenges that must be faced for them to be of use in next-generation electronic and computing applications.

    • Mengjiao Li
    • Hefei Liu
    • J. Joshua Yang
    Review Article
  • The use of topological spin structures is restricted by their limited scale, thermal stability or magnetic field requirements. A high-magnetic-field-assisted growth approach overcomes these limitations, enabling the construction of millimetre-scale meron lattices. These lattices were used to demonstrate chirality transfer from topologically protected quasiparticles to electrons and then photons.

    Research Briefing
  • Physically unclonable functions that are based on magnetic random-access memory, and integrated with complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor circuitry, can be used to create secure and efficient compute-in-memory macros for edge computing.

    • Hao Cai
    • Bo Liu
    • Jun Yang
    News & Views
  • A technique based on a scanning tunnelling microscope can provide simultaneous control, visualization and spectroscopic characterization of quantum states with atomic resolution.

    • Dohun Kim
    News & Views
  • A magnetic random-access memory device that has an antiferromagnetic material as its storage element can be electrically read using ferromagnetic tunnelling.

    • Pedram Khalili Amiri
    • Francesca Garesci
    • Giovanni Finocchio
    News & Views
  • Stacking a bilayer of chromium triiodide, a layered antiferromagnet, onto another with a twist angle gives rise to a moiré magnet with rich magnetic phases, including ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic orders. The magnetic orders can be controlled through the twist angle, temperature and electrical gating, with the system also showing voltage-assisted magnetic switching.

    Research Briefing
  • The negative differential capacitance (NDC) of ferroelectrics could be used to reduce the energy consumption of ultra-scaled logic devices. An NDC phenomenon in ultrathin ferroelectric zirconium-doped hafnia is demonstrated. Field-effect transistors incorporating this ferroelectric in the gate stack display enhanced on-currents and reduced off-currents compared with conventional analogues, as well as tunable and enduring NDC.

    Research Briefing
  • Despite advances in speech processing systems, such as those used in voice-controlled devices, human hearing still outperforms technical systems in noisy and variable environments. To close this gap, a bioinspired acoustic sensor with integrated signal processing was developed — the dynamic microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based cochlea.

    Research Briefing
  • Ion trapping in crystalline domains of electrochemical transistors can be used to create a device capable of both volatile and non-volatile operation.

    • Donald A. Robinson
    • A. Alec Talin
    News & Views
  • A spoof surface plasmonic neural network with programmable weights and activation functions was proposed, which has the potential to achieve processing speeds close to the speed of light. This neural network was used to create a wireless communications system that can detect and process electromagnetic waves.

    Research Briefing
  • An elastic conductive ink — which is made of conductive fillers suspended in an emulsified elastomer matrix — can be used to print three-dimensional elastic conductors.

    • Tao Zhou
    • Hyunwoo Yuk
    News & Views