Latest Research

  • Article |

    Electrical and short optical pulses can be used to deterministically induce and reverse a nano-fragmented domain state in antiferromagnetic CuMnAs, in a process that can be probed via changes in the resistance of the system.

    • Z. Kašpar
    • , M. Surýnek
    • , J. Zubáč
    • , F. Krizek
    • , V. Novák
    • , R. P. Campion
    • , M. S. Wörnle
    • , P. Gambardella
    • , X. Marti
    • , P. Němec
    • , K. W. Edmonds
    • , S. Reimers
    • , O. J. Amin
    • , F. Maccherozzi
    • , S. S. Dhesi
    • , P. Wadley
    • , J. Wunderlich
    • , K. Olejník
    •  & T. Jungwirth
  • Article |

    The magnetization and exchange bias field in an IrMn/CoFeB bilayer can be independently switched using a current-controlled spin–orbit torque generated in the antiferromagnetic IrMn layer.

    • Shouzhong Peng
    • , Daoqian Zhu
    • , Weixiang Li
    • , Hao Wu
    • , Alexander J. Grutter
    • , Dustin A. Gilbert
    • , Jiaqi Lu
    • , Danrong Xiong
    • , Wenlong Cai
    • , Padraic Shafer
    • , Kang L. Wang
    •  & Weisheng Zhao
  • Article |

    Carbon-related point defects can be isolated in a commercial silicon-on-insulator wafer, acting as artificial atoms that provide efficient polarized single-photon emission at wavelengths suitable for long-distance propagation in optical fibres.

    • W. Redjem
    • , A. Durand
    • , T. Herzig
    • , A. Benali
    • , S. Pezzagna
    • , J. Meijer
    • , A. Yu. Kuznetsov
    • , H. S. Nguyen
    • , S. Cueff
    • , J.-M. Gérard
    • , I. Robert-Philip
    • , B. Gil
    • , D. Caliste
    • , P. Pochet
    • , M. Abbarchi
    • , V. Jacques
    • , A. Dréau
    •  & G. Cassabois
  • Article |

    Using a gate decomposition strategy that requires the calibration of a single pulse, a family of XY entangling gates can be implemented in a superconducting qubit architecture and used to reduce circuit depth for generic quantum algorithms.

    • Deanna M. Abrams
    • , Nicolas Didier
    • , Blake R. Johnson
    • , Marcus P. da Silva
    •  & Colm A. Ryan
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective examines the concept of near-senor and in-sensor computing in which computation tasks are moved partly to the sensory terminals, exploring the challenges facing the field and providing possible solutions for the hardware implementation of integrated sensing and processing units using advanced manufacturing technologies.

    • Feichi Zhou
    •  & Yang Chai
  • Article |

    An epicardial patch made from materials that match the mechanical softness of heart tissue can perform spatiotemporal mapping of electrophysiological activity, as well as strain and temperature sensing, pacing and ablation therapies, and energy harvesting, while deforming with a beating heart.

    • Kyoseung Sim
    • , Faheem Ershad
    • , Yongcao Zhang
    • , Pinyi Yang
    • , Hyunseok Shim
    • , Zhoulyu Rao
    • , Yuntao Lu
    • , Anish Thukral
    • , Abdelmotagaly Elgalad
    • , Yutao Xi
    • , Bozhi Tian
    • , Doris A. Taylor
    •  & Cunjiang Yu
  • Article |

    The magnetization of a cobalt thin film can be reversed by spin–orbit torques using picosecond electrical pulses that are generated by photoconductive switches.

    • Kaushalya Jhuria
    • , Julius Hohlfeld
    • , Akshay Pattabi
    • , Elodie Martin
    • , Aldo Ygnacio Arriola Córdova
    • , Xinping Shi
    • , Roberto Lo Conte
    • , Sebastien Petit-Watelot
    • , Juan Carlos Rojas-Sanchez
    • , Gregory Malinowski
    • , Stéphane Mangin
    • , Aristide Lemaître
    • , Michel Hehn
    • , Jeffrey Bokor
    • , Richard B. Wilson
    •  & Jon Gorchon
  • Article |

    Nanoscale magnetic skyrmions that are generated in metallic multilayers using on-chip heating diffuse from hot to cold regions and can be thermoelectrically detected via the Nernst voltage.

    • Zidong Wang
    • , Minghua Guo
    • , Heng-An Zhou
    • , Le Zhao
    • , Teng Xu
    • , Riccardo Tomasello
    • , Hao Bai
    • , Yiqing Dong
    • , Soong-Geun Je
    • , Weilun Chao
    • , Hee-Sung Han
    • , Sooseok Lee
    • , Ki-Suk Lee
    • , Yunyan Yao
    • , Wei Han
    • , Cheng Song
    • , Huaqiang Wu
    • , Mario Carpentieri
    • , Giovanni Finocchio
    • , Mi-Young Im
    • , Shi-Zeng Lin
    •  & Wanjun Jiang
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective examines the use of ferroelectric field-effect transistor technologies in current embedded non-volatile memory applications and future in-memory, biomimetic and alternative computing models, arguing that the devices will be a key component in the development of data-centric computing.

    • Asif Islam Khan
    • , Ali Keshavarzi
    •  & Suman Datta
  • Article |

    Nanoscale electrodes fabricated using adhesion lithography can be combined with solution-processed metal oxide semiconductors to create Schottky diodes with performance suitable for 5G communications and beyond.

    • Dimitra G. Georgiadou
    • , James Semple
    • , Abhay A. Sagade
    • , Henrik Forstén
    • , Pekka Rantakari
    • , Yen-Hung Lin
    • , Feras Alkhalil
    • , Akmaral Seitkhan
    • , Kalaivanan Loganathan
    • , Hendrik Faber
    •  & Thomas D. Anthopoulos
  • Article |

    Green perovskite light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiencies of up to 19.1% at high brightness can be created by depositing an ultrathin layer of strongly polar lithium fluoride between the perovskite and hole-transport layers.

    • Baodan Zhao
    • , Yaxiao Lian
    • , Linsong Cui
    • , Giorgio Divitini
    • , Gunnar Kusch
    • , Edoardo Ruggeri
    • , Florian Auras
    • , Weiwei Li
    • , Dexin Yang
    • , Bonan Zhu
    • , Rachel A. Oliver
    • , Judith L. MacManus-Driscoll
    • , Samuel D. Stranks
    • , Dawei Di
    •  & Richard H. Friend
  • Article |

    A magnonic directional coupler with submicrometre dimensions could be used as a building block for integrated magnonic devices, such as half-adders, that have low energy consumption and small footprint.

    • Q. Wang
    • , M. Kewenig
    • , M. Schneider
    • , R. Verba
    • , F. Kohl
    • , B. Heinz
    • , M. Geilen
    • , M. Mohseni
    • , B. Lägel
    • , F. Ciubotaru
    • , C. Adelmann
    • , C. Dubs
    • , S. D. Cotofana
    • , O. V. Dobrovolskiy
    • , T. Brächer
    • , P. Pirro
    •  & A. V. Chumak
  • Article |

    A three-stage solution-based cleaning technique can increase the room-temperature mobility and reduce the hysteresis of organometal halide perovskite transistors by decreasing the surface defects in the perovskite films.

    • Xiao-Jian She
    • , Chen Chen
    • , Giorgio Divitini
    • , Baodan Zhao
    • , Yang Li
    • , Junzhan Wang
    • , Jordi Ferrer Orri
    • , Linsong Cui
    • , Weidong Xu
    • , Jun Peng
    • , Shuo Wang
    • , Aditya Sadhanala
    •  & Henning Sirringhaus
  • Article |

    A nanoplasmonic technique was used to investigate in operando the switching properties of materials used in redox random access memories, providing insight into the operation and potential breakdown mechanisms of the devices.

    • Giuliana Di Martino
    • , Angela Demetriadou
    • , Weiwei Li
    • , Dean Kos
    • , Bonan Zhu
    • , Xuejing Wang
    • , Bart de Nijs
    • , Haiyan Wang
    • , Judith MacManus-Driscoll
    •  & Jeremy J. Baumberg
  • Article |

    One-dimensional molecular arrays on graphene field-effect transistors can be reversibly switched between different periodic charge states by tuning the graphene Fermi level via a back-gate electrode and by manipulating individual molecules, allowing them to function as a nanoscale shift register.

    • Hsin-Zon Tsai
    • , Johannes Lischner
    • , Arash A. Omrani
    • , Franklin Liou
    • , Andrew S. Aikawa
    • , Christoph Karrasch
    • , Sebastian Wickenburg
    • , Alexander Riss
    • , Kyler C. Natividad
    • , Jin Chen
    • , Won-Woo Choi
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Chenliang Su
    • , Steven G. Louie
    • , Alex Zettl
    • , Jiong Lu
    •  & Michael F. Crommie
  • Article |

    The superionic phase transition in silver iodide can be used to tailor the carrier type in two-dimensional tungsten diselenide and create programmable transistors, diodes and logic gates, the functions of which can be erased by external triggers such as ultraviolet irradiation.

    • Sung-Joon Lee
    • , Zhaoyang Lin
    • , Jin Huang
    • , Christopher S. Choi
    • , Peng Chen
    • , Yuan Liu
    • , Jian Guo
    • , Chuancheng Jia
    • , Yiliu Wang
    • , Laiyuan Wang
    • , Qingliang Liao
    • , Imran Shakir
    • , Xidong Duan
    • , Bruce Dunn
    • , Yue Zhang
    • , Yu Huang
    •  & Xiangfeng Duan
  • Article |

    Wafer-scale monolayers of MoS2 can be used to create flexible transistors and circuits that exhibit on/off ratios of 1010, current densities of ~35 μA μm−1 and mobilities of ~55 cm2 V−1 s−1.

    • Na Li
    • , Qinqin Wang
    • , Cheng Shen
    • , Zheng Wei
    • , Hua Yu
    • , Jing Zhao
    • , Xiaobo Lu
    • , Guole Wang
    • , Congli He
    • , Li Xie
    • , Jianqi Zhu
    • , Luojun Du
    • , Rong Yang
    • , Dongxia Shi
    •  & Guangyu Zhang
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective examines the relationship between hardware platforms and the competency awareness of a neural network, highlighting how hardware developments can impact uncertainty estimation quality, and exploring the innovations required in order to build competency-aware neural networks in resource constrained hardware platforms.

    • Yukun Ding
    • , Weiwen Jiang
    • , Qiuwen Lou
    • , Jinglan Liu
    • , Jinjun Xiong
    • , Xiaobo Sharon Hu
    • , Xiaowei Xu
    •  & Yiyu Shi
  • Review Article |

    This Review Article examines the potential of spintronics in four key areas of application —memories, sensors, microwave devices, and logic devices — and discusses the challenges that need be addressed in order to integrate spintronic materials and functionalities into mainstream microelectronic platforms.

    • B. Dieny
    • , I. L. Prejbeanu
    • , K. Garello
    • , P. Gambardella
    • , P. Freitas
    • , R. Lehndorff
    • , W. Raberg
    • , U. Ebels
    • , S. O. Demokritov
    • , J. Akerman
    • , A. Deac
    • , P. Pirro
    • , C. Adelmann
    • , A. Anane
    • , A. V. Chumak
    • , A. Hirohata
    • , S. Mangin
    • , Sergio O. Valenzuela
    • , M. Cengiz Onbaşlı
    • , M. d’Aquino
    • , G. Prenat
    • , G. Finocchio
    • , L. Lopez-Diaz
    • , R. Chantrell
    • , O. Chubykalo-Fesenko
    •  & P. Bortolotti
  • Article |

    An operational amplifier that uses the two-dimensional semiconductor molybdenum disulfide as the active material can be used to create complex analogue circuits, including inverters, integrators and amplifiers.

    • Dmitry K. Polyushkin
    • , Stefan Wachter
    • , Lukas Mennel
    • , Matthias Paur
    • , Maksym Paliy
    • , Giuseppe Iannaccone
    • , Gianluca Fiori
    • , Daniel Neumaier
    • , Barbara Canto
    •  & Thomas Mueller
  • Article |

    A two-terminal device that uses an array of carbon nanotubes as the source contact can excite electroluminescence from a variety of materials, producing electroluminescence from long-wave infrared to ultraviolet wavelengths, with onset voltages approaching the optical energy gap of the emitting material.

    • Yingbo Zhao
    • , Vivian Wang
    • , Der-Hsien Lien
    •  & Ali Javey
  • Article |

    Monolayer graphene can be magnetized by coupling to an antiferromagnetic thin film of chromium selenide, resulting in an exchange splitting energy as high as 134 meV at 2 K.

    • Yingying Wu
    • , Gen Yin
    • , Lei Pan
    • , Alexander J. Grutter
    • , Quanjun Pan
    • , Albert Lee
    • , Dustin A. Gilbert
    • , Julie A. Borchers
    • , William Ratcliff II
    • , Ang Li
    • , Xiao-dong Han
    •  & Kang L. Wang
  • Article |

    An atomically thin high-κ gate dielectric of Bi2SeO5 can be formed via layer-by-layer oxidization of an underlying two-dimensional semiconductor, allowing high-performance field-effect transistors and inverters to be fabricated.

    • Tianran Li
    • , Teng Tu
    • , Yuanwei Sun
    • , Huixia Fu
    • , Jia Yu
    • , Lei Xing
    • , Ziang Wang
    • , Huimin Wang
    • , Rundong Jia
    • , Jinxiong Wu
    • , Congwei Tan
    • , Yan Liang
    • , Yichi Zhang
    • , Congcong Zhang
    • , Yumin Dai
    • , Chenguang Qiu
    • , Ming Li
    • , Ru Huang
    • , Liying Jiao
    • , Keji Lai
    • , Binghai Yan
    • , Peng Gao
    •  & Hailin Peng
  • Article |

    Hydrogen-resist lithography with the tip of a scanning tunnelling microscope can create p-type dopant nanowires and p–n junctions by using diborane as a p-type dopant precursor.

    • Tomáš Škereň
    • , Sigrun A. Köster
    • , Bastien Douhard
    • , Claudia Fleischmann
    •  & Andreas Fuhrer
  • Review Article |

    This Review Article examines the development of neuro-inspired computing chips and their key benchmarking metrics, providing a co-design tool chain and proposing a roadmap for future large-scale chips.

    • Wenqiang Zhang
    • , Bin Gao
    • , Jianshi Tang
    • , Peng Yao
    • , Shimeng Yu
    • , Meng-Fan Chang
    • , Hoi-Jun Yoo
    • , He Qian
    •  & Huaqiang Wu
  • Article |

    Sweat-activated, biocompatible batteries can be used to power flexible on-skin electronic systems that monitor and wirelessly transmit physiological signals.

    • A. J. Bandodkar
    • , S. P. Lee
    • , I. Huang
    • , W. Li
    • , S. Wang
    • , C.-J. Su
    • , W. J. Jeang
    • , T. Hang
    • , S. Mehta
    • , N. Nyberg
    • , P. Gutruf
    • , J. Choi
    • , J. Koo
    • , J. T. Reeder
    • , R. Tseng
    • , R. Ghaffari
    •  & J. A. Rogers
  • Article |

    Using commercial 0.8-μm metal-oxide thin-film transistor technology, a flexible processor chip can be built that has hardwired parameters for machine learning and is capable of smart applications such as odour recognition.

    • Emre Ozer
    • , Jedrzej Kufel
    • , James Myers
    • , John Biggs
    • , Gavin Brown
    • , Anjit Rana
    • , Antony Sou
    • , Catherine Ramsdale
    •  & Scott White
  • Article |

    A memristor-based annealing system that uses an analogue neuromorphic architecture based on a Hopfield neural network can solve non-deterministic polynomial (NP)-hard max-cut problems in an approach that is potentially more efficient than current quantum, optical and digital approaches.

    • Fuxi Cai
    • , Suhas Kumar
    • , Thomas Van Vaerenbergh
    • , Xia Sheng
    • , Rui Liu
    • , Can Li
    • , Zhan Liu
    • , Martin Foltin
    • , Shimeng Yu
    • , Qiangfei Xia
    • , J. Joshua Yang
    • , Raymond Beausoleil
    • , Wei D. Lu
    •  & John Paul Strachan
  • Article |

    Wearable yarn-based stretchable sensor arrays, combined with machine learning, can be used to translate American Sign Language into speech in real time.

    • Zhihao Zhou
    • , Kyle Chen
    • , Xiaoshi Li
    • , Songlin Zhang
    • , Yufen Wu
    • , Yihao Zhou
    • , Keyu Meng
    • , Chenchen Sun
    • , Qiang He
    • , Wenjing Fan
    • , Endong Fan
    • , Zhiwei Lin
    • , Xulong Tan
    • , Weili Deng
    • , Jin Yang
    •  & Jun Chen
  • Article |

    A homojunction device made from two-dimensional tungsten diselenide can be used to create circuits that exhibit multifunctional logic and neuromorphic capabilities with simpler designs than conventional silicon-based systems.

    • Chen Pan
    • , Chen-Yu Wang
    • , Shi-Jun Liang
    • , Yu Wang
    • , Tianjun Cao
    • , Pengfei Wang
    • , Cong Wang
    • , Shuang Wang
    • , Bin Cheng
    • , Anyuan Gao
    • , Erfu Liu
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    •  & Feng Miao
  • Article |

    By integrating a single monocentric lens with a hemispherical silicon nanorod photodiode array, a wide-field-of-view camera is created that offers low optical aberration, deep depth of field and simple visual accommodation.

    • Min Sung Kim
    • , Gil Ju Lee
    • , Changsoon Choi
    • , Min Seok Kim
    • , Mincheol Lee
    • , Siyi Liu
    • , Kyoung Won Cho
    • , Hyun Myung Kim
    • , Hyojin Cho
    • , Moon Kee Choi
    • , Nanshu Lu
    • , Young Min Song
    •  & Dae-Hyeong Kim
  • Article |

    A clock synchronization method, which is based on optical clock distribution and clock phase caching, can provide subnanosecond clock and data recovery times for fast optical switching in large-scale data centre networks using off-the-shelf commercial transceivers.

    • Kari A. Clark
    • , Daniel Cletheroe
    • , Thomas Gerard
    • , Istvan Haller
    • , Krzysztof Jozwik
    • , Kai Shi
    • , Benn Thomsen
    • , Hugh Williams
    • , Georgios Zervas
    • , Hitesh Ballani
    • , Polina Bayvel
    • , Paolo Costa
    •  & Zhixin Liu
  • Article |

    Electrostatic gating can be used to modulate the magnetic anisotropy of chromium germanium telluride, a layered ferromagnetic semiconductor, and increase its Curie temperature to 200 K.

    • Ivan A. Verzhbitskiy
    • , Hidekazu Kurebayashi
    • , Haixia Cheng
    • , Jun Zhou
    • , Safe Khan
    • , Yuan Ping Feng
    •  & Goki Eda
  • Article |

    A magnetoresistance effect that occurs in a platinum layer deposited on a magnon junction consisting of two insulating magnetic yttrium iron garnet layers separated by an antiferromagnetic nickel oxide spacer layer could be used to create spintronic and magnonic devices that are free from Joule heating.

    • C. Y. Guo
    • , C. H. Wan
    • , W. Q. He
    • , M. K. Zhao
    • , Z. R. Yan
    • , Y. W. Xing
    • , X. Wang
    • , P. Tang
    • , Y. Z. Liu
    • , S. Zhang
    • , Y. W. Liu
    •  & X. F. Han
  • Article |

    A bioinspired machine-learning architecture can combine visual data with data from stretchable strain sensors to achieve human gesture recognition with high accuracy in complex environments.

    • Ming Wang
    • , Zheng Yan
    • , Ting Wang
    • , Pingqiang Cai
    • , Siyu Gao
    • , Yi Zeng
    • , Changjin Wan
    • , Hong Wang
    • , Liang Pan
    • , Jiancan Yu
    • , Shaowu Pan
    • , Ke He
    • , Jie Lu
    •  & Xiaodong Chen
  • Article |

    Using a solution-based deposition technique, carbon nanotube field-effect transistors can be fabricated in a commercial silicon manufacturing facility and a high-volume commercial foundry, demonstrating uniform and reproducible transistor fabrication across industry-standard 200 mm wafers.

    • Mindy D. Bishop
    • , Gage Hills
    • , Tathagata Srimani
    • , Christian Lau
    • , Denis Murphy
    • , Samuel Fuller
    • , Jefford Humes
    • , Anthony Ratkovich
    • , Mark Nelson
    •  & Max M. Shulaker
  • Article |

    A complete in-memory hyperdimensional computing system, which uses 760,000 phase-change memory devices, can efficiently perform machine learning related tasks including language classification, news classification and hand gesture recognition from electromyography signals.

    • Geethan Karunaratne
    • , Manuel Le Gallo
    • , Giovanni Cherubini
    • , Luca Benini
    • , Abbas Rahimi
    •  & Abu Sebastian
  • Article |

    The monolithic integration of electronic and plasmonic technologies can be used to create electro-optic transmitters capable of symbol rates beyond 100 GBd.

    • Ueli Koch
    • , Christopher Uhl
    • , Horst Hettrich
    • , Yuriy Fedoryshyn
    • , Claudia Hoessbacher
    • , Wolfgang Heni
    • , Benedikt Baeuerle
    • , Bertold I. Bitachon
    • , Arne Josten
    • , Masafumi Ayata
    • , Huajun Xu
    • , Delwin L. Elder
    • , Larry R. Dalton
    • , Elad Mentovich
    • , Paraskevas Bakopoulos
    • , Stefan Lischke
    • , Andreas Krüger
    • , Lars Zimmermann
    • , Dimitris Tsiokos
    • , Nikos Pleros
    • , Michael Möller
    •  & Juerg Leuthold