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  • This Perspective examines the challenges involved in assessing the operation and performance of field-effect transistors based on emerging materials, and provides guidelines for the consistent reporting and benchmarking of the devices.

    • Zhihui Cheng
    • Chin-Sheng Pang
    • Curt A. Richter
  • This Perspective examines the limitations of ultra-reliable and low-latency communication (URLLC) used in fifth-generation (5G) communication systems and proposes key research directions for the next generation of URLLC, termed extreme ultra-reliable and low-latency communication.

    • Jihong Park
    • Sumudu Samarakoon
    • Mehdi Bennis
  • This Perspective examines the development of integrated circuits based on layered two-dimensional materials, exploring where they are likely to first find commercial use and considers the challenges than need to be addressed to create highly scaled circuits.

    • Kaichen Zhu
    • Chao Wen
    • Mario Lanza
  • This Perspective explores the potential of an approach to neuromorphic electronics in which the functional synaptic connectivity map of a mammalian neuronal network is copied using a silicon neuro-electronic interface and then pasted onto a high-density three-dimensional network of solid-state memories.

    • Donhee Ham
    • Hongkun Park
    • Kinam Kim
  • This Perspective assesses the performance limits of hexagonal boron nitride when used as a gate insulator in complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) devices based on two-dimensional materials, concluding that due to excessive leakage currents, the material is unlikely to be suitable for use in ultrascaled CMOS devices.

    • Theresia Knobloch
    • Yury Yu. Illarionov
    • Tibor Grasser
  • This Perspective examines the concept of near-senor and in-sensor computing in which computation tasks are moved partly to the sensory terminals, exploring the challenges facing the field and providing possible solutions for the hardware implementation of integrated sensing and processing units using advanced manufacturing technologies.

    • Feichi Zhou
    • Yang Chai
  • This Perspective examines the use of ferroelectric field-effect transistor technologies in current embedded non-volatile memory applications and future in-memory, biomimetic and alternative computing models, arguing that the devices will be a key component in the development of data-centric computing.

    • Asif Islam Khan
    • Ali Keshavarzi
    • Suman Datta
  • This Perspective examines the relationship between hardware platforms and the competency awareness of a neural network, highlighting how hardware developments can impact uncertainty estimation quality, and exploring the innovations required in order to build competency-aware neural networks in resource constrained hardware platforms.

    • Yukun Ding
    • Weiwen Jiang
    • Yiyu Shi
  • This Perspective provides a vision for sixth generation (6G) communications in which human-centric mobile communications are considered the most important application, and high security, secrecy and privacy are its key features.

    • Shuping Dang
    • Osama Amin
    • Mohamed-Slim Alouini
  • This Perspective explores the potential of carbon nanotube electronics, examining the development of nanotube-based field-effect transistors and integrated circuits, and the challenges that exist in delivering large-scale systems.

    • Lian-Mao Peng
    • Zhiyong Zhang
    • Chenguang Qiu
  • This Perspective explores the development of solution-processable van der Waals thin films, examining their potential for application in large-area wearable electronics and the challenges that exist in delivering practical devices.

    • Zhaoyang Lin
    • Yu Huang
    • Xiangfeng Duan
  • This Perspective examines key ethical challenges of ingestible electronic sensors, which are related to patients, physicians, and society more generally, and provides a comparative analysis of legal regulation of the sensors in the US and Europe.

    • Sara Gerke
    • Timo Minssen
    • I. Glenn Cohen
  • This Perspective examines the potential role of conductive atomic force microscopy in the development of nanoelectronics, exploring possible characterization strategies, enhanced electronics for the technique and improved multiprobe approaches.

    • Fei Hui
    • Mario Lanza
  • This Perspective argues that electronics is poised to enter a new era of scaling – hyper-scaling – driven by advances in beyond-Boltzmann transistors, embedded non-volatile memories, monolithic three-dimensional integration, and heterogeneous integration techniques.

    • Sayeef Salahuddin
    • Kai Ni
    • Suman Datta
  • This Perspective highlights the existence of gaps between the computational complexity and energy efficiency required for the continued scaling of deep neural networks and the hardware capacity actually available with current CMOS technology scaling, in situations where edge inference is required; it then discusses various architecture and algorithm innovations that could help to bridge these gaps.

    • Xiaowei Xu
    • Yukun Ding
    • Yiyu Shi
  • This Perspective argues that the challenges facing the semiconductor industry are unprecedented and undermine incentives for continued collective action in research and development, potentially threatening world-wide economic growth; significantly increased public funding, as well as leadership beyond traditional stakeholders, is required.

    • Hassan N. Khan
    • David A. Hounshell
    • Erica R. H. Fuchs
  • This Perspective discusses the potential of thin-film transistor technologies in the development of low-cost, flexible integrated circuits, evaluating the more mature technologies available today in terms of their potential circuit applications and the implications they will have in the design of integrated circuits.

    • Kris Myny
  • This Perspective evaluates the state of the art in memristor-based electronics and explores the future development of such devices in on-chip memory, biologically inspired computing and general-purpose in-memory computing.

    • Mohammed A. Zidan
    • John Paul Strachan
    • Wei D. Lu