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  • The adoption of autonomous vehicles will depend on the public’s trust in the technology. To establish such trust, it is important to understand the actions of different road users, and their reactions to the vehicles.

    • Cristina Olaverri-Monreal
  • The power consumption and carbon emissions of wireless communication networks are expected to substantially increase in the 5G era. The communications industry must therefore develop strategies to optimize the energy efficiency of 5G networks, without compromising spectrum efficiency.

    • Chih-Lin I
    • Shuangfeng Han
    • Sen Bian
  • The local deployment of 5G platforms for 5G-enabled healthcare in hospitals and clinics can provide a route for the development of digital healthcare technologies in rural Africa.

    • Joyce Mwangama
    • Bessie Malila
    • Molebogeng Rangaka
  • Innovation from the component to the system level is necessary to realize the full potential of the next generation of wireless communication.

    • Vida Ilderem
  • Governments have underestimated the importance of technology governance in 5G development and will look to reassert control over key technologies. If future technologies are to be based on global standards, and not become geographically fragmented, the technology community need to urgently address this challenge.

    • Paul Timmers
  • The fifth generation of mobile phone technology — 5G — promises higher data rates and more reliable communication than previous generations, leading to a variety of novel applications. But to make this a reality, developments in a range of technologies will be required.

    • Muriel Médard
  • Open collaboration based on shared facilities can accelerate the commercialization of microelectromechanical systems.

    • Kentaro Totsu
    • Masaaki Moriyama
    • Masayoshi Esashi
  • Electronic waste is the fastest growing category of hazardous solid waste in the world. Addressing the problem will require international collaboration, economic incentives that protect labour, and management approaches that minimize adverse impacts on the environment and human health.

    • Abhishek Kumar Awasthi
    • Jinhui Li
    • Oladele A. Ogunseitan
  • A new generation of ethical standards in robotics and artificial intelligence is emerging as a direct response to a growing awareness of the ethical, legal and societal impacts of the fields. But what exactly are these ethical standards and how do they differ from conventional standards?

    • Alan Winfield
  • Europe’s data protection laws must evolve to guard against pervasive inferential analytics in nascent digital technologies such as edge computing.

    • Sandra Wachter
  • Different Internet of Things (IoT) applications demand different levels of intelligence and efficiency in processing data. Multi-tier computing, which integrates cloud, fog and edge computing technologies, will be required in order to deliver future IoT services.

    • Yang Yang
  • Expensive equipment is often considered a prerequisite for good science. But the development of technology that is affordable and accessible to many could help promote a greater diversity of scientific thinking.

    • Michael Drack
    • Florian Hartmann
    • Martin Kaltenbrunner