Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2019

Volume 3 Issue 6

Ancient ape admixture

Bonobos, together with chimpanzees, are the closest living relatives of humans. They are known for their unique sociosexual behaviour and are found in the tropical forests of the Democratic Republic of Congo in Central Africa. Their genomes carry traces from an unknown extinct ape lineage as the result of an ancient admixture event. A wild bonobo at the Wamba field site is depicted.

See Kuhlwilm et al.

Image: Cintia Garai, Wildlife Messengers. Cover Design: Tulsi Voralia.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    The IPBES global assessment has brought biodiversity prominently to the attention of policymakers and the public, and researchers should seize this critical opportunity to engender change towards sustainability.

Correspondence

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    As Bolivia approaches presidential elections in October 2019, the country’s environmental leadership is at stake. We discuss urgent challenges and opportunities for reconciling conservation and societal needs in this mega-diverse country.

    • Alfredo Romero-Muñoz
    • , Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares
    • , Mónica Moraes R.
    • , Daniel M. Larrea-Alcázar
    •  & Claire F. R. Wordley
  • Comment |

    Current mangrove planting schemes aimed at reversing global losses are prioritising short-term increases in area over long-term establishment. Without sound, evidence-based restoration policies, this approach could accelerate the demise of mangrove forests and the ecosystem services they provide.

    • Shing Yip Lee
    • , Stu Hamilton
    • , Edward B. Barbier
    • , Jurgenne Primavera
    •  & Roy R. Lewis III

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    The reduction in biodiversity after the end-Cretaceous mass extinction event did not instantaneously create evolutionary opportunities for planktonic protists. Survivors instead re-diversified in pulses that followed morphological innovations.

    • Anne Weil
    •  & James W. Kirchner
  • News & Views |

    Long-term data on sockeye salmon in Alaska show how warmer temperatures during the juvenile freshwater stage of this species can drive shifts in later life history patterns.

    • Elizabeth A. Marschall
  • News & Views |

    The authors of a new genomic study propose three distinct latitudinal clines of ancestry among modern Inner Eurasians, each built upon successive layers of admixture.

    • Lara M. Cassidy

Reviews

Research

  • Brief Communication |

    Analysing responses of 378 bird species to deforestation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the authors show that sensitivity to habitat loss is dependent on where a population is located within its range.

    • C. David L. Orme
    • , Sarah Mayor
    • , Luiz dos Anjos
    • , Pedro F. Develey
    • , Jack H. Hatfield
    • , José Carlos Morante-Filho
    • , Jason M. Tylianakis
    • , Alexandre Uezu
    •  & Cristina Banks-Leite
  • Article |

    Suskityrannus hazelae gen. et sp. nov. is a small-bodied tyrannosauroid that bridges the gap between earlier, smaller tyrannosauroids and the gigantic, last-surviving tyrannosaurids of the terminal Cretaceous.

    • Sterling J. Nesbitt
    • , Robert K. Denton Jr
    • , Mark A. Loewen
    • , Stephen L. Brusatte
    • , Nathan D. Smith
    • , Alan H. Turner
    • , James I. Kirkland
    • , Andrew T. McDonald
    •  & Douglas G. Wolfe
  • Article |

    Analysis of planktic foraminifera dynamics in the wake of the Cretaceous–Palaeogene mass extinction shows that increases in morphologic complexity preceded changes in species diversity and that the construction of new morphospace constrained diversification speed following the extinction event.

    • Christopher M. Lowery
    •  & Andrew J. Fraass
  • Article |

    Biogeochemistry of teeth from the Italian site of Grotta Paglicci show different mobility strategies for humans using the cave either side of the Last Glacial Maximum.

    • Federico Lugli
    • , Anna Cipriani
    • , Giulia Capecchi
    • , Stefano Ricci
    • , Francesco Boschin
    • , Paolo Boscato
    • , Paola Iacumin
    • , Federica Badino
    • , Marcello A. Mannino
    • , Sahra Talamo
    • , Michael P. Richards
    • , Stefano Benazzi
    •  & Annamaria Ronchitelli

    Collection:

  • Article |

    Analysing a database of >200,000 feeding links between >5,000 species in terrestrial and aquatic food webs, the authors show that specific trait combinations can be used to predict which predator species are characterized by high body-mass ratio interactions with their prey.

    • Ulrich Brose
    • , Phillippe Archambault
    • , Andrew D. Barnes
    • , Louis-Felix Bersier
    • , Thomas Boy
    • , João Canning-Clode
    • , Erminia Conti
    • , Marta Dias
    • , Christoph Digel
    • , Awantha Dissanayake
    • , Augusto A. V. Flores
    • , Katarina Fussmann
    • , Benoit Gauzens
    • , Clare Gray
    • , Johanna Häussler
    • , Myriam R. Hirt
    • , Ute Jacob
    • , Malte Jochum
    • , Sonia Kéfi
    • , Orla McLaughlin
    • , Muriel M. MacPherson
    • , Ellen Latz
    • , Katrin Layer-Dobra
    • , Pierre Legagneux
    • , Yuanheng Li
    • , Carolina Madeira
    • , Neo D. Martinez
    • , Vanessa Mendonça
    • , Christian Mulder
    • , Sergio A. Navarrete
    • , Eoin J. O’Gorman
    • , David Ott
    • , José Paula
    • , Daniel Perkins
    • , Denise Piechnik
    • , Ivan Pokrovsky
    • , David Raffaelli
    • , Björn C. Rall
    • , Benjamin Rosenbaum
    • , Remo Ryser
    • , Ana Silva
    • , Esra H. Sohlström
    • , Natalia Sokolova
    • , Murray S. A. Thompson
    • , Ross M. Thompson
    • , Fanny Vermandele
    • , Catarina Vinagre
    • , Shaopeng Wang
    • , Jori M. Wefer
    • , Richard J. Williams
    • , Evie Wieters
    • , Guy Woodward
    •  & Alison C. Iles
  • Article |

    Neotropical tree community composition shows opposing successional pathways for wet and dry forests, but as vegetation cover increases over time, trends converge. Selecting species that have similar wood density to early successional communities could improve reforestation prospects.

    • Lourens Poorter
    • , Danaë M. A. Rozendaal
    • , Frans Bongers
    • , Jarcilene S. de Almeida-Cortez
    • , Angélica María Almeyda Zambrano
    • , Francisco S. Álvarez
    • , José Luís Andrade
    • , Luis Felipe Arreola Villa
    • , Patricia Balvanera
    • , Justin M. Becknell
    • , Tony V. Bentos
    • , Radika Bhaskar
    • , Vanessa Boukili
    • , Pedro H. S. Brancalion
    • , Eben N. Broadbent
    • , Ricardo G. César
    • , Jerome Chave
    • , Robin L. Chazdon
    • , Gabriel Dalla Colletta
    • , Dylan Craven
    • , Ben H. J. de Jong
    • , Julie S. Denslow
    • , Daisy H. Dent
    • , Saara J. DeWalt
    • , Elisa Díaz García
    • , Juan Manuel Dupuy
    • , Sandra M. Durán
    • , Mário M. Espírito Santo
    • , María C. Fandiño
    • , Geraldo Wilson Fernandes
    • , Bryan Finegan
    • , Vanessa Granda Moser
    • , Jefferson S. Hall
    • , José Luis Hernández-Stefanoni
    • , Catarina C. Jakovac
    • , André B. Junqueira
    • , Deborah Kennard
    • , Edwin Lebrija-Trejos
    • , Susan G. Letcher
    • , Madelon Lohbeck
    • , Omar R. Lopez
    • , Erika Marín-Spiotta
    • , Miguel Martínez-Ramos
    • , Sebastião V. Martins
    • , Paulo E. S. Massoca
    • , Jorge A. Meave
    • , Rita Mesquita
    • , Francisco Mora
    • , Vanessa de Souza Moreno
    • , Sandra C. Müller
    • , Rodrigo Muñoz
    • , Robert Muscarella
    • , Silvio Nolasco de Oliveira Neto
    • , Yule R. F. Nunes
    • , Susana Ochoa-Gaona
    • , Horacio Paz
    • , Marielos Peña-Claros
    • , Daniel Piotto
    • , Jorge Ruíz
    • , Lucía Sanaphre-Villanueva
    • , Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa
    • , Naomi B. Schwartz
    • , Marc K. Steininger
    • , William Wayt Thomas
    • , Marisol Toledo
    • , Maria Uriarte
    • , Luis P. Utrera
    • , Michiel van Breugel
    • , Masha T. van der Sande
    • , Hans van der Wal
    • , Maria D. M. Veloso
    • , Hans F. M. Vester
    • , Ima C. G. Vieira
    • , Pedro Manuel Villa
    • , G. Bruce Williamson
    • , S. Joseph Wright
    • , Kátia J. Zanini
    • , Jess K. Zimmerman
    •  & Mark Westoby
  • Article |

    Interactions between members of a group may be influenced by their social relationships. Here, the authors track individuals’ trajectories within flocks of jackdaws and show that their social relationships transform local interactions and collective dynamics.

    • Hangjian Ling
    • , Guillam E. Mclvor
    • , Kasper van der Vaart
    • , Richard T. Vaughan
    • , Alex Thornton
    •  & Nicholas T. Ouellette
  • Article |

    Mammals with antipronograde body plans which employ suspensory positional behaviours demonstrate elevated variation in numbers of presacral vertebrae compared to pronograde species which display constraint on presacral vertebral number independent of running speed.

    • Scott A. Williams
    • , Jeffrey K. Spear
    • , Lauren Petrullo
    • , Deanna M. Goldstein
    • , Amanda B. Lee
    • , Amy L. Peterson
    • , Danielle A. Miano
    • , Elska B. Kaczmarek
    •  & Milena R. Shattuck
  • Article |

    Analysis of genomes from bonobo and chimpanzee populations reveals an ancient admixture event between bonobos and an extinct great ape several hundred thousand years ago and suggests introgression of functional genes from the archaic ape into bonobos.

    • Martin Kuhlwilm
    • , Sojung Han
    • , Vitor C. Sousa
    • , Laurent Excoffier
    •  & Tomas Marques-Bonet
  • Article |

    Genome-wide data for 763 individuals from inner Eurasia reveal 3 admixture clines in present-day populations that mirror geography, illuminating the historic spread and mixture of peoples across the Eurasian steppe, taiga and tundra.

    • Choongwon Jeong
    • , Oleg Balanovsky
    • , Elena Lukianova
    • , Nurzhibek Kahbatkyzy
    • , Pavel Flegontov
    • , Valery Zaporozhchenko
    • , Alexander Immel
    • , Chuan-Chao Wang
    • , Olzhas Ixan
    • , Elmira Khussainova
    • , Bakhytzhan Bekmanov
    • , Victor Zaibert
    • , Maria Lavryashina
    • , Elvira Pocheshkhova
    • , Yuldash Yusupov
    • , Anastasiya Agdzhoyan
    • , Sergey Koshel
    • , Andrei Bukin
    • , Pagbajabyn Nymadawa
    • , Shahlo Turdikulova
    • , Dilbar Dalimova
    • , Mikhail Churnosov
    • , Roza Skhalyakho
    • , Denis Daragan
    • , Yuri Bogunov
    • , Anna Bogunova
    • , Alexandr Shtrunov
    • , Nadezhda Dubova
    • , Maxat Zhabagin
    • , Levon Yepiskoposyan
    • , Vladimir Churakov
    • , Nikolay Pislegin
    • , Larissa Damba
    • , Ludmila Saroyants
    • , Khadizhat Dibirova
    • , Lubov Atramentova
    • , Olga Utevska
    • , Eldar Idrisov
    • , Evgeniya Kamenshchikova
    • , Irina Evseeva
    • , Mait Metspalu
    • , Alan K. Outram
    • , Martine Robbeets
    • , Leyla Djansugurova
    • , Elena Balanovska
    • , Stephan Schiffels
    • , Wolfgang Haak
    • , David Reich
    •  & Johannes Krause

Amendments & Corrections