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Volume 3 Issue 3, March 2019

Volume 3 Issue 3

Urban pollinators

Bumblebees, such as this Bombus lucorum visiting an Eryngium flower in an urban allotment, are important urban pollinators. Analysis of plant-pollinator networks in UK cities shows that increasing the area of allotments and adding flowers to urban green space improves the robustness of city-scale plant-pollinator communities.

See Baldock et al.

Image: Nadine Mitschunas. Cover Design: Bethany Vukomanovic.

Editorial

Correspondence

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    Sociocultural transitions and medical advancements can disrupt evolutionary equilibriums underlying modern human anatomy, physiology and life history. Disentangling such complex biosocial evolutionary dynamics poses serious ethical questions but has strong potential for guiding public health policies.

    • Philipp Mitteroecker

    Collection:

  • Comment |

    Researchers in various contexts have long struggled with an apparent disconnect between an individual’s level of understanding of biological evolution and their acceptance of it as an explanation for the history and diversity of life. Here, we discuss the main factors associated with acceptance of evolution and chart a path forward for evolution education research.

    • Ryan D. P. Dunk
    • M. Elizabeth Barnes
    • Jason R. Wiles
  • Comment |

    Since its inception, the East African Association for Palaeoanthropology and Palaeontology has brought together scholars and researchers who conduct research in palaeoanthropology, archaeology and palaeontology, creating a balanced forum for the study of human heritage in Africa.

    • Zeresenay Alemseged
    • Jackson Njau
    • Emmanuel Ndiema

    Collection:

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    A survey of 16S rRNA sequences of the skin microbiomes of amphibians across the globe reveals links between climate and species richness as well as potential bacterial gene functions. The work paves the way for mechanistic studies of how the environment affects microbial community assembly.

    • Andrea J. Jani
  • News & Views |

    A modelling study suggests that the ecology of host co-colonisation may play a key role in shaping population-level frequencies of antibiotic resistance in commensal bacteria.

    • Sonja Lehtinen
  • News & Views |

    A game theory study supported by in vitro experimental data shows that drug treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer cells causes the cells to switch between evolutionary games they play among each other. Moreover, the work calls into question standard assumptions on the fitness costs of drug resistance to cancer cells.

    • Kateřina Staňková

Reviews

  • Perspective |

    Conceptualising the Last Eukaryotic Common Ancestor (LECA) is essential for unravelling early evolution, yet there is disagreement over what form LECA took. Here the authors examine four potential forms of LECA: an abstract phylogenetic state, a single cell, a population, and a consortium of organisms.

    • Maureen A. O’Malley
    • Michelle M. Leger
    • Iñaki Ruiz-Trillo
  • Perspective |

    Climate change is spatially asymmetrical and so will alter the behaviour of generalist consumer species, affecting food webs in two ways. Movement into novel ecosystems will affect the topology of food webs, while changes within an ecosystem will affect interaction strengths.

    • Timothy J. Bartley
    • Kevin S. McCann
    • Bailey C. McMeans
  • Perspective |

    Evolutionary change in trait variation has the potential to affect the ecosystem tipping points that are of concern in a world undergoing anthropogenic change.

    • Vasilis Dakos
    • Blake Matthews
    • Luc De Meester

Research

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