Volume 3 Issue 1, January 2019

Volume 3 Issue 1

Endless forms

A celebration of some of the species that have featured in the pages of Nature Ecology & Evolution during 2018.

See here for the names of all the species and the articles they appear in.

Image: Rohan Chakravarty. Cover Design: Bethany Vukomanovic.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    Our annual report of the journal’s statistics shows little overall change on gender and geographical diversity, and highlights areas where our editors want to redouble efforts — with help from you.

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    Evidence overwhelmingly shows structural barriers to women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields, and suggests that the onus cannot be on women alone to confront the gender bias in our community. Here, I share my experience as a scientist and a woman who has collected data during more than ten years of scientific training about how best to navigate the academic maze of biases and barriers.

    • Kathleen E. Grogan

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Imaging of pterosaur skin reveals evidence of coloured feather-like structures, but whether these are homologous with true feathers is open to debate.

    • Liliana D’Alba
  • News & Views |

    The presence of Neanderthal DNA fragments in the genomes of modern humans from Europe and East Asia indicates multiple episodes of interbreeding between Neanderthals and the ancestors of both populations.

    • Fabrizio Mafessoni
  • News & Views |

    Economic analysis of a large-scale restoration project in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest finds that spatial prioritization efforts could provide an eightfold increase in conservation cost-effectiveness.

    • Anni Arponen
  • News & Views |

    Analysis of fruit bat colonies reveals that, for members of the same colony, fur microbial communities change in concert.

    • Elizabeth A. Archie

Research

  • Brief Communication |

    Signing of peace agreements in Colombia has brought armed conflict to an end, but has also led to encroachment, development and deforestation of previously disputed forested areas, as revealed by remote sensing data.

    • Dolors Armenteras
    • , Laura Schneider
    •  & Liliana María Dávalos
  • Article |

    Microscopic and spectroscopic analyses and imaging of integumentary structures in two anurognathid pterosaurs reveal that their integuments were more like feathers (as seen in maniraptoran dinosaurs) than fur, as was previously supposed.

    • Zixiao Yang
    • , Baoyu Jiang
    • , Maria E. McNamara
    • , Stuart L. Kearns
    • , Michael Pittman
    • , Thomas G. Kaye
    • , Patrick J. Orr
    • , Xing Xu
    •  & Michael J. Benton
  • Article |

    Radiocarbon dates, stable isotope data and DNA sequencing indicate an Elasmotheriinae/Rhinocerotinae split by the Eocene period, and the extinction of Elasmotherium sibiricum no later than 39,000 years ago, to which its specialized diet was probably a contributing factor.

    • Pavel Kosintsev
    • , Kieren J. Mitchell
    • , Thibaut Devièse
    • , Johannes van der Plicht
    • , Margot Kuitems
    • , Ekaterina Petrova
    • , Alexei Tikhonov
    • , Thomas Higham
    • , Daniel Comeskey
    • , Chris Turney
    • , Alan Cooper
    • , Thijs van Kolfschoten
    • , Anthony J. Stuart
    •  & Adrian M. Lister
  • Article |

    Studying the asymmetry in the pattern of Neanderthal introgression in modern human genomes between individuals of East Asian and European ancestry, the authors show recurrent gene flow from Neanderthals into modern humans.

    • Fernando A. Villanea
    •  & Joshua G. Schraiber
  • Article |

    Analysing a global database of >40,000 tundra plant phenological observations monitored for up to 20 years, the authors show that community-level flowering has been contracting in response to recent warming, in contrast to findings from lower latitudes.

    • Janet S. Prevéy
    • , Christian Rixen
    • , Nadja Rüger
    • , Toke T. Høye
    • , Anne D. Bjorkman
    • , Isla H. Myers-Smith
    • , Sarah C. Elmendorf
    • , Isabel W. Ashton
    • , Nicoletta Cannone
    • , Chelsea L. Chisholm
    • , Karin Clark
    • , Elisabeth J. Cooper
    • , Bo Elberling
    • , Anna Maria Fosaa
    • , Greg H. R. Henry
    • , Robert D. Hollister
    • , Ingibjörg Svala Jónsdóttir
    • , Kari Klanderud
    • , Christopher W. Kopp
    • , Esther Lévesque
    • , Marguerite Mauritz
    • , Ulf Molau
    • , Susan M. Natali
    • , Steven. F. Oberbauer
    • , Zoe A. Panchen
    • , Eric Post
    • , Sabine B. Rumpf
    • , Niels Martin Schmidt
    • , Edward Schuur
    • , Philipp R. Semenchuk
    • , Jane G. Smith
    • , Katharine N. Suding
    • , Ørjan Totland
    • , Tiffany Troxler
    • , Susanna Venn
    • , Carl-Henrik Wahren
    • , Jeffrey M. Welker
    •  & Sonja Wipf
  • Article |

    A compilation of distribution, phylogenetic, trait and risk data for more than 10,000 species of terrestrial vertebrates finds that conservation plans that target species diversity are typically also representative of phylogenetic and functional diversity.

    • Giovanni Rapacciuolo
    • , Catherine H. Graham
    • , Julie Marin
    • , Jocelyn E. Behm
    • , Gabriel C. Costa
    • , S. Blair Hedges
    • , Matthew R. Helmus
    • , Volker C. Radeloff
    • , Bruce E. Young
    •  & Thomas M. Brooks
  • Article |

    A restoration prioritization approach applied to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biodiversity hotspot considers 362 scenarios for synergies and trade-offs between ecological and economic costs, benefits and scales.

    • Bernardo B. N. Strassburg
    • , Hawthorne L. Beyer
    • , Renato Crouzeilles
    • , Alvaro Iribarrem
    • , Felipe Barros
    • , Marinez Ferreira de Siqueira
    • , Andrea Sánchez-Tapia
    • , Andrew Balmford
    • , Jerônimo Boelsums Barreto Sansevero
    • , Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
    • , Eben North Broadbent
    • , Robin L. Chazdon
    • , Ary Oliveira Filho
    • , Toby A. Gardner
    • , Ascelin Gordon
    • , Agnieszka Latawiec
    • , Rafael Loyola
    • , Jean Paul Metzger
    • , Morena Mills
    • , Hugh P. Possingham
    • , Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
    • , Carlos Alberto de Mattos Scaramuzza
    • , Fabio Rubio Scarano
    • , Leandro Tambosi
    •  & Maria Uriarte
  • Article |

    Females are often dominant in spotted hyaena societies. Here, the authors show that this dominance emerges from male-biased dispersal and its effect on social bonds, which can result in increased social support for females.

    • Colin Vullioud
    • , Eve Davidian
    • , Bettina Wachter
    • , François Rousset
    • , Alexandre Courtiol
    •  & Oliver P. Höner
  • Article | | open

    The genomes of two long-lived giant tortoises, including Lonesome George, reveal candidate genes and pathways associated with their development, gigantism and longevity.

    • Víctor Quesada
    • , Sandra Freitas-Rodríguez
    • , Joshua Miller
    • , José G. Pérez-Silva
    • , Zi-Feng Jiang
    • , Washington Tapia
    • , Olaya Santiago-Fernández
    • , Diana Campos-Iglesias
    • , Lukas F. K. Kuderna
    • , Maud Quinzin
    • , Miguel G. Álvarez
    • , Dido Carrero
    • , Luciano B. Beheregaray
    • , James P. Gibbs
    • , Ylenia Chiari
    • , Scott Glaberman
    • , Claudio Ciofi
    • , Miguel Araujo-Voces
    • , Pablo Mayoral
    • , Javier R. Arango
    • , Isaac Tamargo-Gómez
    • , David Roiz-Valle
    • , María Pascual-Torner
    • , Benjamin R. Evans
    • , Danielle L. Edwards
    • , Ryan C. Garrick
    • , Michael A. Russello
    • , Nikos Poulakakis
    • , Stephen J. Gaughran
    • , Danny O. Rueda
    • , Gabriel Bretones
    • , Tomàs Marquès-Bonet
    • , Kevin P. White
    • , Adalgisa Caccone
    •  & Carlos López-Otín
  • Article | | open

    The cnidarian moon jellyfish Aurelia has a medusa life stage with a complex neural system. By comparing the Aurelia genome and transcriptomes from different life stages with those of other cnidarians, the authors show that life cycle complexity is not associated with increased number of genes.

    • David A. Gold
    • , Takeo Katsuki
    • , Yang Li
    • , Xifeng Yan
    • , Michael Regulski
    • , David Ibberson
    • , Thomas Holstein
    • , Robert E. Steele
    • , David K. Jacobs
    •  & Ralph J. Greenspan
  • Article | | open

    Genome sequencing of the fall webworm, a destructive pest in Europe and Asia, suggests changes in carbohydrate metabolism, gustatory receptors and silk-yielding associated with its rapid spread.

    • Ningning Wu
    • , Sufang Zhang
    • , Xiaowei Li
    • , Yanghui Cao
    • , Xiaojing Liu
    • , Qinghua Wang
    • , Qun Liu
    • , Huihui Liu
    • , Xiao Hu
    • , Xuguo J. Zhou
    • , Anthony A. James
    • , Zhen Zhang
    • , Yongping Huang
    •  & Shuai Zhan
  • Article |

    Changes in the fur microbiome of Egyptian fruit bats are synchronized through time at the level of whole colonies, together with fur volatile compounds. This contrasts with their gut microbiome profiles, which change at the level of the individual.

    • Oren Kolodny
    • , Maya Weinberg
    • , Leah Reshef
    • , Lee Harten
    • , Abraham Hefetz
    • , Uri Gophna
    • , Marcus W. Feldman
    •  & Yossi Yovel

Amendments & Corrections