Volume 1 Issue 12, December 2017

Volume 1 Issue 12

All change

The isolated island continent of Australia has an exceptionally diverse lizard and snake fauna. However, this fauna is relatively young, and characterized by mass turnover and immigration following major climatic perturbations in the mid-Cenozoic.

See Oliver et al. 1, 1896-1902 (2017)

Image: Damien Esquerré. Cover Design: Allen Beattie.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    Science, including the fields of ecology and evolution, must advocate a zero-tolerance policy towards harassment and bullying. This means promoting safe workspaces in all contexts, and letting go of the idea that fieldwork entails special circumstances.

Correspondence

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    Adaptive certification is the best remaining option for the trophy hunting industry in Africa to demonstrate sustainable and ethical hunting practices that benefit local communities and wildlife conservation.

    • Thomas C. Wanger
    • , Lochran W. Traill
    • , Rosie Cooney
    • , Jonathan R. Rhodes
    •  & Teja Tscharntke

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    The application of a species-extinction model allows improved determination of the timing of phenological events, and increases the breadth of data types that can be mined and compared in phenology research.

    • Elizabeth R. Ellwood
  • News & Views |

    Phylogenetic data infer temporal clustering of immigration and re-diversification of Australian lizards and snakes, suggesting that climatic and geological changes may have precipitated re-assemblies of this vertebrate group.

    • Tiago B. Quental

Reviews

  • Perspective |

    Biocultural approaches combining local values, knowledge, and needs with global ecological factors provide a fruitful indicator framework for assessing local and global well-being and sustainability, and help bridge the divide between them.

    • Eleanor J. Sterling
    • , Christopher Filardi
    • , Anne Toomey
    • , Amanda Sigouin
    • , Erin Betley
    • , Nadav Gazit
    • , Jennifer Newell
    • , Simon Albert
    • , Diana Alvira
    • , Nadia Bergamini
    • , Mary Blair
    • , David Boseto
    • , Kate Burrows
    • , Nora Bynum
    • , Sophie Caillon
    • , Jennifer E. Caselle
    • , Joachim Claudet
    • , Georgina Cullman
    • , Rachel Dacks
    • , Pablo B. Eyzaguirre
    • , Steven Gray
    • , James Herrera
    • , Peter Kenilorea
    • , Kealohanuiopuna Kinney
    • , Natalie Kurashima
    • , Suzanne Macey
    • , Cynthia Malone
    • , Senoveva Mauli
    • , Joe McCarter
    • , Heather McMillen
    • , Pua’ala Pascua
    • , Patrick Pikacha
    • , Ana L. Porzecanski
    • , Pascale de Robert
    • , Matthieu Salpeteur
    • , Myknee Sirikolo
    • , Mark H. Stege
    • , Kristina Stege
    • , Tamara Ticktin
    • , Ron Vave
    • , Alaka Wali
    • , Paige West
    • , Kawika B. Winter
    •  & Stacy D. Jupiter
  • Perspective |

    Intragenomic conflict arises when a gene functions for its own good to the detriment of the rest of the genome. Here, the authors propose a general theory of intragenomic conflict and discuss its implications to organismal maladaptation and human disease.

    • Andy Gardner
    •  & Francisco Úbeda

Research

  • Article |

    The structuring of soil into distinct aggregates is a key element in biogeochemical cycling. Here, a meta-analysis reveals a strong positive effect of soil biota on soil aggregation, with the largest influence coming from bacteria and fungi.

    • Anika Lehmann
    • , Weishuang Zheng
    •  & Matthias C. Rillig
  • Article |

    Accurate understanding of plant litter decomposition is vital to inform Earth system modelling. Here the dominant hierarchical model for plant litter decomposition is found to be wanting, and revisions are suggested.

    • Mark A. Bradford
    • , G. F. (Ciska) Veen
    • , Anne Bonis
    • , Ella M. Bradford
    • , Aimee T. Classen
    • , J. Hans C. Cornelissen
    • , Thomas. W. Crowther
    • , Jonathan R. De Long
    • , Gregoire T. Freschet
    • , Paul Kardol
    • , Marta Manrubia-Freixa
    • , Daniel S. Maynard
    • , Gregory S. Newman
    • , Richard S. P. Logtestijn
    • , Maria Viketoft
    • , David A. Wardle
    • , William R. Wieder
    • , Stephen A. Wood
    •  & Wim H. van der Putten
  • Article |

    Winter sea ice is thought to provide critical grazing habitat for overwintering Antarctic krill. In contrast, here the authors show that the pack-ice zone is a food-poor habitat, but does serve as an important sheltering ground for developing larvae.

    • Bettina Meyer
    • , Ulrich Freier
    • , Volker Grimm
    • , Jürgen Groeneveld
    • , Brian P. V. Hunt
    • , Sven Kerwath
    • , Rob King
    • , Christine Klaas
    • , Evgeny Pakhomov
    • , Klaus M. Meiners
    • , Jessica Melbourne-Thomas
    • , Eugene J. Murphy
    • , Sally E. Thorpe
    • , Sharon Stammerjohn
    • , Dieter Wolf-Gladrow
    • , Lutz Auerswald
    • , Albrecht Götz
    • , Laura Halbach
    • , Simon Jarman
    • , So Kawaguchi
    • , Thomas Krumpen
    • , Gernot Nehrke
    • , Robert Ricker
    • , Michael Sumner
    • , Mathias Teschke
    • , Rowan Trebilco
    •  & Noyan I. Yilmaz
  • Article |

    Islands are thought to be an area of high concern in terms of invasive species impact. Here a global, network-oriented analysis of invasive species on islands characterizes this threat.

    • Céline Bellard
    • , Jean-François Rysman
    • , Boris Leroy
    • , Chantal Claud
    •  & Georgina M. Mace
  • Article |

    The stability of ecological networks depends on both inter- and intraspecific interactions. Here, the authors show that intraspecific self-regulation is a necessary feature for the stabilization of empirical and theoretical networks.

    • György Barabás
    • , Matthew J. Michalska-Smith
    •  & Stefano Allesina
  • Article |

    A global species-level phylogeny of palm fruit size and species distributions reveals that frugivory-related traits in combination with geography and the movement behaviour of frugivores can influence the speciation of fleshy-fruited plants.

    • Renske E. Onstein
    • , William J. Baker
    • , Thomas L. P. Couvreur
    • , Søren Faurby
    • , Jens-Christian Svenning
    •  & W. Daniel Kissling
  • Article |

    Munias are small birds that underwent a rapid radiation in Papua New Guinea and Australia. Here, the authors show that the unique colouration of each species was generated by introgression and selection of ancestral genetic variation at a few relevant genes.

    • Katherine Faust Stryjewski
    •  & Michael D. Sorenson
  • Article | | open

    Fungi of the genus Armillaria include devastating forest pathogens that cause root rot disease in many plants. Sequencing genomes and transcriptomes of several species, the authors reveal the genetic basis of dispersal, multicellular development and pathogenic mechanisms in Armillaria.

    • György Sipos
    • , Arun N. Prasanna
    • , Mathias C. Walter
    • , Eoin O’Connor
    • , Balázs Bálint
    • , Krisztina Krizsán
    • , Brigitta Kiss
    • , Jaqueline Hess
    • , Torda Varga
    • , Jason Slot
    • , Robert Riley
    • , Bettina Bóka
    • , Daniel Rigling
    • , Kerrie Barry
    • , Juna Lee
    • , Sirma Mihaltcheva
    • , Kurt LaButti
    • , Anna Lipzen
    • , Rose Waldron
    • , Nicola M. Moloney
    • , Christoph Sperisen
    • , László Kredics
    • , Csaba Vágvölgyi
    • , Andrea Patrignani
    • , David Fitzpatrick
    • , István Nagy
    • , Sean Doyle
    • , James B. Anderson
    • , Igor V. Grigoriev
    • , Ulrich Güldener
    • , Martin Münsterkötter
    •  & László G. Nagy
  • Article |

    In spiralians (molluscs, annelids and platyhelminths), division of cells in the early embryo follows spiral geometry and cell fate is defined in early development. Here, the authors find spiralian-specific TALE genes that are essential for specifying cell fate.

    • Yoshiaki Morino
    • , Naoki Hashimoto
    •  & Hiroshi Wada
  • Article |

    Accessory loci are shown to have similar frequencies in diverse Streptococcus pneumoniae populations, suggesting negative frequency-dependent selection drives post-vaccination population restructuring.

    • Jukka Corander
    • , Christophe Fraser
    • , Michael U. Gutmann
    • , Brian Arnold
    • , William P. Hanage
    • , Stephen D. Bentley
    • , Marc Lipsitch
    •  & Nicholas J. Croucher
  • Article |

    Leishmania donovani is an important human pathogen. Here, the authors show that aneuploidy turnover and haplotype selection are two mechanisms by which L. donovani adapts to environmental fluctuations inside the mammalian host.

    • Pablo Prieto Barja
    • , Pascale Pescher
    • , Giovanni Bussotti
    • , Franck Dumetz
    • , Hideo Imamura
    • , Darek Kedra
    • , Malgorzata Domagalska
    • , Victor Chaumeau
    • , Heinz Himmelbauer
    • , Michel Pages
    • , Yvon Sterkers
    • , Jean-Claude Dujardin
    • , Cedric Notredame
    •  & Gerald Frank Späth