Latest Research

  • Article |

    Analysis of de novo mutations in sequences of great ape parent-offspring trios suggests that mutation rates slowed down in the recent human lineage, reconciling dates from the fossil record.

    • Søren Besenbacher
    • , Christina Hvilsom
    • , Tomas Marques-Bonet
    • , Thomas Mailund
    •  & Mikkel Heide Schierup
  • Article |

    New 43–45 ka dates for stone tool assemblages associated with anatomically modern humans (AMHs) at the southern Spanish site of Bajondillo suggest an early AMH incursion and weaken the case for late Neanderthal persistence in the region.

    • Miguel Cortés-Sánchez
    • , Francisco J. Jiménez-Espejo
    • , María D. Simón-Vallejo
    • , Chris Stringer
    • , María Carmen Lozano Francisco
    • , Antonio García-Alix
    • , José L. Vera Peláez
    • , Carlos P. Odriozola
    • , José A. Riquelme-Cantal
    • , Rubén Parrilla Giráldez
    • , Adolfo Maestro González
    • , Naohiko Ohkouchi
    •  & Arturo Morales-Muñiz
  • Article |

    Undertaking an incubation study on soil collected from 110 dryland sites across the world, the authors show that the response of soil microbial respiration to temperature is consistent with that of adaptation to the ambient thermal regime.

    • Marina Dacal
    • , Mark A. Bradford
    • , César Plaza
    • , Fernando T. Maestre
    •  & Pablo García-Palacios
  • Article |

    Analysing plant–pollinator interactions across all major land use classes in four cities, the authors show that residential gardens and community gardens are urban pollinator hotspots, with pollinator abundance positively associated with household income.

    • Katherine C. R. Baldock
    • , Mark A. Goddard
    • , Damien M. Hicks
    • , William E. Kunin
    • , Nadine Mitschunas
    • , Helen Morse
    • , Lynne M. Osgathorpe
    • , Simon G. Potts
    • , Kirsty M. Robertson
    • , Anna V. Scott
    • , Phillip P. A. Staniczenko
    • , Graham N. Stone
    • , Ian P. Vaughan
    •  & Jane Memmott
  • Article |

    Measuring microbial respiration in soils collected for three years along a latitudinal gradient, the authors find lower respiration rates and greater plasticity in responses at sites with higher mean annual temperatures, consistent with adaptation to thermal regimes.

    • Mark A. Bradford
    • , Rebecca L. McCulley
    • , Thomas. W. Crowther
    • , Emily E. Oldfield
    • , Stephen A. Wood
    •  & Noah Fierer
  • Article |

    Large-scale network analysis of invertebrate communities across >500 arable farms in the United Kingdom reveals that genetic modification for herbicide tolerance has little influence on overall network structure, which is largely shaped by crop type.

    • Athen Ma
    • , Xueke Lu
    • , Clare Gray
    • , Alan Raybould
    • , Alireza Tamaddoni-Nezhad
    • , Guy Woodward
    •  & David A. Bohan
  • Article |

    Lineage tracking of barcoded Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing in nutrient-limited conditions finds that a predictable increase in genetic diversity through single-mutant lineages is followed by a crash in diversity, owing to the success of highly fit double mutants.

    • Jamie R. Blundell
    • , Katja Schwartz
    • , Danielle Francois
    • , Daniel S. Fisher
    • , Gavin Sherlock
    •  & Sasha F. Levy
  • Article |

    Microscopic and spectroscopic analyses and imaging of integumentary structures in two anurognathid pterosaurs reveal that their integuments were more like feathers (as seen in maniraptoran dinosaurs) than fur, as was previously supposed.

    • Zixiao Yang
    • , Baoyu Jiang
    • , Maria E. McNamara
    • , Stuart L. Kearns
    • , Michael Pittman
    • , Thomas G. Kaye
    • , Patrick J. Orr
    • , Xing Xu
    •  & Michael J. Benton
  • Article |

    A restoration prioritization approach applied to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biodiversity hotspot considers 362 scenarios for synergies and trade-offs between ecological and economic costs, benefits and scales.

    • Bernardo B. N. Strassburg
    • , Hawthorne L. Beyer
    • , Renato Crouzeilles
    • , Alvaro Iribarrem
    • , Felipe Barros
    • , Marinez Ferreira de Siqueira
    • , Andrea Sánchez-Tapia
    • , Andrew Balmford
    • , Jerônimo Boelsums Barreto Sansevero
    • , Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
    • , Eben North Broadbent
    • , Robin L. Chazdon
    • , Ary Oliveira Filho
    • , Toby A. Gardner
    • , Ascelin Gordon
    • , Agnieszka Latawiec
    • , Rafael Loyola
    • , Jean Paul Metzger
    • , Morena Mills
    • , Hugh P. Possingham
    • , Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
    • , Carlos Alberto de Mattos Scaramuzza
    • , Fabio Rubio Scarano
    • , Leandro Tambosi
    •  & Maria Uriarte
  • Article |

    A compilation of distribution, phylogenetic, trait and risk data for more than 10,000 species of terrestrial vertebrates finds that conservation plans that target species diversity are typically also representative of phylogenetic and functional diversity.

    • Giovanni Rapacciuolo
    • , Catherine H. Graham
    • , Julie Marin
    • , Jocelyn E. Behm
    • , Gabriel C. Costa
    • , S. Blair Hedges
    • , Matthew R. Helmus
    • , Volker C. Radeloff
    • , Bruce E. Young
    •  & Thomas M. Brooks
  • Article |

    Changes in the fur microbiome of Egyptian fruit bats are synchronized through time at the level of whole colonies, together with fur volatile compounds. This contrasts with their gut microbiome profiles, which change at the level of the individual.

    • Oren Kolodny
    • , Maya Weinberg
    • , Leah Reshef
    • , Lee Harten
    • , Abraham Hefetz
    • , Uri Gophna
    • , Marcus W. Feldman
    •  & Yossi Yovel
  • Article |

    Male túngara frogs living in urban environments have adjusted their mating calls in response to differing sexual and natural selection pressures. Males have more conspicuous calls, experience lower predation risk and attract more females than forest-dwelling conspecifics.

    • Wouter Halfwerk
    • , Michiel Blaas
    • , Lars Kramer
    • , Nadia Hijner
    • , Paula A. Trillo
    • , Ximena E. Bernal
    • , Rachel A. Page
    • , Sandra Goutte
    • , Michael J. Ryan
    •  & Jacintha Ellers
  • Article |

    Analysing a global database of >40,000 tundra plant phenological observations monitored for up to 20 years, the authors show that community-level flowering has been contracting in response to recent warming, in contrast to findings from lower latitudes.

    • Janet S. Prevéy
    • , Christian Rixen
    • , Nadja Rüger
    • , Toke T. Høye
    • , Anne D. Bjorkman
    • , Isla H. Myers-Smith
    • , Sarah C. Elmendorf
    • , Isabel W. Ashton
    • , Nicoletta Cannone
    • , Chelsea L. Chisholm
    • , Karin Clark
    • , Elisabeth J. Cooper
    • , Bo Elberling
    • , Anna Maria Fosaa
    • , Greg H. R. Henry
    • , Robert D. Hollister
    • , Ingibjörg Svala Jónsdóttir
    • , Kari Klanderud
    • , Christopher W. Kopp
    • , Esther Lévesque
    • , Marguerite Mauritz
    • , Ulf Molau
    • , Susan M. Natali
    • , Steven. F. Oberbauer
    • , Zoe A. Panchen
    • , Eric Post
    • , Sabine B. Rumpf
    • , Niels Martin Schmidt
    • , Edward Schuur
    • , Philipp R. Semenchuk
    • , Jane G. Smith
    • , Katharine N. Suding
    • , Ørjan Totland
    • , Tiffany Troxler
    • , Susanna Venn
    • , Carl-Henrik Wahren
    • , Jeffrey M. Welker
    •  & Sonja Wipf
  • Article | | open

    Genome sequencing of the fall webworm, a destructive pest in Europe and Asia, suggests changes in carbohydrate metabolism, gustatory receptors and silk-yielding associated with its rapid spread.

    • Ningning Wu
    • , Sufang Zhang
    • , Xiaowei Li
    • , Yanghui Cao
    • , Xiaojing Liu
    • , Qinghua Wang
    • , Qun Liu
    • , Huihui Liu
    • , Xiao Hu
    • , Xuguo J. Zhou
    • , Anthony A. James
    • , Zhen Zhang
    • , Yongping Huang
    •  & Shuai Zhan
  • Article | | open

    The cnidarian moon jellyfish Aurelia has a medusa life stage with a complex neural system. By comparing the Aurelia genome and transcriptomes from different life stages with those of other cnidarians, the authors show that life cycle complexity is not associated with increased number of genes.

    • David A. Gold
    • , Takeo Katsuki
    • , Yang Li
    • , Xifeng Yan
    • , Michael Regulski
    • , David Ibberson
    • , Thomas Holstein
    • , Robert E. Steele
    • , David K. Jacobs
    •  & Ralph J. Greenspan
  • Article | | open

    The genomes of two long-lived giant tortoises, including Lonesome George, reveal candidate genes and pathways associated with their development, gigantism and longevity.

    • Víctor Quesada
    • , Sandra Freitas-Rodríguez
    • , Joshua Miller
    • , José G. Pérez-Silva
    • , Zi-Feng Jiang
    • , Washington Tapia
    • , Olaya Santiago-Fernández
    • , Diana Campos-Iglesias
    • , Lukas F. K. Kuderna
    • , Maud Quinzin
    • , Miguel G. Álvarez
    • , Dido Carrero
    • , Luciano B. Beheregaray
    • , James P. Gibbs
    • , Ylenia Chiari
    • , Scott Glaberman
    • , Claudio Ciofi
    • , Miguel Araujo-Voces
    • , Pablo Mayoral
    • , Javier R. Arango
    • , Isaac Tamargo-Gómez
    • , David Roiz-Valle
    • , María Pascual-Torner
    • , Benjamin R. Evans
    • , Danielle L. Edwards
    • , Ryan C. Garrick
    • , Michael A. Russello
    • , Nikos Poulakakis
    • , Stephen J. Gaughran
    • , Danny O. Rueda
    • , Gabriel Bretones
    • , Tomàs Marquès-Bonet
    • , Kevin P. White
    • , Adalgisa Caccone
    •  & Carlos López-Otín
  • Article |

    Radiocarbon dates, stable isotope data and DNA sequencing indicate an Elasmotheriinae/Rhinocerotinae split by the Eocene period, and the extinction of Elasmotherium sibiricum no later than 39,000 years ago, to which its specialized diet was probably a contributing factor.

    • Pavel Kosintsev
    • , Kieren J. Mitchell
    • , Thibaut Devièse
    • , Johannes van der Plicht
    • , Margot Kuitems
    • , Ekaterina Petrova
    • , Alexei Tikhonov
    • , Thomas Higham
    • , Daniel Comeskey
    • , Chris Turney
    • , Alan Cooper
    • , Thijs van Kolfschoten
    • , Anthony J. Stuart
    •  & Adrian M. Lister
  • Article |

    Studying the asymmetry in the pattern of Neanderthal introgression in modern human genomes between individuals of East Asian and European ancestry, the authors show recurrent gene flow from Neanderthals into modern humans.

    • Fernando A. Villanea
    •  & Joshua G. Schraiber
  • Article |

    Large-scale phylogenetic analysis of coral reef fish species shows that functional traits evolve fastest in those at high and low trophic levels with narrow diet breadth.

    • Samuel R. Borstein
    • , James A. Fordyce
    • , Brian C. O’Meara
    • , Peter C. Wainwright
    •  & Matthew D. McGee
  • Brief Communication |

    Signing of peace agreements in Colombia has brought armed conflict to an end, but has also led to encroachment, development and deforestation of previously disputed forested areas, as revealed by remote sensing data.

    • Dolors Armenteras
    • , Laura Schneider
    •  & Liliana María Dávalos
  • Review Article |

    Migratory species are often exploited by resident predators. Here, the authors review the extent to which prey induce large-scale movements of predators, and outline a framework for the ecological consequences of coupled migrations.

    • Nathan B. Furey
    • , Jonathan B. Armstrong
    • , David A. Beauchamp
    •  & Scott G. Hinch
  • Article |

    Although plant functional trait combinations reflect ecological trade-offs at the species level, little is known about how this translates to whole communities. Here, the authors show that global trait composition is captured by two main dimensions that are only weakly related to macro-environmental drivers.

    • Helge Bruelheide
    • , Jürgen Dengler
    • , Oliver Purschke
    • , Jonathan Lenoir
    • , Borja Jiménez-Alfaro
    • , Stephan M. Hennekens
    • , Zoltán Botta-Dukát
    • , Milan Chytrý
    • , Richard Field
    • , Florian Jansen
    • , Jens Kattge
    • , Valério D. Pillar
    • , Franziska Schrodt
    • , Miguel D. Mahecha
    • , Robert K. Peet
    • , Brody Sandel
    • , Peter van Bodegom
    • , Jan Altman
    • , Esteban Alvarez-Dávila
    • , Mohammed A. S. Arfin Khan
    • , Fabio Attorre
    • , Isabelle Aubin
    • , Christopher Baraloto
    • , Jorcely G. Barroso
    • , Marijn Bauters
    • , Erwin Bergmeier
    • , Idoia Biurrun
    • , Anne D. Bjorkman
    • , Benjamin Blonder
    • , Andraž Čarni
    • , Luis Cayuela
    • , Tomáš Černý
    • , J. Hans C. Cornelissen
    • , Dylan Craven
    • , Matteo Dainese
    • , Géraldine Derroire
    • , Michele De Sanctis
    • , Sandra Díaz
    • , Jiří Doležal
    • , William Farfan-Rios
    • , Ted R. Feldpausch
    • , Nicole J. Fenton
    • , Eric Garnier
    • , Greg R. Guerin
    • , Alvaro G. Gutiérrez
    • , Sylvia Haider
    • , Tarek Hattab
    • , Greg Henry
    • , Bruno Hérault
    • , Pedro Higuchi
    • , Norbert Hölzel
    • , Jürgen Homeier
    • , Anke Jentsch
    • , Norbert Jürgens
    • , Zygmunt Kącki
    • , Dirk N. Karger
    • , Michael Kessler
    • , Michael Kleyer
    • , Ilona Knollová
    • , Andrey Y. Korolyuk
    • , Ingolf Kühn
    • , Daniel C. Laughlin
    • , Frederic Lens
    • , Jacqueline Loos
    • , Frédérique Louault
    • , Mariyana I. Lyubenova
    • , Yadvinder Malhi
    • , Corrado Marcenò
    • , Maurizio Mencuccini
    • , Jonas V. Müller
    • , Jérôme Munzinger
    • , Isla H. Myers-Smith
    • , David A. Neill
    • , Ülo Niinemets
    • , Kate H. Orwin
    • , Wim A. Ozinga
    • , Josep Penuelas
    • , Aaron Pérez-Haase
    • , Petr Petřík
    • , Oliver L. Phillips
    • , Meelis Pärtel
    • , Peter B. Reich
    • , Christine Römermann
    • , Arthur V. Rodrigues
    • , Francesco Maria Sabatini
    • , Jordi Sardans
    • , Marco Schmidt
    • , Gunnar Seidler
    • , Javier Eduardo Silva Espejo
    • , Marcos Silveira
    • , Anita Smyth
    • , Maria Sporbert
    • , Jens-Christian Svenning
    • , Zhiyao Tang
    • , Raquel Thomas
    • , Ioannis Tsiripidis
    • , Kiril Vassilev
    • , Cyrille Violle
    • , Risto Virtanen
    • , Evan Weiher
    • , Erik Welk
    • , Karsten Wesche
    • , Marten Winter
    • , Christian Wirth
    •  & Ute Jandt
  • Article |

    Pseudomonas fluorescens is subjected to two stressors: the predatory thermophile Tetrahymena and sublethal antibiotic treatment. The interaction slows adaptation and destabilizes ecological dynamics.

    • Teppo Hiltunen
    • , Johannes Cairns
    • , Jens Frickel
    • , Matti Jalasvuori
    • , Jouni Laakso
    • , Veijo Kaitala
    • , Sven Künzel
    • , Emre Karakoc
    •  & Lutz Becks
  • Article |

    Tropical forest leaves are expected to absorb more of the Sun’s energy with climate warming, which could further increase global temperatures.

    • Christopher E. Doughty
    • , Paul Efren Santos-Andrade
    • , Alexander Shenkin
    • , Gregory R. Goldsmith
    • , Lisa P. Bentley
    • , Benjamin Blonder
    • , Sandra Díaz
    • , Norma Salinas
    • , Brian J. Enquist
    • , Roberta E. Martin
    • , Gregory P. Asner
    •  & Yadvinder Malhi
  • Article |

    Females are often dominant in spotted hyaena societies. Here, the authors show that this dominance emerges from male-biased dispersal and its effect on social bonds, which can result in increased social support for females.

    • Colin Vullioud
    • , Eve Davidian
    • , Bettina Wachter
    • , François Rousset
    • , Alexandre Courtiol
    •  & Oliver P. Höner
  • Article | | open

    Genomes of three Tuberaceae species and two related truffle species reveal genetic similarities across symbiotic truffle-forming fungi, including high expression of genes involved in volatile organic compound metabolism.

    • Claude Murat
    • , Thibaut Payen
    • , Benjamin Noel
    • , Alan Kuo
    • , Emmanuelle Morin
    • , Juan Chen
    • , Annegret Kohler
    • , Krisztina Krizsán
    • , Raffaella Balestrini
    • , Corinne Da Silva
    • , Barbara Montanini
    • , Mathieu Hainaut
    • , Elisabetta Levati
    • , Kerrie W. Barry
    • , Beatrice Belfiori
    • , Nicolas Cichocki
    • , Alicia Clum
    • , Rhyan B. Dockter
    • , Laure Fauchery
    • , Julie Guy
    • , Mirco Iotti
    • , François Le Tacon
    • , Erika A. Lindquist
    • , Anna Lipzen
    • , Fabienne Malagnac
    • , Antonietta Mello
    • , Virginie Molinier
    • , Shingo Miyauchi
    • , Julie Poulain
    • , Claudia Riccioni
    • , Andrea Rubini
    • , Yaron Sitrit
    • , Richard Splivallo
    • , Stefanie Traeger
    • , Mei Wang
    • , Lucia Žifčáková
    • , Daniel Wipf
    • , Alessandra Zambonelli
    • , Francesco Paolocci
    • , Minou Nowrousian
    • , Simone Ottonello
    • , Petr Baldrian
    • , Joseph W. Spatafora
    • , Bernard Henrissat
    • , Laszlo G. Nagy
    • , Jean-Marc Aury
    • , Patrick Wincker
    • , Igor V. Grigoriev
    • , Paola Bonfante
    •  & Francis M. Martin
  • Article |

    Twenty years of catch data and habitat surveys in coral reef fisheries in the Seychelles reveal that total yields can be maintained after severe bleaching and associated regime shifts, but the stability of fisheries is reduced.

    • James P. W. Robinson
    • , Shaun K. Wilson
    • , Jan Robinson
    • , Calvin Gerry
    • , Juliette Lucas
    • , Cindy Assan
    • , Rodney Govinden
    • , Simon Jennings
    •  & Nicholas A. J. Graham
  • Article |

    Combining two global datasets, the authors show that peak vegetation growth has been increasing linearly for the past 30 years, with similar proportions of NDVI variation attributable to expanding croplands, rising CO2 and intensifying nitrogen deposition.

    • Kun Huang
    • , Jianyang Xia
    • , Yingping Wang
    • , Anders Ahlström
    • , Jiquan Chen
    • , Robert B. Cook
    • , Erqian Cui
    • , Yuanyuan Fang
    • , Joshua B. Fisher
    • , Deborah Nicole Huntzinger
    • , Zhao Li
    • , Anna M. Michalak
    • , Yang Qiao
    • , Kevin Schaefer
    • , Christopher Schwalm
    • , Jing Wang
    • , Yaxing Wei
    • , Xiaoni Xu
    • , Liming Yan
    • , Chenyu Bian
    •  & Yiqi Luo
  • Article |

    A major effect locus is identified that contributes to overyielding when two different accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana are grown together, suggesting a simple genetic basis for the positive effects of biodiversity on community functioning.

    • Samuel E. Wuest
    •  & Pascal A. Niklaus
  • Brief Communication |

    In a coordinated distributed dispersal experiment involving seven laboratories, the authors show that both top-down predation risk and bottom-up resource limitation increase emigration rates across 21 species ranging from protozoa to vertebrates.

    • Emanuel A. Fronhofer
    • , Delphine Legrand
    • , Florian Altermatt
    • , Armelle Ansart
    • , Simon Blanchet
    • , Dries Bonte
    • , Alexis Chaine
    • , Maxime Dahirel
    • , Frederik De Laender
    • , Jonathan De Raedt
    • , Lucie di Gesu
    • , Staffan Jacob
    • , Oliver Kaltz
    • , Estelle Laurent
    • , Chelsea J. Little
    • , Luc Madec
    • , Florent Manzi
    • , Stefano Masier
    • , Felix Pellerin
    • , Frank Pennekamp
    • , Nicolas Schtickzelle
    • , Lieven Therry
    • , Alexandre Vong
    • , Laurane Winandy
    •  & Julien Cote
  • Article |

    Data from more than 200 million observations of plants, animals and fungi provide support for the concept that terrestrial biodiversity patterns reflect distinct ecoregions.

    • Jeffrey R. Smith
    • , Andrew D. Letten
    • , Po-Ju Ke
    • , Christopher B. Anderson
    • , J. Nicholas Hendershot
    • , Manpreet K. Dhami
    • , Glade A. Dlott
    • , Tess N. Grainger
    • , Meghan E. Howard
    • , Beth M. L. Morrison
    • , Devin Routh
    • , Priscilla A. San Juan
    • , Harold A. Mooney
    • , Erin A. Mordecai
    • , Thomas W. Crowther
    •  & Gretchen C. Daily
  • Brief Communication |

    In the Western Ghats of India, the presence of wind farms is found to reduce the abundance and activity of predatory birds, with the associated effect of increasing the density of lizard prey and altering lizard behaviour and physiology.

    • Maria Thaker
    • , Amod Zambre
    •  & Harshal Bhosale
  • Article |

    Analysis of 4,578 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates reveals the evolutionary history of the four tuberculosis genotypes in China, from emergence 1,000 years ago to expansion, population peaks and, more recently, dominance of the indigenous sublineage L2.3.

    • Qingyun Liu
    • , Aijing Ma
    • , Lanhai Wei
    • , Yu Pang
    • , Beibei Wu
    • , Tao Luo
    • , Yang Zhou
    • , Hong-Xiang Zheng
    • , Qi Jiang
    • , Mingyu Gan
    • , Tianyu Zuo
    • , Mei Liu
    • , Chongguang Yang
    • , Li Jin
    • , Iñaki Comas
    • , Sebastien Gagneux
    • , Yanlin Zhao
    • , Caitlin S. Pepperell
    •  & Qian Gao
  • Article |

    Terrestrial mammalian fossils have previously reconstructed a single cohesive late Miocene savannah biome across Eurasia and Africa. Here, palaeobotanical data tell a different story, pointing instead to mixed forest biomes across the same region. The results emphasize the need to use both palaeofaunal and palaeobotanical data in reconstructing past environments.

    • Thomas Denk
    • , Constantin M. Zohner
    • , Guido W. Grimm
    •  & Susanne S. Renner
  • Article |

    Evidence synthesized from 252 large-herbivore exclusion studies suggests that herbivore-induced change in dominance, independent of site productivity or precipitation, best predicts herbivore effects on biodiversity in grassland and savannah sites.

    • Sally E. Koerner
    • , Melinda D. Smith
    • , Deron E. Burkepile
    • , Niall P. Hanan
    • , Meghan L. Avolio
    • , Scott L. Collins
    • , Alan K. Knapp
    • , Nathan P. Lemoine
    • , Elisabeth J. Forrestel
    • , Stephanie Eby
    • , Dave I. Thompson
    • , Gerardo A. Aguado-Santacruz
    • , John P. Anderson
    • , T. Michael Anderson
    • , Ayana Angassa
    • , Sumanta Bagchi
    • , Elisabeth S. Bakker
    • , Gary Bastin
    • , Lauren E. Baur
    • , Karen H. Beard
    • , Erik A. Beever
    • , Patrick J. Bohlen
    • , Elizabeth H. Boughton
    • , Don Canestro
    • , Ariela Cesa
    • , Enrique Chaneton
    • , Jimin Cheng
    • , Carla M. D’Antonio
    • , Claire Deleglise
    • , Fadiala Dembélé
    • , Josh Dorrough
    • , David J. Eldridge
    • , Barbara Fernandez-Going
    • , Silvia Fernández-Lugo
    • , Lauchlan H. Fraser
    • , Bill Freedman
    • , Gonzalo García-Salgado
    • , Jacob R. Goheen
    • , Liang Guo
    • , Sean Husheer
    • , Moussa Karembé
    • , Johannes M. H. Knops
    • , Tineke Kraaij
    • , Andrew Kulmatiski
    • , Minna-Maarit Kytöviita
    • , Felipe Lezama
    • , Gregory Loucougaray
    • , Alejandro Loydi
    • , Dan G. Milchunas
    • , Suzanne J. Milton
    • , John W. Morgan
    • , Claire Moxham
    • , Kyle C. Nehring
    • , Han Olff
    • , Todd M. Palmer
    • , Salvador Rebollo
    • , Corinna Riginos
    • , Anita C. Risch
    • , Marta Rueda
    • , Mahesh Sankaran
    • , Takehiro Sasaki
    • , Kathryn A. Schoenecker
    • , Nick L. Schultz
    • , Martin Schütz
    • , Angelika Schwabe
    • , Frances Siebert
    • , Christian Smit
    • , Karen A. Stahlheber
    • , Christian Storm
    • , Dustin J. Strong
    • , Jishuai Su
    • , Yadugiri V. Tiruvaimozhi
    • , Claudia Tyler
    • , James Val
    • , Martijn L. Vandegehuchte
    • , Kari E. Veblen
    • , Lance T. Vermeire
    • , David Ward
    • , Jianshuang Wu
    • , Truman P. Young
    • , Qiang Yu
    •  & Tamara Jane Zelikova
  • Article |

    Stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of mammal teeth associated with stone tools and cut-marked bone dated to between 300,000 and 500,000 years ago reveals that, at the time of the earliest-known hominin presence, the Arabian peninsula was home to productive grasslands similar to modern-day African savannahs.

    • Patrick Roberts
    • , Mathew Stewart
    • , Abdulaziz N. Alagaili
    • , Paul Breeze
    • , Ian Candy
    • , Nick Drake
    • , Huw S. Groucutt
    • , Eleanor M. L. Scerri
    • , Julia Lee-Thorp
    • , Julien Louys
    • , Iyad S. Zalmout
    • , Yahya S. A. Al-Mufarreh
    • , Jana Zech
    • , Abdullah M. Alsharekh
    • , Abdulaziz al Omari
    • , Nicole Boivin
    •  & Michael Petraglia
  • Article |

    Evidence from starch grains, theobromine residues and ancient DNA demonstrate cacao use in the upper Amazon circa 5,300 years ago. This is earlier than previous evidence for cacao domestication in Mesoamerica.

    • Sonia Zarrillo
    • , Nilesh Gaikwad
    • , Claire Lanaud
    • , Terry Powis
    • , Christopher Viot
    • , Isabelle Lesur
    • , Olivier Fouet
    • , Xavier Argout
    • , Erwan Guichoux
    • , Franck Salin
    • , Rey Loor Solorzano
    • , Olivier Bouchez
    • , Hélène Vignes
    • , Patrick Severts
    • , Julio Hurtado
    • , Alexandra Yepez
    • , Louis Grivetti
    • , Michael Blake
    •  & Francisco Valdez