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In commemoration of the 200th anniversary of Alfred Russel Wallace’s birth, we bring together this Collection of articles across the Nature Portfolio showcasing the enduring legacy of Wallace’s discoveries on the theory of evolution and the geographical distribution of species.
Anthropogenic climate change is a scientific fact. Without immediate action, we are unlikely to meet the target goal of minimizing global warming to 1.5° C. This collection highlights the importance of human behaviour in climate action, mitigation and adaptation.
Biodiversity is being lost globally, at devastating rates. The 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention of Biological Diversity will finalise a global biodiversity conservation framework for 2020-2050.
The oceans have trapped one-third of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activities since the 1980s. They are home to 50-80% of life on Earth, feed over three billion people and support the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people.
The UN General Assembly proclaimed that 2020 is the International Year of Plant Health to recognize and protect plant health, and to raise awareness of the crucial role of plant health in ecosystem health, food security and human health. Plants host diverse microbial communities that are associated with plant roots, the phyllosphere, rhizosphere and the endosphere, and comprise bacteria, fungi, protists, nematodes and viruses. Numerous studies from different fields of research have expanded our knowledge of the complex interactions between the plant, the associated microbial communities as well as the environment, and provided insights into the ecology and functions of this co-association, including the appreciation that the plant microbiota is important for plant growth, fitness, stress resilience and health. Such an increased understanding opens up the possibility to harness plant-associated communities for sustainable plant production and agricultural practises and to protect plants from the effects of climate change and human activities that lead to a decrease in biodiversity and the spread of plant diseases. This Collection contains Reviews and Research articles from across the Nature group of journals that cover the latest advances in plant microbiome research, addressing critical knowledge gaps that need to be addressed, such as a better understanding of the assembly of the plant-associated microbial communities, their dynamics, metabolic interactions or functional properties.
To support urgent research to combat the ongoing outbreak of COVID-19, caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the editorial teams at Nature Research have curated a collection of relevant articles.