Review Articles

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  • This Review discusses challenges with detection and characterization of de novo genes and their mechanism of origin, and includes a curated list of de novo genes reported for humans.

    • Luuk A. Broeils
    • Jorge Ruiz-Orera
    • Sebastiaan van Heesch
    Review Article
  • Ecological syntheses are often assumed to identify generalities in effects, but this concept is rarely defined. Here, the authors review current practice in ecological synthesis and propose pathways to achieving generality.

    • Rebecca Spake
    • Rose E. O’Dea
    • James M. Bullock
    Review Article
  • Social cues are known to be involved in the timing of animal migrations. In this Review, the authors outline a framework for understanding the roles of different cues across temporal scales, and how these match with ecosystem dynamics.

    • William K. Oestreich
    • Kanoe M. Aiu
    • Briana Abrahms
    Review Article
  • Many viruses evolve quickly, leading to the coexistence of multiple strains within the same host and population. In this Review, the authors synthesize ecological and evolutionary approaches to studying the dynamics of multi-strain RNA virus infections and suggest opportunities for future work.

    • Dennis N. Makau
    • Samantha Lycett
    • Kimberly VanderWaal
    Review Article
  • Transmissible cancers are governed by the same evolutionary processes as asexually reproducing, unicellular organisms. This Review discusses population genetics processes that determine the evolution of clonally transmissible cancers.

    • Máire Ní Leathlobhair
    • Richard E. Lenski
    Review Article
  • For decades, the origin of mitochondria during eukaryogenesis has been viewed as a response to Earth’s oxygenation, but this has been challenged by more recent research. Here, the authors review recent literature, concluding that eukaryogenesis and the rise of oxygen were decoupled, and obligate aerosis in eukaryotes has only become widespread in the past 1 billion years

    • Daniel B. Mills
    • Richard A. Boyle
    • Timothy M. Lenton
    Review Article
  • Correlational selection is selection on the basis of combinations of traits. This Review demonstrates how considering correlational selection through a genomics lens will enhance integration of evolutionary research in different fields.

    • Erik I. Svensson
    • Stevan J. Arnold
    • Anna Runemark
    Review Article
  • This Review highlights how information from archaeology, history, palaeoecology and other past sources can, and should, be used to inform plans to enhance the sustainability and resilience of our societies.

    • Nicole Boivin
    • Alison Crowther
    Review Article
  • Ecological management strategies — from conservation to fisheries — require ecosystem-level thinking. This Review describes the main types of ecosystem model, how to select an appropriate model for a given application, and how to manage complexity and uncertainty.

    • William L. Geary
    • Michael Bode
    • Euan G. Ritchie
    Review Article
  • There has been intense debate as to whether biodiversity increases or reduces the risk of infectious disease. This Review is the result of researchers from both sides of the debate attempting to reach a consensus.

    • Jason R. Rohr
    • David J. Civitello
    • Erin A. Mordecai
    Review Article
  • The authors of this Review discuss cooperative systems across all biological levels, including genomes, multicellular organisms and societies, and develop mathematical models to argue that enforcement is central to the evolution of cooperation.

    • J. Arvid Ågren
    • Nicholas G. Davies
    • Kevin R. Foster
    Review Article
  • The evolution of the human facial skeleton is evaluated in the context of its extinct hominin relatives, and the biomechanical, physiological and social influences on its development are considered.

    • Rodrigo S. Lacruz
    • Chris B. Stringer
    • Juan-Luis Arsuaga
    Review Article
  • The World Database on Protected Areas has evolved since 1959 to become an essential resource for monitoring global progress in terrestrial and marine habitat protection. This Review illustrates the users and uses of the WDPA, its history of quality improvements and challenges for future development.

    • Heather C. Bingham
    • Diego Juffe Bignoli
    • Naomi Kingston
    Review Article
  • A review of current knowledge of the mosquito and vertebrate host species for Zika virus, mechanisms of vector-borne transmission, and the possible scenarios of recent Zika virus emergence and evolution, including potential spillback from urban to zoonotic cycles.

    • Gladys Gutiérrez-Bugallo
    • Luis Augusto Piedra
    • Anubis Vega-Rúa
    Review Article