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  • Global spatial information on biodiversity, carbon storage and land-use abound. Yet maps are conspicuously absent from national climate and biodiversity strategies, hampering integrated approaches to meeting economic, social and environmental objectives, including those under the forthcoming Global Biodiversity Framework.

    • Guido Schmidt-Traub
    Comment
  • Global priority maps have been transformative for conservation, but now have questionable utility and may crowd out other forms of research. Conservation must re-engage with contextually rich knowledge that builds global understanding from the ground up.

    • Carina Wyborn
    • Megan C. Evans
    Comment
  • Recent advances in AI-based 3D protein structure prediction could help address health-related questions, but may also have far-reaching implications for evolution. Here we discuss the advantages and limitations of high-quality 3D structural predictions by AlphaFold2 in unravelling the relationship between protein properties and their impact on fitness, and emphasize the need to integrate in silico structural predictions with functional genomic studies.

    • Shimon Bershtein
    • Daniel Kleiner
    • Dan Mishmar
    Comment
  • The future of SARS-CoV-2, including the possibility of elimination and eradication, remains uncertain, but much hinges on characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 immunity. The next few months to a year is a critical period for understanding these characteristics.

    • Rachel E. Baker
    • Sang Woo Park
    • C. Jessica E. Metcalf
    Comment
  • Global scientific partnerships should generate and share knowledge equitably, but too often exploit research partners in lower-income countries, while disproportionately benefitting those in higher-income countries. Here, I outline my suggestions for more-equitable partnerships.

    • Dolors Armenteras
    Comment
  • Global conceptions of Antarctica are dominated by colonial narratives despite an ostensibly collaborative paradigm. We argue that an Indigenous Māori framework centring relational thinking and connectedness, humans and non-human kin, and drawing on concepts of both reciprocity and responsibility, offers transformational insight into true collective management and conservation of Antarctica.

    • Priscilla M. Wehi
    • Vincent van Uitregt
    • Krushil Watene
    Comment
  • Concerted conservation efforts have led to a remarkable recovery of multiple green turtle (Chelonia mydas) populations worldwide. The voracious feeding of these returning populations is radically transforming tropical seagrass habitats in ways that prompt a re-think of the reference state and management plans for seagrass meadows.

    • Marjolijn J. A. Christianen
    • Marieke M. van Katwijk
    • Teresa Alcoverro
    Comment
  • At 50, the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, 1971) has a mixed legacy. To survive and stay relevant in the Anthropocene, the convention will need to embrace new ecological thinking and conservation approaches.

    • Peter Bridgewater
    • Rakhyun E. Kim
    Comment
  • The United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development presents an exceptional opportunity to effect positive change in ocean use. We outline what is required of the deep-sea research community to achieve these ambitious objectives.

    • Kerry L. Howell
    • Ana Hilário
    • Joana R. Xavier
    Comment
  • The study of environmental DNA can reveal information about the history and presence of Indigenous communities on their lands — potentially even inadvertently. Better engagement with the ethical aspects of environmental DNA research is required in the field as a whole, and especially for researchers working on Indigenous lands.

    • Matilda Handsley-Davis
    • Emma Kowal
    • Laura S. Weyrich
    Comment
  • In African wildlife conservation literature, southern and southeastern African voices dominate, giving a false impression of pan-Africanism. We present divergent perspectives from West, Central and the Horn of Africa and argue that empathy towards multiple perspectives offers increased resilience to COVID-19 and other crises.

    • Hans Bauer
    • Bertrand Chardonnet
    • Claudio Sillero-Zubiri
    Comment
  • Monoculture plantations have been promoted for the restoration of the world’s forested area, but these have not contained or reversed the loss of biodiversity. More innovative incentive policies should be implemented to shift the planet’s forest restoration policies from increasing the area of forests per se to improving their biodiversity.

    • Junze Zhang
    • Bojie Fu
    • Wenwu Zhao
    Comment
  • As a result of identity prejudice, certain individuals are more vulnerable to conflict and violence when they are in the field. It is paramount that all fieldworkers be informed of the risks some colleagues may face, so that they can define best practice together: here we recommend strategies to minimize risk for all individuals conducting fieldwork.

    • Amelia-Juliette Claire Demery
    • Monique Avery Pipkin
    Comment
  • As conservation organizations seek to create inclusive communities, they should reflect on current experiences. Using interview vignettes, we bring to attention the isolation and discrimination experienced by scientists who are Black, Indigenous and people of colour, alongside additional burdens of diversity and inclusion work.

    • Karen Bailey
    • Nia Morales
    • Milton Newberry III
    Comment
  • The pandemic will allow us to fundamentally remodel the way field-based sciences are taught, conducted and funded — but only if we stop waiting for a ‘return to normal’.

    • Eleanor M. L. Scerri
    • Denise Kühnert
    • Nicholas C. Vella
    Comment
  • Insecticide use could be reduced if dose recommendations move from a toxicological perspective (how much is needed to kill an insect pest) to an ecological perspective (how much is needed to protect a crop).

    • Théotime Colin
    • Coline Monchanin
    • Andrew B. Barron
    Comment
  • Recent engineered expansions of the Panama and Suez canals have accelerated the introduction of non-native marine fishes and other organisms between their adjacent waters. Measures to prevent further invasions through canals should be incorporated into global shipping policies, as well as through local efforts.

    • Gustavo A. Castellanos-Galindo
    • D. Ross Robertson
    • Mark E. Torchin
    Comment
  • Efforts by conservation scientists to draw public attention to the biodiversity crisis are increasingly met with denialist rhetoric. We summarize some of the methods used by denialists to undermine scientific evidence on biodiversity loss, and outline pathways forward for the scientific community to counter misinformation.

    • Alexander C. Lees
    • Simon Attwood
    • Ben Phalan
    Comment
  • Our non-Black colleagues must fight anti-Black racism and white supremacy within the academy to authentically promote Black excellence. Amplifying Black excellence in ecology and evolution is the antidote for white supremacy in the academy.

    • Christopher J. Schell
    • Cylita Guy
    • Nyeema C. Harris
    Comment