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  • This Perspective highlights the global consensus on the urgency and growing threat of invasive alien species, and management needs, as found by the 2023 report on invasive alien species conducted by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

    • Helen E. Roy
    • Aníbal Pauchard
    • Sílvia R. Ziller
  • Analysis of distributional data for 25,000 species challenges the assumption that species are bound to the climatic conditions that they inhabit today, and argues that many species may be able to venture into unoccupied areas of their fundamental niche.

    • David Nogués Bravo
    News & Views
  • Niche contiguity occurs when only current climatic conditions are used to estimate the niche of a species, ignoring potential niche expansion under climate change. An assessment of 24,944 species shows that nearly half exhibit niche contiguity, which can lead to overestimates of biodiversity loss under climate change.

    • Mathieu Chevalier
    • Olivier Broennimann
    • Antoine Guisan
  • Analysing strontium isotope ratios for individuals of 18 bovid and equid species dating to the Last Glacial Period (115–11.7 ka), the authors find that 16 of these species lack definitive evidence of migration, even those species that are long-distance migrants today.

    • Kaedan O’Brien
    • Katya Podkovyroff
    • J. Tyler Faith
  • This Review discusses challenges and best practices for archiving genetics and genomics data to make them more accessible and FAIR compliant.

    • Deborah M. Leigh
    • Amy G. Vandergast
    • Ivan Paz-Vinas
    Review Article
  • A global survey using baited cameras on coral reefs demonstrates a near twofold increase in the relative abundance of reef sharks in marine protected areas that are also embedded within areas of effective fisheries management. However, such conservation benefits were not evident for wide-ranging sharks or rays found on the reef.

    • David M. P. Jacoby
    News & Views
  • A survey of sharks and rays on coral reefs within 66 marine protected areas across 36 countries showcases that the conservation benefits of full MPA protection to sharks almost double when accompanied by effective fisheries management.

    • Jordan S. Goetze
    • Michael R. Heithaus
    • Demian D. Chapman
  • Achieving inclusive and sustainable ocean economies, long-term climate resilience and effective biodiversity conservation requires urgent and strategic actions from local to global scales. We discuss fundamental changes that are needed to allow equitable policy across these three domains.

    • Joachim Claudet
    • Jessica Blythe
    • Josheena Naggea
  • Sauropod specialist Verónica Díez Díaz retains a fondness for an armoured giant.

    • Verónica Díez Díaz
    Species Spotlight
  • Pangenomics enables us to trace the evolutionary history of clades and offers new perspectives on sources of genomic variation and adaptation of organisms.

  • Quantitative field ecologist who contributed to the fundamentals of polar science and pelagic ecology.

    • Tom B. Letessier
    • Martin J. Cox
    • Alex D. Rogers
  • Long-term high-resolution data on social relationships, space use and microhabitat in a wild population of mice (Apodemus sylvaticus), accompanied by sampling of the gut microbiota, show that distinct sets of microorganisms dominate social and environmental transmission routes of microbiota. Microorganisms with low oxygen tolerance are more reliant on social transmission.

    • Aura Raulo
    • Paul-Christian Bürkner
    • Sarah C. L. Knowles
    ArticleOpen Access
  • An analysis of nearly a quarter of a million forest plots finds that up to half of European forest biodiversity may be lost owing to climate change over the course of this century and provides tools to promote climate-resilient forests deep into the future.

    • Ian R. McFadden
    News & Views
  • Isotope analysis of human and faunal remains dated to the Later Stone Age reveals a substantial plant-based component to hunter-gatherer diets at the site of Taforalt, several millennia prior to the development of agriculture in the Levant, renewing the question of why agriculture did not develop contemporaneously in North Africa.

    • Zineb Moubtahij
    • Jeremy McCormack
    • Klervia Jaouen
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Species distribution modelling for 69 European tree species under current climate conditions and projected conditions to 2100 (in decadal steps) demonstrates that, for climate suitability to be maintained throughout a tree’s lifespan, many fewer tree species are available to forest managers than are currently used.

    • Johannes Wessely
    • Franz Essl
    • Rupert Seidl