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  • Analysis of fire radiative power derived from satellite data finds that the frequency of extreme fire events increased 2.2-fold from 2003 to 2023 and that these increases were mostly driven by extreme fires in temperate conifer and boreal forest biomes.

    • Calum X. Cunningham
    • Grant J. Williamson
    • David M. J. S. Bowman
    Brief Communication
  • This Review synthesizes global evidence on climate-change-driven spatial mismatch between predator and prey species in marine and terrestrial domains. The authors discuss ecosystem-level impacts of changes in predator–prey overlap and identify future research directions to understand the ecological consequences of these changes.

    • Gemma Carroll
    • Briana Abrahms
    • Megan A. Cimino
    Review Article
  • How biodiversity responds to habitat fragmentation per se is debated. Here the authors combine metacommunity simulations with reanalysis of empirical metacommunities to show that the amount of habitat loss modulates the response of biodiversity to fragmentation.

    • Helin Zhang
    • Jonathan M. Chase
    • Jinbao Liao
  • Analysis of 297 whole-genome sequences of six introduced European rabbit populations, domestic rabbits and wild rabbits from the native range shows wild and domestic ancestry in introduced rabbit populations and purging of alleles for domesticated traits when rabbits colonized novel natural environments.

    • Pedro Andrade
    • Joel M. Alves
    • Miguel Carneiro
  • A systematic review of 12,854 articles that use species distribution modelling shows that only 1,429 include human predictors as well as environmental ones. Half of those that include human predictors alongside future climate projections keep the human factors constant over time. The article discusses the need for greater inclusion of human predictors to inform policy and management.

    • Veronica F. Frans
    • Jianguo Liu
    AnalysisOpen Access
  • The authors investigate epifaunal tiering and ecological succession within the oldest preserved animal communities, those of the Ediacaran Avalon assemblage (574–560 Ma), identifying four community types that form irrespective of succession and finding that tiering is prevalent in three community types.

    • Nile P. Stephenson
    • Katie M. Delahooke
    • Emily G. Mitchell
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Data repositories are the best way of sharing data both before and after publication, and Nature journals offer integrated data uploading at initial manuscript submission.

  • Using a combination of machine learning and playback experiments in the field, we find that African savannah elephants address members of their family with individually specific, name-like calls. These ‘names’ are probably not imitative of the receiver’s calls, which is similar to human naming but unlike known phenomena in other animals.

    Research Briefing
  • Estimating age in clonal populations is exceedingly challenging, but a study proposes a molecular clock based on genome-wide fixed somatic variations as a solution.

    • Long Wang
    News & Views
  • This study develops a somatic molecular clock based on the accumulation of fixed somatic genetic variation that segregates among clonally produced organisms and applies it to the eelgrass Zostera marina.

    • Lei Yu
    • Jessie Renton
    • Thorsten B. H. Reusch
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Marine microbes can form habitats for animals and protists to colonize, promoting novel ecological interactions and also providing food and refuge. This Review surveys the ecology and biogeography of marine microbes as ecosystem engineers, and discusses their role in management and conservation.

    • Roberto Danovaro
    • Lisa A. Levin
    • Cinzia Corinaldesi
    Review Article
  • Most diversity–synchrony–stability studies are conducted on a single trophic level. A multitrophic assessment of algae–herbivore assemblages across five long-term tropical and temperate marine system datasets demonstrates the varied and complex nature of diversity–synchrony–stability relationships.

    • Griffin Srednick
    • Stephen E. Swearer
  • This Perspective argues that registration and registered reports are important tools for reducing research waste in ecology, and that this needs to be supported by coordinated efforts by funders, publishers and research institutions.

    • Marija Purgar
    • Paul Glasziou
    • Antica Culina
  • The authors build recombination maps of marine, freshwater and hybrid sticklebacks at a scale of 3.8 kb, examining differences in recombination rates and evolutionary implications in populations undergoing adaptive divergence. They find evidence of recombination suppression in hybrids and reduced fitness of recombinants in a natural hybrid zone.

    • Vrinda Venu
    • Enni Harjunmaa
    • Felicity C. Jones
    ArticleOpen Access