Carassius species fishes

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Our September issue includes marine conservation, rattlesnake venom, biodegradable sensors, linking neuron number and innovativeness in birds, and an Analysis and Editorial on research waste.


  • healthy planet and green energy sources

    Last November, world leaders met in Glasgow, UK for the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to discuss action on the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. This Collection draws together content from across the Nature Portfolio that discusses solutions to challenges in mitigation, adaptation and finance — key pillars for COP26.

Nature Ecology & Evolution is a Transformative Journal; authors can publish using the traditional publishing route OR via immediate gold Open Access.

Our Open Access option complies with funder and institutional requirements.


    • Harnessing big data and machine learning provides an assessment of the extinction risks of palm species worldwide, and illustrates an integrative conservation planning approach that incorporates evolutionary and ecological distinctiveness as well as human use.

      • Danilo M. Neves
      News & Views
    • Many viruses evolve quickly, leading to the coexistence of multiple strains within the same host and population. In this Review, the authors synthesize ecological and evolutionary approaches to studying the dynamics of multi-strain RNA virus infections and suggest opportunities for future work.

      • Dennis N. Makau
      • Samantha Lycett
      • Kimberly VanderWaal
      Review Article
    • Coevolutionary warfare between bacteria and phage results in the diversification of anti-phage CRISPR arrays among the most successful bacterial competitors

      • Saheli Saha
      • Samay Pande
      News & Views
    • Cnidarians and ctenophores have morphologically simpler nervous systems than those of bilaterians. Discovery and characterization of neuropeptides in a comb jelly and a sea anemone support a common origin of animal peptidergic neurons from digestive cells that could sense their environment.

      • Maria Y. Sachkova
      News & Views
    • A large dataset of aquatic biodiversity across multiple trophic levels from several wetlands in Brazil reveals that biodiversity–multifunctionality relationships break down with human pressures.

      • Rajeev Pillay
      News & Views

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