Figure 5 - Intraoperative view of an esophageal perforation.

From the following article

Surgical therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease

Renee C. Minjarez and Blair A. Jobe

GI Motility online (2006)



The blue bougie has perforated the esophagus. Perforations are immediately repaired and followed closely postoperatively. A postoperative barium swallow may be necessary to exclude a leak. There is also usually a period in which the patient remains NPO (nothing by mouth) to allow the perforation to heal. (Source: Courtesy of John Hunter, M.D.)

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