Research Highlights

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  • High levels of salt in the diet have been associated with high blood pressure and poor cardiovascular health. A recent trial in The New England Journal of Medicine investigates whether a salt substitute could decrease the rate of strokes, other cardiovascular events and deaths in a high risk population.

    • Ben Abbott
    Research Highlight Open Access
  • Reducing energy intake is known to result in weight loss. However, there is a need for real-world data on the impact of specific interventions to reduce energy intake. A recent trial in PLOS Medicine evaluated whether reductions in portion size and in the availability of high energy foods in workplace cafeterias could reduce energy consumption.

    • Katharine Barnes
    Research Highlight Open Access
  • Regenerative medicine may offer strategies to alleviate the debilitating symptoms of osteoarthritis and delay the time to joint replacement. In a study now published in Science Translational Medicine, Acevedo Rua and colleagues provide evidence of the therapeutic potential of autologous nasal chondrocyte-derived cartilage grafts in repairing arthritis-damaged knee joints.

    • Ben Abbott
    Research Highlight Open Access
  • Improvements in life expectancy have stalled over the last ten years in England, prompting research into the underlying causes. A recent study in The Lancet Public Health examines the relationship between cuts to local government funding and mortality in England.

    • Ben Abbott
    Research Highlight Open Access
  • KRAS is one of the most commonly mutated oncogenes in lung cancer but has long been considered undruggable. With the recent FDA approval of sotorasib, supported by positive phase II trial data now published in The New England Journal of Medicine, this is no longer the case.

    • Ben Abbott
    Research Highlight Open Access
  • Dengue virus is transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and causes the disease known as dengue. In a trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Utarini and colleagues report that release of wolbachia-infected A. aegypti populations in a dengue endemic area reduces the number of symptomatic cases and of hospitalisations.

    • Andreia Cunha
    Research Highlight Open Access
  • Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) deposition in the brain is an early feature of Alzheimers’ disease. In a phase II clinical trial recently published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Mintun and colleagues report on the safety and efficacy of an antibody targeting Aβ peptide in amyloid plaques for the treatment of participants with early symptomatic Alzheimer’s disease.

    • Andreia Cunha
    Research Highlight Open Access
  • In patients with high cholesterol and at risk of cardiovascular disease, inhibitors of PCSK9 are useful in lowering lipid levels but must be dosed regularly. A recent study in Nature by Munsunuru and colleagues explores the possibility of permanently disrupting PCSK9 expression via in vivo CRISPR gene editing in non-human primates, with long-lasting reductions in LDL cholesterol.

    • Ben Abbott
    Research Highlight Open Access