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  • Anti-repeaters – earthquakes that happen in the same location but with opposite focal mechanisms – are widespread but under-recognised and likely result from fluid migration processes, suggests a synthesis of observations of these phenomena from a range of tectonic environments.

    • Simone Cesca
    • Peter Niemz
    • Satoshi Ide
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Inputs of radionuclides to the marine environment will be impacted by climate change, thus there is a pressing need to understand the existing and potential sources of radionuclides to assess the implications of climate change impacts, suggests a literature synthesis of radionuclide sources.

    • Justin P. Gwynn
    • Vanessa Hatje
    • Iolanda Osvath
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • A synthesis of microbiological studies on young volcanic deposits examines the opportunities these habitats represent to study microbial community development in extreme conditions including, potentially, the past environment of Mars.

    • Nathan Hadland
    • Christopher W. Hamilton
    • Solange Duhamel
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Plastics need to be used more sustainably in agricultural practice, for example by recovery and reuse, and by selected application of safe biodegradable plastics and phasing out of toxic additives, suggests a literature synthesis and perspective on structural polymers in agriculture.

    • Thilo Hofmann
    • Subhasis Ghoshal
    • Kevin J. Wilkinson
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Weather-related disasters result from complex interactions between vulnerability and exposure through inequality, economic pressure and conflict and intensifying weather extremes in a changing climate, and they should be reported accordingly, suggest a synthesis of the causes and impacts of disasters in 2021 and 2022.

    • Friederike E. L. Otto
    • Emmanuel Raju
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Knowledge of past changes in permafrost thaw and associated carbon pools and releases can shed light on future permafrost stability and feedback on climate in a warming future, a systematic review of past permafrost dynamics suggests.

    • Miriam C. Jones
    • Guido Grosse
    • Laura Brosius
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Margin sediments and rivers are the most significant sources of copper binding ligands in the ocean while sedimentation, microbial uptake and photochemical degradation are the major sinks, suggests a synthesis of research on the cycling of copper ligands in the oceans.

    • Angel Ruacho
    • Camille Richon
    • Randelle M. Bundy
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • The compositional fingerprint of petit-spot magmas represents an enriched mantle source and carbonatitic or carbonated silicate melts below the oceanic lithosphere, suggests a synthesis of geochemical analyses on petit-spot volcanism.

    • Naoto Hirano
    • Shiki Machida
    Review ArticleOpen Access