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  • Molecular complexes with single-molecule magnet or qubit properties are great candidates for quantum information storage and processing, however, device implementation requires controlled surface deposition and property retention, which is a challenge. This Perspective gives a brief overview of molecular properties on a surface relevant for magnetic molecules and how they are affected by surface deposition, pointing out possible ways of overcoming the problems encountered so far.

    • Guillem Gabarró-Riera
    • E. Carolina Sañudo
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Combinatorial biosynthesis of natural products is a method to synthesize structurally diverse molecules with defined modifications. Here, the authors review the various approaches used for combinatorial biosynthesis of fungal natural products by engineering biosynthetic enzymes and pathways to generate novel molecules.

    • Elizabeth Skellam
    • Sanjeevan Rajendran
    • Lei Li
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) is one of the most important fluorescence mechanisms, with multi-step FRET systems enabling sequential energy transfer as seen in natural photosynthetic systems. Here, the authors review recent progress in exploiting discrete supramolecular assemblies to achieve multi-step FRET between donors and multiple acceptors.

    • Dengli Chen
    • Tangxin Xiao
    • Leyong Wang
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Dynamic microscale droplets produced by liquid–liquid phase separation (LLPS) have emerged as appealing biomaterials, but their instability hinders their assembly into high-order structures with collective behaviors. Here, the authors review current strategies for stabilizing droplets, as well as recent developments in the applications of such LLPS droplets, and provide insights into how stabilized droplets can self-assemble into higher-order structures that display coordinated functions.

    • Mehwish Naz
    • Lin Zhang
    • Jianwei Li
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Self-sustainable autonomous soft actuators have emerged as naturally evolving out-of-equilibrium systems that do not require human intervention. Here, the authors discuss recent advances in the field, with a focus on shape-morphing materials, motion characteristics, built-in negative feedback loops, and constant stimulus response patterns.

    • Zhen-Zhou Nie
    • Meng Wang
    • Hong Yang
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Liquid crystal elastomers are shape-morphing materials that demonstrate reversible actuation when exposed to external stimuli, and their actuation depends heavily on the liquid crystal alignment programmed into these materials, using various shape-programming processes. Here, the author reviews current shape-programming methods in relation to the challenges of employing liquid crystal elastomers as soft, shape-memory components in devices in the future.

    • Andraž Rešetič
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • The signal transducing interface between biosamples and detection devices plays a key role in translating electrochemical reactions into output signals and often governs detection limits and biocompatibility of the sensor. Here, the author reviews syntheses and properties of electrochemical interfaces of field-effect transistor-based biosensors.

    • Toshiya Sakata
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Incorporating main group elements into amorphous porous organic polymers has enabled the fine tuning of the structures and properties of these materials. Here, the authors review studies in which the geometric structures and electronic properties of main group elements have influenced material structures and properties, and whereby their incorporation has enabled new strategies to synthesize such materials.

    • Zhikai Zhang
    • Zhaoxin Liu
    • Yi Ren
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Artificial photosynthesis aims to produce fuels and chemicals from simple, abundant building blocks, such as water and carbon dioxide, with sunlight as a source of energy. Here, the authors review recent developments in biomimetic, compartmentalized vesicular systems towards artificial photosynthesis, and highlight challenges and opportunities in mimicking this complex natural reaction system.

    • Laura Velasco-Garcia
    • Carla Casadevall
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Shortwave UV photons and very low energy electrons (vLEEs) are thought to be unfavorable prebiotic conditions on early Earth which can destroy unstable molecules. Here, the authors propose that nucleobases in their complementary pairs can enhance and consolidate the intrinsic stability of nucleobases against shortwave UV photons and vLEEs and promote their proliferation.

    • Y. Sajeev
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Stereoregular polymers exhibit improved thermal and mechanical properties, making the development of enantioselective polymerization catalysts of significant importance. Here, the authors summarize catalyst design strategies and synthetic routes for enantioselective polymerizations of degradable or recyclable polymers from racemic monomers.

    • Xiaoyu Xie
    • Ziyu Huo
    • Rong Tong
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Endothelial dysfunction is the early stage in the development of cardiovascular disease, however, molecular probes for diagnostics of endothelial dysfunction are still underexplored. Here, the authors review the specific nitric oxide and calcium sensors available in the context of detecting endothelial dysfunction.

    • Valeriia D. Andreeva
    • Haley Ehlers
    • Sylvestre Bonnet
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Atomically precise metal nanoclusters display exciting optical and catalytic properties, but their long-term instability under ambient conditions hinders their practical application. Here, the authors review recent progress in creating nanohybrids from atomically precise nanoclusters and other more stable nanomaterials, forming hybrids with useful properties and improved stabilities.

    • Koustav Sahoo
    • Tapu Raihan Gazi
    • Indranath Chakraborty
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Constructing crystalline materials with specific stimuli-responsive dynamics and controlled molecular motion affords opportunities for innovative functionality and applications. Here, the authors discuss recent developments in dynamic solid-state framework materials across a range of material classes, exploring key phenomena associated with such complex dynamics.

    • Simon Krause
    • Jovana V. Milić
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) emitters are inexpensive and versatile materials for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) covering all colour regions. Here, the authors review double boron embedded multi resonant TADF emitters with particular attention to molecular design concepts, synthetic routes, optoelectronic properties, and OLED performance, providing future prospects for display applications.

    • Kenkera Rayappa Naveen
    • Hye In Yang
    • Jang Hyuk Kwon
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • 101Tc is a lesser studied technetium isotope, but its unique nuclear properties and varying routes of production make it interesting for an array of applications where its shorter half-life can be exploited. Here, the authors review the discovery, nuclear properties, synthesis and separation, as well as applications of 101Tc, and point towards future research directions.

    • Erik V. Johnstone
    • Natalia Mayordomo
    • Edward J. Mausolf
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • Ion separation membranes are of importance for a range of applications, including water treatment, raw material recovery, gas separation, and fuel cells, but traditional research and development methods can be expensive and time-consuming. Here, the authors review the capabilities and limitations of artificial intelligence in the design of high performing ion-selective membranes.

    • Reza Maleki
    • Seyed Mohammadreza Shams
    • Amir Razmjou
    Review ArticleOpen Access
  • ‘Molecular surgery’ is a useful method through which to create endohedral fullerenes that aren’t accessible by conventional physical methods of trapping small atoms and molecules. Here, the authors review the organic chemistry behind molecular surgery, describing the methods to access open-cage intermediates alongside the cage-closing chemistry.

    • Sally Bloodworth
    • Richard J. Whitby
    Review ArticleOpen Access